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Capacity Building initiatives on dairy development
 

Capacity Building initiatives on dairy development

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Presentation by Desalegn B/medhin at the National dairy forum, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 23-24 November 2010.

Presentation by Desalegn B/medhin at the National dairy forum, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 23-24 November 2010.

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    Capacity Building initiatives on dairy development Capacity Building initiatives on dairy development Presentation Transcript

    • CAPACITY BUILDING INITIATIVES ON DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
      DESALEGN G/MEDHIN
      ETHIOPIAN MEAT AND DAIRY TECHNOLOGY DE
      DESALEGN G/MEDHIN
      ETHIOPIAN MEAT AND DAIRY TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE
      NATIONAL DAIRY FORUM
      November 23 to 24, 2010
      GHION HOTEL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA
    • OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION
      INTRODUCTION
      DAIRY DEVELOPMENT endeavors UNDERTAKEN SO FAR
      LESSONS LEARNT FROM PAST EXPERIENCES
      CURRNT STATUS OF DAIRYING
      STATUS OF MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS IMPORTATION
      CHALLENGES OF DAIRY DEVELOPMENT IN ETHIOPIA
      RECENT DEVELOMENTS
      PLANS OF THE ETHIOPIAN MEAT AND DAIRY TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE ON CAPACITY BUILDING IN THE SECTOR
      CONCLUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      11/24/2010
      2
      CAPACITY BUILDING INITIATIVE ON DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
    • INTRODUCTION
      Ethiopia is endowed with various agro-ecological zones and Milk is produced in all parts of the country
      It is believed that Ethiopia possesses the highest cattle population in Africa with a total cattle heads of about 52 million(About 55.48 percent are females)
      Ninety eight percent of the total milk produced comes from the rural dairy system while only 2% percent is contributed by the commercial dairy
      Ninety-seven percent of the total milk produced from cattle is obtained from indigenous breeds while the remaining 3% comes from exotic-crosses and pure-grade cattle
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    • INTRODUCTION, CONT…
      Ethiopia’s dairy development history dates back to more than six decades before. Various structural changes, adjustments, and development endeavors in dairying have been taking place since then
      The sector, however, didn’t grow and the country is not benefiting from the sector properly
      To address the issue of dairy and meat production, the Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Technology Institute (EMDTI) was established in January 2008 with the major objectives of capacity building, investment promotion, and market facilitation
      The institute is located 45 km South East of Addis Ababa, the capital city
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      CAPACITY BUILDING INITIATIVE ON DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
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    • 11/24/2010
      CAPACITY BUILDING INITIATIVE ON DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
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      Lake Babogaya, Bordering EMDTI from the East
    • DAIRY DEVELOPMENT endeavors UNDERTAKEN SO FAR
      Various dairy development endeavors have been undertaken aimed at improving the sector which include the following:
      • Three hundred Friesian and Brown Swiss dairy cattle were received as a donation in 1947 from the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) which marked the first attempt to introduce modern dairy production in Ethiopia
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    • DAIRY DEVELOPMENT, Cont…
      • Various dairy-related plants and projects were established:
      • Shola processing plant in 1960
      • Chilalo Agricultural Development Unit (CADU) later named as Arsi Rural Development Unit (ARDU) in 1967
      • Dairy Development Agency (DDA) in 1971
      • Addis Ababa Dairy Development Project (AADDP) in 1971
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    • DAIRY DEVELOPMENT, Cont…
      • Following the 1974 revolution, the DDA was merged with other nationalized dairy farms to establish the Dairy Development Enterprise (DDE)
      • Welaita Agricultural Unit (WADU) in 1973
      • Minimum Package Programme(MPP) in 1972/73
      • National Artificial Insemination Center (NAIC) in 1981
      • Dairy Rehabilitation and Development Project (DRDP) in 1986
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    • DAIRY DEVELOPMENT, Cont…
      • Sellale Peasant Dairy Development Pilot Project (SPDDPP) in 1987 which was later transformed to the Small Holders’ Dairy Development Project (SDDP)
      • Different crossbred heifers production ranches were also established in the 1940s and 1950’s
      (Milk production in Ethiopia had increased significantly during the 1960s with an average annual growth rate of 1.63%)
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    • DAIRY DEVELOPMENT, Cont…
      • Privatization has been implemented since early 1990s in which many enterprises including the DDE were privatized opening an opportunity for better development of the sector
      • Moreover, the involvement of nongovernmental organizations have been contributing a lot in the attempts for the development of the sector
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    • LESSONS LEARNT FROM PAST EXPERIENCES
      Failure in sustainability of the dairy development projects and programmes
      Development of the sector at large remained much unsatisfactory
      The huge cattle population and the potentials for dairy development are still underutilized
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    • CURRNT STATUS OF DAIRYING
      Out of the total quantity of milk produced in the country only less than 2% is processed at industrial level
      Annual per capita consumption of milk is declining: some documents put it as 17kgs while others indicate 20 kgs
      Importation of milk and milk products is increasing from year to year
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    • CURRENT STATUS, Cont…
      Taking the case of Addis Ababa as an example, the total annual quantity of milk available for a population of about 4 million is less than 65,000 tones out of which about 15,000 tones is industrially processed or pasteurized while the remaining 50, 000 is sold out to consumers directly by producers_ but this is highly supported by imported milk and milk products
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    • STATUS OF MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS IMPORTATION
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    • IMPORTATION, Cont…
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    • CHALLENGES OF DAIRY DEVELOPMENT IN ETHIOPIA
      The major bottlenecks or constraints in the dairy development of the country include:
      • Limited attention given to the sector
      • Lack of reliable supply of improved dairy breeds
      • Uncontrolled crossbreeding along with inefficient artificial insemination services
      • Shortage of animal feeds
      • Poor animal health services
      • Absence of well-organized milk collection and processing plants and lack of cold storage facilities
      • Lack of milk quality standards and regulations
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    • CHALLENGES, cont…
      Unavailability of remunerative and reliable milk marketing systems
      Lack of appropriate promotion work to develop the inclusion of dairy products in the daily diet of the society
      Suspicion of consumers in the quality of milk and milk products produced domestically
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    • RECENT DEVELOMENTS
      To alleviate the problems associated with the sector, the Government has started taking different measures including the establishment of the EMDTI
      Governmental and nongovernmental organizations who have stakes in dairy development of the country have began working in close collaborations more than any time before
      Currently, various projects are being undertaken aimed at establishing large dairy industries and commercial dairy farms which are believed to contribute much to the development of the sector
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    • PLANS OF CAPACITY BUILDING ON DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
      The plan of the Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Technology Institute(EMDTI) on capacity building aims at mainly
      • Training
      • Consultancy
      • Support and facilitation of investments in dairying
      • Marketing facilitations
      Work collaboratively with partner government and also nongovernment organizations who directly or indirectly have stakes in supporting the dairy development of the country and addressing the challenges of the sector
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    • CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      Conclusion
      • Commercial milk production in Ethiopia is still in its infant stage
      • Dairy production in the country is currently encompassed by serious challenges which need urgent collaborative solutions
      • The emphasis given to sector currently is in a good start, however, it needs to be strengthened in a way to alleviate the existing setbacks
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    • CONCLUSION AND, Cont…
      Recommendations
      • Special attention and full support should be given to the dairy sector by all relevant government organizations at all levels
      • Special support need to be given for investments in crossbred heifers production to alleviate the problem of source of genetic materials
      • Encourage the establishment of dairy processing industries and strengthen the existing ones in order to guarantee remunerative domestic and export markets
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    • RECOMMENDATIONS, Cont
      • Improve the capacities of milk producers and processors so that they could be able to boost production and diversify products
      • All relevant stakeholders in the sector need to strengthen collaborations and join efforts in order to bring about significant improvements in dairy development_ set plans and strategies together and go into action
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    • RECOMMENDATIONS, Cont…
      • Appropriate promotions should be worked out to develop a culture in the inclusion of dairy products in the daily diet of the society
      • Regulations need to be set to monitor the quality standards of milk and milk products so that consumers could feel safety to consume domestic products
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    • RECOMMENDATIONS, Cont…
      • Materialize a breeding policy urgently
      • Build the capacity of the EMDTI in order to effectively address and lead the development of the sector
      • Encourage and support the establishment of Ethiopian Dairy Board
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      THANK YOU!!