More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor:How the Livestock and Fish research program helpsimprove access to critical a...
The challenge Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculturedevelopment to benefit the poor?o Mixed record to dateo Sy...
An image problem1. Animal-source foods are a luxury and bad forhealth, so should not promote2. Small-scale production and ...
Our underlying hypothesis Livestock and Blue Revolutions: accelerating demand indeveloping countries as urbanization and ...
Managing a smoother transition out of agriculture Estimates for smallholders in Africa and Latin America(Wiggins 2012; Do...
But productivity gap remains despiteinvestment in livestock development0.060.080.030.170.060.110.040.2Meat(kg output/kg bi...
Aquaculture lagging tooAnnual growth rate of aquaculture 2007-2015needed to satisfy demandsource: Cai (2011)
ConsumersSolutions developed for isolated issues in specificsettings, but ignoring other constraints in the value chaintha...
A smarter approach?Drawing from recent experiences,can we accelerate research to impact?
Our propositionIncreased access to animal-source foods for thepoor, especially women and children, can be achieved at scal...
Strategic L&F CRP Cross-cutting Platforms• Technology Generation• Market Innovation• Targeting & ImpactConsumersR4D integr...
#4 Focus, focus, focus!Working in 8 target value chains  accountability
Our engagement in a value chain embodies our impact pathwayApproach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impactYear 1  Year 8-...
ResearchOutputsResearchOutcomesIntermediateDevelopmentOutcomesImpactsMethods +capacity tosustain VCdevelopmentSLO2 Increas...
Status Partnership of 4 CGIAR Centres Officially started January 1st, 2012 Forming core team Developing strategy by co...
3-year Budget Envelope by ComponentProgramManagement$5.6mTechnologyDevelopment$43.3mValue ChainDevelopment$20.9mTargeting,...
1/3 Funding ShortfallTOTAL Approved = US$99.6mRestrictedmobilizedCG FundRestrictedGAP2/3 funding secured
CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR ResearchPr...
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More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor: How the Livestock and Fish research program helps improve access to critical animal-source foods

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Presented by Tom Randolph, Nairobi, 13 February 2013

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  • Very interesting findings. The more the reason why we need more funding for R&D in value chains and the core logistics and linkages that put food on the table. Also increasing funding of ICT4Agriculture and Development related projects to create agri-big data and information for effective and efficient ICT solutions and channels to share agri business knowledge is vital.
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  • I am Tom…Let me explain the program, what is different about it and why we expect it to succeed in achieving impact
  • A weakness of our research approach to date has been its piecemeal nature. By this I mean…To address this, our initiative is adopting 4 key features for a ‘business unusual’ approach
  • More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor: How the Livestock and Fish research program helps improve access to critical animal-source foods

    1. 1. More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor:How the Livestock and Fish research program helpsimprove access to critical animal-source foodsTom RandolphNairobi, 13 February 2013
    2. 2. The challenge Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculturedevelopment to benefit the poor?o Mixed record to dateo Systematic under-investmento Also related to our research-for-development model? Focus on increasing productivity of small-scale productionand marketing systemso ‘by the poor’  poverty reductiono ‘for the poor’  food security
    3. 3. An image problem1. Animal-source foods are a luxury and bad forhealth, so should not promote2. Small-scale production and marketing systems aredisappearing; sector is quickly industrializing3. Livestock and aquaculture development will havenegative environmental impacts
    4. 4. Our underlying hypothesis Livestock and Blue Revolutions: accelerating demand indeveloping countries as urbanization and incomes rise Industrial systems will provide a large part of the neededincrease in supply to cities and the better-off in some places But the poor will often continue to rely on small-scaleproduction and marketing systems If able to respond, they could contribute, both increasingsupplies and reducing poverty …and better manage the transition for many smallholderhouseholds
    5. 5. Managing a smoother transition out of agriculture Estimates for smallholders in Africa and Latin America(Wiggins 2012; Dorward 2009) : Can 2/3 be enabled to develop into commercialproducers, accumulate capital and transition out ofagriculture? deeper rural economic growth avoid social disruption1/3 Will ‘step up’ to become commercialfarmers1/3 Will ‘step out’ and work for other, go to thecity1/3 Could go either way
    6. 6. But productivity gap remains despiteinvestment in livestock development0.060.080.030.170.060.110.040.2Meat(kg output/kg biomass/yr)198020054111021517422639713809046350Milk(kg/cow/yr)19802005
    7. 7. Aquaculture lagging tooAnnual growth rate of aquaculture 2007-2015needed to satisfy demandsource: Cai (2011)
    8. 8. ConsumersSolutions developed for isolated issues in specificsettings, but ignoring other constraints in the value chainthat discourage uptakeInputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers...in Country AInputs & Services Production Processing Marketing ConsumersInputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers...in Country D...in Country C...in Country BWhy haven’t we had more impact?Is it the piecemeal nature of our research?
    9. 9. A smarter approach?Drawing from recent experiences,can we accelerate research to impact?
    10. 10. Our propositionIncreased access to animal-source foods for thepoor, especially women and children, can be achieved at scaleby strengthening carefully selected meat, milk and fishvalue chains in which the poor can capture a significant shareof the benefits. Technologies and lessons generated throughthis focused approach will be applicable in broader regionaland global settings.More meat, milk and fish by and for the poor
    11. 11. Strategic L&F CRP Cross-cutting Platforms• Technology Generation• Market Innovation• Targeting & ImpactConsumersR4D integrated totransform selectedvalue chainsIn targetedcommodities andcountries.Value chain development team + research partnersGLOBAL RESEARCHPUBLIC GOODSINTERVENTIONS TO SCALEOUT REGIONALLY#1: Addressing the whole value chainMajor intervention with development partnersApproach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact#2: Working directly to design and support intervention at scale#3: In partnership with development actors
    12. 12. #4 Focus, focus, focus!Working in 8 target value chains  accountability
    13. 13. Our engagement in a value chain embodies our impact pathwayApproach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impactYear 1  Year 8-12Program horizon in a target value chainRelativedegreeofinvolvementResearchpartnersDevelopmentpartnersAssessmentMobilizationBest betsExperimentsEvaluationEvidenceDesignPilotingLessonsContextAdvocacyDisseminationAttractinginvestmentImplementinglarge-scaleinterventionsKnowledgepartnerAlong the Impact Pathway
    14. 14. ResearchOutputsResearchOutcomesIntermediateDevelopmentOutcomesImpactsMethods +capacity tosustain VCdevelopmentSLO2 Increasedfood securityActionableOptionsProcessEvidenceIncreasedproductivityEvidence base+ partnershipsto attractinvestment forinterventionSLO1 ReducedpovertyMore supply(qlty & qnty)More income +employmentHigher share forwomenMore of nutrientgap filled by ASFLower unitenvirnmt impactsSupportingpolicies/investmentSLO3 Improvednutrition &healthSLO4SustainableNRMIntermediate Development Outcomes arechanges achieved through anticipateddevelopment interventions in our valuechains
    15. 15. Status Partnership of 4 CGIAR Centres Officially started January 1st, 2012 Forming core team Developing strategy by component and value chain Identifying strategic partners Consolidating ongoing activities
    16. 16. 3-year Budget Envelope by ComponentProgramManagement$5.6mTechnologyDevelopment$43.3mValue ChainDevelopment$20.9mTargeting,Genderand Impact$13.3mInstitutionalOverhead$16.3mTOTAL Approved = US$99.6m
    17. 17. 1/3 Funding ShortfallTOTAL Approved = US$99.6mRestrictedmobilizedCG FundRestrictedGAP2/3 funding secured
    18. 18. CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR ResearchProgram on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainableways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world.CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fishlivestockfish.cgiar.org

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