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Livestock in the new CGIAR Consortium
 

Livestock in the new CGIAR Consortium

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Presentation by Steve Staal to the Inter-Agency Donor Group Meeting, Rome, 4-6 May 2010

Presentation by Steve Staal to the Inter-Agency Donor Group Meeting, Rome, 4-6 May 2010

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    Livestock in the new CGIAR Consortium Livestock in the new CGIAR Consortium Presentation Transcript

    • Steve Staal, ILRI Inter-Agency Donor Group Meeting and 2010 Livestock Week IFAD, 4-6 May 2010
      • Consortium Board and CEO to oversee all CGIAR center research
        • First meeting in Nairobi, March 2010
        • CEO to be recruited
        • Consortium HQ either Addis Ababa, Delhi, Montpellier, Nairobi or Rome
      • Strategic Results Framework to set priorities
      • Megaprograms for delivery
        • Currently 7, may expand to 15
        • Initial CN’s being submitted this week
        • To be reviewed externally and by Consortium Board end May
        • Those agreed go to full Proposal development
      • Multi-donor fund managed by a Fund Council
      • Performance contracts
      • MP1: Integrated agriculture systems for the poor and vulnerable ( potential fast tracked)
        • Integrated agriculture for dryland systems
        • Integrated agriculture for tropical humid systems
        • Integrated coastal/aquatic systems
      •   MP2: Policies, institutions, and markets for enabling agricultural incomes for the poor
        •  
      • MP3: Sustainable staple food productivity increase for global food security (probably multiple MPs, some potential fast tracked)
        • Rice
        • Maize
        • Wheat
        • Cluster: Pulses and legumes
        • Cluster: Roots and tubers, bananas and plantains
        • Cluster: Sorghum, millet and barley
        • Cluster: Livestock and fish
      • MP4: Agriculture, nutrition and health
      • MP5: Water scarcity and land degradation
      • MP6: Forests and Trees
      • MP7: Climate Change (potential fast tracked)
      • Systems with the deepest endemic poverty and with the most vulnerable people
          • ≤ 200 mm rainfall- Saharan and part of Sahelian zones in Africa
      • Systems with the greatest potential to impact on poor in the short to medium term
          • 300 to 600 mm, Sahelian countries in West Africa
      • Systems most vulnerable/at risk to degradation and climate variability
          • 500 to 900 mm - North Soudanian, Sub Sahelian climate (West Africa)
      • Types of intervention testing and research
        • Information (weather, prices) and tools (eg index based livestock insurance) to manage weather and other risks
        • Participatory approaches to land use planning and conflict management
        • Payment for environmental services schemes
        • Ag, livestock and NRM technologies and practices validated, adapted and assessed in system context
        • Institutional innovations around increasing market access
      • Intensification strategies, crops, feeds, nutrient cycling, environmental management (an important component here relates to trade offs in biomass use)
          • Feeding strategies in value chain context
          • Combining feed and breed with risk mitigating animal health and insurance options
          • Optimising crop and livestock husbandry, crop residue use
          • Balanced feed options with positive environmental impacts (including number of animals)
          • Manure management options
      • Longer term institutional and environmental sustainability including issues related to policies to provide enabling environment, incentives and regulations
          • Land policy/regulations
          • Incentives/regulations relating to environmental issues
      • Policies and investments that enable poverty-reducing agricultural growth
        • modeling for strategic foresight and future scenarios
        • international trade, macro and non-agricultural policies
        • production, natural resources and technology policies, and policy process
      • Value chains
        • input and output markets, incentives
        • testing interventions and capacity building
        • chain analysis methods, analysis of demand drivers
      • Enabling institutions and governance for the poor
        • governance in input/service supply
        • collective action
      • Livestock research elements
        • Livestock-specific features of modeling
          • (asset accumulation, natural resource interactions, non-market products and cost items)
        • Animal health issues in market, policy
        • Crop-livestock interaction and resource use pressures
        • Demand-led development interventions in the value chain
        • Data and sampling issues specific to livestock
      • Targeting and outcome assessment
        • Mapping of priority livestock and fish , targeting strategies for specific technology, strategy and policy interventions based on system analysis
        • Needs and constraints assessment and prioritization for the Program, including gender analyses
        • Analysis of child nutrition impacts in livestock/fish production systems, and strategies to increase availability of these high nutrient products to rural children.
        • Outcome and communications strategies across Program activities
        • Impact assessments of to guide research (re) design
      • Characterization, conservation, and selective breeding
        • Better understanding of the genetic attributes of various livestock breeds and the systems under which they can be are raised
        • Mapping of genotypes for conservation
        • Develop bio-banking protocols and systems, including phenotypic descriptions of biobanked material from indigenous livestock and fish populations.
      • Improved delivery of genetics
        • Adapt enhanced reproductive technologies and strategies to multiply and deliver appropriate livestock genotypes
      • Exploring applications from new science
        • Development of new tools to allow integration of sequence data with rich phenotypic data including systems analysis.
        • Reproductive tools to discover and to exploit discoveries in functional genomics to improve livestock productivity under various production systems
      • Producing more and better quality forage and feed resources:
        • Including crop residue fodder traits (quantity and quality) in multidimensional crop improvement to exploit genetic variation and by further targeted genetic enhancement towards dual-purpose traits using conventional and marker assisted crop breeding.
        • Improved dual purpose varieties of food – feed crops, and improved pastures and forage options
      • Making better use of available feeds:
        • Harnessing spin-off technologies from 2nd generation bio fuel technologies to improved basal diets
        • Strategic/smart supplementation strategies, byproduct based rations with under-exploited local ingredients
        • Improving provision of forages and feeds through markets, and sustainable forage and fodder crop seed/germplasm systems
      • V accines and diagnostics for orphan viral, bacterial and protozoan diseases for which there are few or no other providers (with focus on endemic diseases threatening productivity, survival and market access)
      • Thermostabilization of current vaccines
      • Identification of vaccine antigens and proof-of-concept vaccine trials for priority diseases
      • Development of molecular fingerprinting tools for pathogen detection and surveillance
      • Disease risk assessment and disease modeling
      • Strategies for delivery of improved health interventions to producers
      • Development strategies for pro-poor value chains for livestock and fish products
        • Systems for sustainable production and delivery of appropriate livestock and fish genetics with private & public partners
        • Systems for improved disease surveillance and control, both within production systems and along product supply chains, focused on endemic diseases
        • Strategies for technology integration and innovation- feeds, health and genetics for sustained productivity increases
        • Testing adapted organisational mechanims (hubs, innovation platforms, SME’s, PPPs) to facilitate the access to knowledge, information and technology, and increase value , including post-harvest.
        • Livestock and fish product and post harvest process development, including food safety and certification systems
      • Agriculture for improved food security, diet quality, and nutrition.
        • Develop, test, approaches to
          • maximize the impact of agriculture on improving the availability, access to consumption of nutritious and diverse foods – focus on women and young children;
          • to increase global awareness and knowledge of the importance of nutritious foods and high-quality diets
        • Biofortication
      • Managing the multiple burdens of agriculture- associated disease (mostly zoonotics)
        • Measure the human health burden (DALYs), and other burdens of AADs including equity; economic cost of lost human and animal productivity; trade; market access; ecosystem services;
        • Develop and scientifically evaluate better ways of managing priority AADs.
        • Integrated ways of studying and tackling zoonotic and other diseases, based on Ecohealth and One World, One Health approaches
        • Scenario and other futures analysis to understand disease trajectories, risk analysis for better managing food and water borne disease and occupational hazards; ,and identify mitigation options
        • Value chain analysis to upgrade the ability of value chains to deliver safe products
        • Evidence for the development of more effective surveillance and response systems
      • Delivering greater water and land productivity in rainfed and irrigated systems
      • Enhancing and safeguarding land and water access for the poor especially women
      • Improving land and soil health and water quality to reverse widespread soil nutrient depletion and degradation of ecosystem services
      • Enhancing ecosystem services and building resilience to maintain vital ecosystems
      • Livestock research elements
        • Improved land and water management to support pastoral   livestock systems
        • Improved water use efficiency of livestock production in crop-livestock systems
      • Adaptation to Decadal Climate Change
      • Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk
      • Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation
      • Diagnosis and Vulnerability Assessment for Making Strategic Choices
      • Livestock research elements
        • Improved management of C-L systems to enhance adaptation
        • Understanding role of livestock in CC
        • In situ conservation of livestock genetics needed for adaptation
        • Increased productivity of livestock for mitigation
      • Bulk of livestock research likely to be contained within MP3 Livestock and Fish
        • Opportunities for new synergy
        • Productivity plus tools for uptake and impact
        • Better focus?
      • MP4 Ag for Health & Nutrition however contains significant animal health and food safety research, growing area of demand
      • Livestock research component within Systems, Policy/Markets, Water/Soil and Climate Change
      • New levels of interaction are apparent already