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Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
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Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use

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Bruno Gérard …

Bruno Gérard

FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems, Luang Prabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010

Published in: Technology
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    • 1. Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use<br />Bruno Gérard<br />FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems <br />LuangPrabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010<br />
    • 2. Key Issues<br />Mixed crop-livestock small farms is a large proportion of farming enterprises in developing countries<br />Changes dues to external drivers such as demographic pressure, development of urban markets, increased demand for crop and livestock products, climate variability and change, biofuel… <br /><ul><li>changes in the use of biomass
    • 3. increasing importance of CR to feed livestock, emerging CR marketing opportunities
    • 4. tradeoff in most systems: short term benefits of using crop residues to feed livestock versus leaving the crop residues in the field to maintain/improve soil productivity (nutrient balance, erosion control, and soil health)</li></li></ul><li>(From Herrero et al. 2010)<br />
    • 5. Manure<br />Urines<br />Manure<br />Urines<br />RANGELAND<br />CROPLAND<br />Fertilizers<br />Fertilizers<br />Feed<br />LIVESTOCK<br />Feed<br />HOUSEHOLD<br />MARKETS<br />Residues<br />Weeds<br />Live<br />animals<br />Meat<br />Milk<br />Forage<br />Food<br />Wood<br />Grains<br />Residues<br />Weeds<br />Live<br />animals<br />Meat<br />Milk<br />Forage<br />Food<br />Wood<br />Grains<br />From Powell et al. 1996<br />
    • 6. Feedtrade<br />Specialization<br />Crop/livestock integration at the household level<br />Integration<br />Conflict risks<br />SA/SEA<br />SSA<br />SSA peri-urban<br />Level of system’s intensification<br />Demographic pressure <br />
    • 7. 1966<br />2004<br />
    • 8. What we know/what has been done<br /><ul><li>Nutrient cycling in mixed farming systems
    • 9. Dual-purpose crops
    • 10. Monitoring of the evolution of some mixed farming systems
    • 11. Feed deficit assessments at various scales (but gaps)
    • 12. Conceptual frameworks and models (do they serve the purpose?)
    • 13. Conservation agriculture research
    • 14. Feed markets (but incomplete)</li></ul>- On going SLP global project on CR tradeoffs <br />But how much research findings have been put into use? <br />
    • 15. Gaps and challenges <br /><ul><li> Dealing with complexity at different space and time scales and responding to site and household specific conditions looking at short term returns of resources allocation
    • 16. How to better articulate research findings in meaningful way for development
    • 17. Policy
    • 18. Decision support for development interventions
    • 19. Participatory research addressing farm and landscape scale issues
    • 20. Long term effects of CR management on soil productivity
    • 21. Livestock and conservation agriculture? </li></li></ul><li>Way forward?<br />Sustainable intensification of mixed farming systems<br />Key role of external inputs<br />- Fertilizer -> increase biomass quantity<br /><ul><li>Dual purpose crops -> increase feed quantity and quality
    • 22. Better livestock management (breed, health, feed)</li></ul>Combined with better market and private sector participation<br /><ul><li>Increase animal offtake
    • 23. Reduce pressure on biomass? </li></ul>Need for enabling environments and novel participatory approaches (IP and/or something else?) <br />
    • 24. Pretty strong drivers so better not ‘swim against the flow’!<br />

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