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Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
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Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use

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Bruno Gérard …

Bruno Gérard

FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems, Luang Prabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010

Published in: Technology
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    • 1. Livestock feed as a component of smallholder systems: Tradeoffs in biomass/crop residues use
      Bruno Gérard
      FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems
      LuangPrabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010
    • 2. Key Issues
      Mixed crop-livestock small farms is a large proportion of farming enterprises in developing countries
      Changes dues to external drivers such as demographic pressure, development of urban markets, increased demand for crop and livestock products, climate variability and change, biofuel…
      • changes in the use of biomass
      • 3. increasing importance of CR to feed livestock, emerging CR marketing opportunities
      • 4. tradeoff in most systems: short term benefits of using crop residues to feed livestock versus leaving the crop residues in the field to maintain/improve soil productivity (nutrient balance, erosion control, and soil health)
    • (From Herrero et al. 2010)
    • 5. Manure
      Urines
      Manure
      Urines
      RANGELAND
      CROPLAND
      Fertilizers
      Fertilizers
      Feed
      LIVESTOCK
      Feed
      HOUSEHOLD
      MARKETS
      Residues
      Weeds
      Live
      animals
      Meat
      Milk
      Forage
      Food
      Wood
      Grains
      Residues
      Weeds
      Live
      animals
      Meat
      Milk
      Forage
      Food
      Wood
      Grains
      From Powell et al. 1996
    • 6. Feedtrade
      Specialization
      Crop/livestock integration at the household level
      Integration
      Conflict risks
      SA/SEA
      SSA
      SSA peri-urban
      Level of system’s intensification
      Demographic pressure
    • 7. 1966
      2004
    • 8. What we know/what has been done
      • Nutrient cycling in mixed farming systems
      • 9. Dual-purpose crops
      • 10. Monitoring of the evolution of some mixed farming systems
      • 11. Feed deficit assessments at various scales (but gaps)
      • 12. Conceptual frameworks and models (do they serve the purpose?)
      • 13. Conservation agriculture research
      • 14. Feed markets (but incomplete)
      - On going SLP global project on CR tradeoffs
      But how much research findings have been put into use?
    • 15. Gaps and challenges
      • Dealing with complexity at different space and time scales and responding to site and household specific conditions looking at short term returns of resources allocation
      • 16. How to better articulate research findings in meaningful way for development
      • 17. Policy
      • 18. Decision support for development interventions
      • 19. Participatory research addressing farm and landscape scale issues
      • 20. Long term effects of CR management on soil productivity
      • 21. Livestock and conservation agriculture?
    • Way forward?
      Sustainable intensification of mixed farming systems
      Key role of external inputs
      - Fertilizer -> increase biomass quantity
      • Dual purpose crops -> increase feed quantity and quality
      • 22. Better livestock management (breed, health, feed)
      Combined with better market and private sector participation
      • Increase animal offtake
      • 23. Reduce pressure on biomass?
      Need for enabling environments and novel participatory approaches (IP and/or something else?)
    • 24. Pretty strong drivers so better not ‘swim against the flow’!

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