Presented by Purvi Mehta at a high-level consultation on "Integrating Nutrition into ASEAN Integrated Food Security Framework and its Strategic Plan of Action for Food Security" held at Bangkok, Thailand, 29-30 January 2013.
When applicable International commodity prices are used, to calculate the total value of each commodity produced by each country and subsequently used in the ranking of commodities and countries. They are applied in order to avoid the use of exchange rates for obtaining continental and world aggregates, and also to improve and facilitate international comparative analysis of productivity at the national level.
Livestock: A crucial livelihood and nutrition asset for Southeast Asia
Livestock: A crucial livelihood and nutrition asset for Southeast Asia Purvi Mehta High Level Consultation “Integrating Nutrition into ASEANIntegrated Food Security Framework and its Strategic Plan of Action for Food Security”, Bangkok, 29-30 January 2013
Global Livestock Scenario 17 billion domestic animals Asset value $1.4 trillion Employs 1.3 billion people Uses one third of the earth’s ice free surface
Four out of the five highest valueglobal commodities are livestock 3 Source: FAOSTAT, 2010 data
Livestock’s Many Virtues Poverty Alleviation HealthNutrition • Provide 58 • Livelihood • Zoonosis million to 1.3 • Malnutrition tonnes of Billion • Obesity protein • Soil health: annually • Important • 14% N, 9% P asset for and 40% K • 17% of the global women inputs to kilocalories • Risk global crop mitigation production Micronutrients Provided by ASF Vitamin A Iron Zinc Calcium Riboflavin Vitamin B12
Livestock in S.E Asian Countries 167.2 million livestock, not including 2.28 trillion of chicken and ducks Pig form majority of the population Employment to over 100 million people
Livestock contribution to AgGDP Livestock GDP 5.6% 3.8% 2.4% 2.4% 4.0% 4.3% 2.9% 2.8% 2.8% 6 (Figures in bars are annual growth rates) FAO, 2012
% growth in demand for livestock products 2000 - 2030 7 FAO, 2012
Animal source foods and global diets % calories from ASF/Day25201510 5 0 High Income SEA China SA SSA Countries FAO 2012
Per capita consumption of livestock products by regionMeat consumption grew 150% in South East Asia FAO: SOFA2009 10
LS Sector in ASEAN Unique Features for Policy Considerations Coexistence of a range of production systems 50-70% production from smallholders Mixed farming system Serge in export and domestic demand Vulnerability to diseases Feed Issues Nutrition, health and economic contributions
Key Policy Needs Livestock on agriculture policy agenda Need for cross sectorial collaboration: Health, Agriculture, Environment, Trade, Education Regional efforts Value chain approach Feed: attribute to 70-80% cost of production. Many S. E. Asian countries depending on imported feed. Resource Allocation
ILRI in the Region India Mali The Only CG center dedicated to LS research China Several CRPs are Laos implemented in SE Vietnam and SA. Nigeria A unique south- Sri Lanka Mozambique South (Asia-Africa) Kenya collaboration Thailand Ethiopia