Potential livestock value chain interventions for the LIVES project


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Presented by Dirk Hoekstra at the LIVES Research Planning Workshop, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 26-28 March 2013

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Potential livestock value chain interventions for the LIVES project

  1. 1. Potential livestock value chain interventions Dirk Hoekstra LIVES Research Planning Workshop Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 26-28 March 2013
  2. 2. Livestock value chain interventions• Production• Input/service supply interventions• Processing/marketing interventions• Livestock specific knowledge/capacity development interventions
  3. 3. Livestock production interventions• Breeds• Fodder• Health• Market oriented animal husbandry
  4. 4. Livestock input/service supply interventions• Multiplication systems for (improved) breeds• Veterinary drugs supply• Health services• Supply feeds, accessories
  5. 5. Improved breeds• Dairy – Peri - urban fluid milk system – crosses with exotics – Rural local butter system – crosses Jersey, Borana, Begait, Fogera• Small ruminants – Crosses with exotic breeds – Improved local breeds (through ram selection)• Large ruminants – Mainly male animals/oxen from improved dairy butter breeds within the same location or pastoral areas – crosses with Borana
  6. 6. Improved breeds• Poultry – Peri urban (semi) commercial system: exotic egg and broiler types – Rural semi commercial system: local breeds• Apiculture – No improved bees – some characterization is on-going by Holetta research)
  7. 7. Breed/animal multiplication and services• On farm reproduction (part of animal husbandry practices)• Specialized services – Private AI services (dairy/beef) – Hormone assisted mass insemination (dairy/beef) – Heifer breeding farms in rural areas(dairy) – Community breeding schemes (small ruminants) – Production day old chicks (poultry) – Pullet producers (poultry) – AI for poultry – Bee colony multiplication/AI (apiculture)
  8. 8. Fodder development interventions• Grazing area development – Enclosures, cut and carry, rotational use,fertilization, over sowing – Conservation of grasses (hay, silage)• Planted fodder – backyard, cropland, irrigation plot – Perennial grasses – Perennial and annual (rotational) legumes – Conservation (hay,silage)• Crop residues – Increase through cereal/pulses crop improvement (new varieties, feed/food) – Treatment – chopping, urea, molasses – Conservation (silage) – Use of horticultural crop residues (banana, leafy vegetables)
  9. 9. Input/service supply interventions for planted fodder development interventions• Management system communal grazing areas• Supply of forage seeds/ cuttings – FTCs – Private farmers – Linkages with regional/federal level seed suppliers• Mechanical chopping/bailing services
  10. 10. Market oriented animal husbandry• Animal reproduction – fertility management• Housing• Feeding and watering• Health – mortality• Waste management• Business scale• Timing• Quality• Animal identification/record keeping
  11. 11. Supply of inputs/services interventions for market oriented animal husbandry• District level coops and/or private shops stocking required inputs (feeds, drugs, accessories) using hub approach and agro dealership linkages• Community animal health worker system (dairy, large/small ruminants)• Women vaccination workers (pullets)• Credit products to purchase commercial inputs and scale up operations
  12. 12. Livestock processing/marketing interventions• Collective action to reduce sales/processing cost per unit of product (hub approach) – Milk collection centers – Women butter groups for home processing of local butter – Private/cooperative dairy processing: fluid milk/table butter (peri urban) and local butter in rural areas – Marketing groups large & small ruminants• Create linkages including contract farming – Dairy farmers/milk collection centers with processors – Apiculturist with export abattoirs/honey processors – Poultry/dairy producers with institutional consumers• Quality/food safety improvement – Milk/butter quality testing/payment – Slaughtering hygiene
  13. 13. Livestock & environment interventions• Utilization of manure for biogass production• Zoning of livestock production in peri urban areas• Create synergies between grazing areas development and apiculture• Fewer/higher producing animals to reduce methane emission
  14. 14. Livestock specific knowledge/capacity development interventions• Commodity specific platforms• Animal and forage husbandry training• Training individuals/communities in commodity specific service delivery and input production – Grazing area management – Community breeding schemes – Mass insemination – Health service delivery – Forage seed multiplication – Pullet production/day old chick production – Bee colony splitting• Training processors in food quality and safety
  15. 15. Equipment/supplies for market oriented livestock development for demonstration testing• Ear tags/chips• Electronic recording devices• E-readers• Mobile milking machines• Quality testing equipment• Heat detection devices• Hormones• Choppers/ bailers• Incubators• Bio gas electric generators/storage bags• Modern housing
  16. 16. Thank you