Producers/markets• Producers – Individually irrigated farms (self selected) – Farmers in irrigation schemes (not preselected)• Markets – Individual HH – Traders – Large scale fruit and vegetable growers – Supermarkets – Juice houses – Export ???
Potential irrigated crop interventions• On - farm – Crop production, water use• Input supply and services – Crops – Water• Marketing/processing
Production interventions• Increasing production, productivity and income of irrigated crop commodities – Distinguish between different farm types/systems and production interventions – Improved/marketed demanded varieties – Improved crop and water husbandry practices, including use of improved inputs/irrigation equipment, planting schedules, post harvest, quality – Increased irrigated area and percentage high value crops
Varieties• Fruits – Flesh/seed ratio - mango, avocado – Taste - all fruits – Productivity – all fruits – Early maturing – all fruits• Vegetables – Onion vs shallot – Productivity – all vegetables• Fodder – High value - protein rich – Productivity
Improved crop/water husbandry practices• Crop rotation – including annual fodder crops• Pest control• Staggered planting• Irrigation equipment/methods• Post harvest
Crop Input/service supply interventions• Linkages between federal/regional agri- business with village/district/zonal level agri- businesses – Irrigation equipment – Agro-chemicals• Linkages between federal/regional level suppliers of improved varieties with District level multipliers – Certification of producers of seed/seedlings
Processing and marketing interventions• Improved marketing and processing of crop products by district/zonal level cooperatives and private entrepreneurs – Introduction small scale processing and storage equipment – Bulking produce for marketing – Formation of collective structures marketing for producers (formal and informal) – Contract farming thru linkages
Processing and marketing interventions• Linkages between federal/regional agri- businesses with district level processors and traders – Fruit and vegetable whole sale – Selected supermarkets• Linkages between district/village level service providers and federal level service institutions – Crop prices (internet) – EXC and projects – Information – Associations (horticulture) and projects – Quality – Bureau of quality and standards/EIAR