The program will have as its centre three Research Themes.The three Research Themes are:1. Improved technologies to sustainably increase productivity and efficiency of livestock and fishproduction2. Development strategies for pro‐poor, gender‐equitable value chains for livestock and fish products3. Targeting, gender and impact assessment
CGIAR Livestock and Fish Research Program: Potential Synergies with LIVES project in Ethiopia Barbra Rischkowsky, ICARDA LIVES Research Planning Workshop Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 26-28 March 2013
Program Goal More milk, meat and fish by and for the poor To sustainably increase the productivity of small- scale livestock and fish systems To increase the availability and affordability of animal-source foods for poor consumers and, To reduce poverty through greater participation by the poor along the whole value chains for animal-source foods.
The approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impactWe propose an integrated value-chain approach for focused impact . . . R4D integrated to transform selected value chains for selected commodities in selected countries. Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers Value chain development team + research partners
Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact. . . combined with strategic cross-cutting platforms for scaling out. R4D integrated to transform selected value chains for selected commodities in selected countries. Consumers Major intervention with development partners Value chain development team + research partners Strategic Cross-cutting Platforms • Technology Generation • Market Innovation • Targeting & Impact INTERVENTIONS TO GLOBAL RESEARCH SCALE OUT REGIONALLY PUBLIC GOODS
Delivering Livestock + FishStructure: Integrated research themes Targeting, Gender, Impact assessment Value chain development Technology Development: − Genetics Consumers − Feeds − Health Commodity X in Country Y Cross-cutting: M&E, communications, capacity building
FOCUS: 9 Target Value Chains in 8 countries SHEEP & GOATS AQUACULTURE PIGS DAIRY
Criteria and rationale for choosing the commodities and countries Growth and market opportunity • Huge and increasing demand for the commodity • High potential to raise productivity and off-take rate in smallholder flocks Pro-poor potential • High number of poor smallholders and value chain actors involved in production • Good income opportunity for women headed households Researchable supply constraints • Shortage and fluctuation of feed supply • Poor animal hygiene and diseases (high lamb/kid mortality) • Lack of sustainable organizational structures for breeder and producer groups • Poor market infrastructure and institutional arrangements
Expected outputs from VCD in L&F Framework for situational analysis of the respective sectors Generic tools for rapid and in-depth VCA developed and tested for 3 commodities (dairy cattle, small ruminants and pigs) Tools for rapid integrated assessment of food safety and nutrition (in collaboration with CRP 4 Animal Health and Nutrition) Strategies for partnership development and involvement – innovation systems/platforms Strategies for outscaling developed (based on partnerships, targeting and impact assessment)
Expected outputs from Technology Development Open access databases (NIRS equations, feeds, successes and failures in technology development, AnGR) Tools for rapid assessment of feeding systems and feed intervention screening (FEAST and TechFit) Diagnostic toolkit for animal diseases Demand-driven solutions for feeding, breeding and animal health constraints identified in the VCs Vaccine development (PPR success story) Insights in genetics of adaptation (long-term)
Tanzania Dairy Cattle VC outputs in 2012 Formation of the Dairy Development Forum an informal mechanism for vertical coordination of field activities and co-creating solutions at national and milk-shed levels membership across all key public and private sector players in the dairy sector. Situational analysis report establishing a baseline for the sector Tools developed to identify potential interventions for improved dairy value chain performance Review of past successes and failures in dairy development interventions Potential interventions best bets for improved VC performance
Ethiopia Sheep and goat VC outputs Toolkit for rapid VCA for sheep and goat in Ethiopia By mid April 2013 for seven sheep and goat VC sites: Site descriptions, rapid VCA reports, draft intervention plans Cross-cutting research issues identified and prioritized Process of partnership development with different stakeholders Pilot breeding programs for smallholders developed and implemented Feeding system assessments and feed intervention screening tested at two sites
Identified constraints in Atsbi sheep Lack of awareness and skills on improved sheep production practices Feed shortage in quality and quantity and lack of planting material and forage seeds Unidentified and high incidence of disease and parasites Shortage of Animal health service delivery (drug supply, service availability, skills) Lack of vertical and horizontal linkages of sheep producers (missing linkage among producers and with other actors) Seasonality of supply of sheep Lack of supply of quality sheep: low dressing percentage, red offal often condemned due to disease and parasites
Expectations from LIVES (synergies) Joint research and intervention plans for shared sites (Atsbi sheep VC) Joint learning across sites for sheep and goat value chains in Ethiopia and dairy cattle VC across countries (including IPMS results) Outscaling of successful interventions developed by L & F Joint development of technical training courses related to action research Dialogue on pathways to impact Joint Development of Monitoring and Evaluation Systems Joint development of Communication strategies
CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish livestockfish.cgiar.org CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world.