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Knowledge to Action: ILRI’s role in pro-poor livestock research for development

Knowledge to Action: ILRI’s role in pro-poor livestock research for development



Presented by Bruce Scott at the 1st General Assembly of the Korea-Africa Food and Agriculture Cooperation Initiative, Addis Ababa, 30 March 2011.

Presented by Bruce Scott at the 1st General Assembly of the Korea-Africa Food and Agriculture Cooperation Initiative, Addis Ababa, 30 March 2011.



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    Knowledge to Action: ILRI’s role in pro-poor livestock research for development Knowledge to Action: ILRI’s role in pro-poor livestock research for development Presentation Transcript

    • Knowledge to Action : ILRI’s role in pro-poor livestock research for development Bruce Scott, Director of Partnerships and Communications 1st General Assembly of the Korea-Africa Food and Agriculture Cooperation Initiative Addis Ababa, 30 March 2011
    • ILRI’s Mission is
      • “ Livestock Research for poverty reduction”
      • Securing assets of the poor to reduce vulnerability
      • Increasing productivity to improve livelihoods
      • Markets opportunities to increase incomes of the poor as products, employees, market agents
    • ILRI Spearheading a New Way Forward
      • Value proposition
      • ILRI creates and integrates knowledge that enables diverse partners to innovate sustainable livestock-based pathways out of poverty.
    • Dynamic livestock sector
      • Livestock are the fastest growing part of the agricultural sector, a boom driven largely by an on-going L ivestock Revolution in emerging economies.
      • Doubling livestock production puts pressure on natural resources: water, land, biodiversity.
    • Livestock sector trends
      • A ‘supermarket revolution’ is setting higher standards for food quality and safety.
      • Market chains are lengthening, making it more difficult for small-scale producers to participate in markets.
    • ILRI’s niche in pro-poor livestock research
    • Livestock research enables 3 pathways out of poverty
      • Securing livestock assets of the poor to reduce their vulnerability.
      • Increasing livestock productivity to improve livelihoods.
      • Expanding livestock markets to increase incomes.
    • Why livestock matter in the new CGIAR
      • Potential of livestock to reduce poverty.
      • Potential of livestock to improve nutrition and health of the poor.
      • Threat of livestock ‘bads’ (methane emissions, emerging diseases, resource degradation).
    • ILRI Spearheading a New Way Forward KNOWLEDGE TO ACTION REDUCTING POVERTY, HUNGER AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION OUTCOMES OUTPUTS ACTIVITIES Research, core competencies and innovations systems framework DYNAMIC LIVESTOCK SECTOR Increasing demand in developing countries  More complex pathways and longer market chains  Supermarket revolution  Food safety demands  Pressure on natural resources to double livestock production
    • Science base
      • Core competencies
      • Livestock genetics, health and nutrition.
      • Biosciences, molecular biology and immunology.
      • Food safety, epidemiology and systems analysis.
      • Natural resources management.
      • Livestock economics and social sciences.
    • Research-for-development paradigm: knowledge to action
      • Agricultural systems based.
      • Biotechnology and ICTs as key levers.
      • Increasing private-sector involvement.
      • Innovation systems mindset.
      • Knowledge management and strategic communications.
      • Embedding research in development interventions.
    • Future directions and challenges
    • Sustainable intensification
      • In the face of increasing competition for diminishing land, biomass (e.g. biofuels) and other natural resources, sustainably intensify small-scale mixed crop-livestock systems by improving the system efficiencies of mixed smallholders, largely through better animal feed, health and genetics .
      • Make use of dairy ‘hubs’, where appropriate.
    • Reduce vulnerability
      • Identify livestock interventions that reduce the vulnerability of livestock-dependent households.
      • Understand relations between livestock systems and other ecosystem services.
      • Develop and deploy: − livestock vaccines − index-based livestock insurance − payments for ecosystem services rendered.
    • Adapt to, and reduce, climate change
      • Help develop livestock-based adaptations.
      • Assess growing trade-offs between livestock production and other ecosystem services.
      • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions from livestock.
      • Intensify ruminant production systems.
      • Sequester carbon in rangelands.
      • Better target livestock interventions.
    • Ensure food safety and market access
      • Address the sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) issues around growing market requirements for food safety and quality that are constraining market access by smallholders.
      • Develop appropriate smallholder dairy markets.
    • Control emerging zoonotic diseases
      • Combat bird flu and other emerging zoonoses (diseases shared by people and animals) in developing countries.
      • Understand and map the risks of zoonotic diseases emerging or re-emerging in given places and circumstances.
      • Predict and prevent outbreaks of zoonotic diseases (e.g. AVID project).
    • Develop livestock vaccines
      • Address the common problem of improving livestock immune responses to protozoan parasites.
      • Improve existing vaccines, e.g. for ECF (East Coast fever) and CBPP (contagious bovine pleuro-pneumonia).
      • Develop molecular approaches to problem-solving (e.g. build transgenic cows that resist trypanosomosis and other diseases).
    • Conserve and use animal genetic resources
      • Set priorities for livestock conservation.
      • Use appropriate conservation methods.
      • Make use of advanced reproductive technologies for fast deployment of improved genotypes.
      • Devise livestock breeding programs that suit smallholder farming systems.
    • Knowledge sharing and research platforms
      • ILRI develops and shares its knowledge with all its partners often through technology platforms, such as:
      • Biosciences eastern and central Africa (BecA) at ILRI headquarters in Nairobi.
      • Joint Laboratory for Livestock and Forage Genetic Resources (JLLFGR) at CAAS in Beijing.
      • Planned joint ILRI, EIAR and RDA training workshop
      • Title of the workshop will be “ Artificial insemination and embryo transfer in cattle ”
      • Proposed date of the event will fall in June 2011. Discussions are still underway of the determined number of days of the workshop.
      • The workshop will take place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
      • Participants will represent but not be limited to various pan-African countries
    • www.ilri.org