Are bats and rodents reservoirs of emerging zoonotic diseases?

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Poster by A. Kiyong'a, A. Cook, J.M. Akoko and E. Fèvre presented at the 47th annual scientific conference of the Kenya Veterinary Association, Mombasa, Kenya, 24-27 April 2013.

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Are bats and rodents reservoirs of emerging zoonotic diseases?

  1. 1. Are bats and rodents reservoirsof emerging zoonotic diseases?Alice Kiyong’a1, Annie Cook1,2 ,Akoko JM1,2 and Eric Fèvre1,21 International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Old Naivasha Road, PO Box 30709-00100, Nairobi, Kenya2Centre for Infectious Diseases and Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Laboratories,West Mains Rd, Edinburgh, EH9 3JT UKIntroduction• Bats and rodents are knownreservoirs for zoonotic diseases:Rabies, Ebola virus andLeptospiraObjectivesScreening blood smears from batsand rodents for zoonoticpathogens.JustificationEmerging zoonotic disease maycome from bats and rodents.Study site45 km radius fromBusia, KenyaMethods•Bats and rodentscaught from randomlyselected households•Bats caught in mistnets•Rodents caught inSherman traps•Heart blood collectedfor blood smear•Giemsa staining•Light microscopyConclusionHaemosporidia sp. and Trypanasome sp. identified in the bats androdents respectively require specification and further investigation todetermine whether they are transmissible to humans.SpeciestestedResultsBatsEpomophorus 4 positiveHaemosporidiaScotoecus 1 positiveTrypanosomeRodentsRattus 1 positiveTrypanosomeFigure A -D: Haemosporidia spDFigure E:Trypanosome spfrom ScotoecusFigure F:Trypanosome spfrom RattusSampleanalysisParasitologyA BCSpecies No.Bats•Chaerophon sp 56•Pipistrellus sp 15•Scotoecus sp 8•Taphozous sp 2•Epomophorus sp 8Rodents•Rattus sp 22•Mus sp 11•Graphiurus sp 7E FFigure G: Rattus sp

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