Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

IPMS innovative extension


Published on

Presented by Ranjitha Puskur at the Tigray Technology Exhibition, Tigray, Ethiopia, 13-14 March 2006.

Presented by Ranjitha Puskur at the Tigray Technology Exhibition, Tigray, Ethiopia, 13-14 March 2006.

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide
  • More holistic and facilitatory role
  • Transcript

    • 1. IPMS Innovative Extension Ranjitha Puskur Presented at Tigray Technology Exhibition 13-14 March 2006
    • 2. Role of extension
      • Key actors in agricultural innovation system
      • Major source of knowledge for farmers
      • Strong and wide grassroots presence
      • Pursuing market-oriented agricultural development following an ISA, requires extension to take on a transformed role - not just technology transfer
        • Extension – not just a service or a system, rather a knowledge and information support function
        • the new role has to evolve and be tested..
    • 3. While technology transfer is important..
      • Interrelationship between actors, intensive communication
        • include all those who contribute to innovation
        • Extension organisations should become the nodal point for linking farmers to both technology and non-technology services – creation of networks
      • New extension approaches need to emerge locally , based on experimentation, learning and adaptation to prevailing circumstances
        • Building on existing structures and strengths
        • “ Flexibility ” should be the mantra..
    • 4. To enable market-oriented development..
      • Envisaged functions of extension..
      • Move to commodity value chain approach
      • Help farmers respond to market signals by providing information on
        • Markets (prices, quantities, location, timing)
        • Market requirements (grades & standards, quality)
        • Technical market information (Post harvest handling/packaging, processing)
        • Prospective markets (new and alternative markets)
      • Acquire regular complete market intelligence
      • Establish marketing and agro-processing linkages between farmer groups, markets and private processors
      • Advise on product planning, benefits of direct marketing
    • 5. Farmer capacity building
      • Capacity building of farmers should be aimed at helping them respond to constantly evolving markets, in addition to improving production and productivity..
      • Organize commodity based farmer interest groups and build their capabilities to bargain, negotiate and understand market functions, stakeholder strategies and, price formation
      • Enhance interactive and communication skills of individual farmers to exchange views with customers and other market forces
      • Support to entrepreneurship
    • 6. Potential role of FTCs and DAs
      • Not just “ training ” centres – but “ knowledge ” centres
      • Multi-purpose sites where farmers
        • Can receive training and exposure to new production, processing and marketing technologies and management techniques
        • Can be facilitated to directly access available technical knowledge and market information
        • Get support to work collectively on marketing issues such as access to inputs and collective marketing of outputs
        • Get technical and other support for small scale agro-processing and post-harvest operations by households, farmer groups and co-ops
        • Are facilitated to forge linkages with markets and other services
    • 7. Optimal use of FTCs
      • Depends on..
      • Quality and relevance of services and training offered – ensured through community consultations
      • Technical and financial support to DAs
        • Effective linkages of FTCs with woreda level marketing and co-operative experts
      • Continuous upgrading of skills of DAs
      • Provision of adequate and relevant training and demonstration materials , both related to production and marketing and, their continuous updating
      • Effective inclusion of gender and HIV concerns in extension activities
    • 8. FTCs..
      • Important to pilot innovative approaches in few FTCs and scale up based on experiences and lessons learnt
        • Recognise value of diversity of approaches and arrangements – flexibility
        • No blue prints even for market-oriented extension support- recognising that market-orientation might not be possible in all woredas/PAs – e.g., food insecure woredas
    • 9. Interconnecting farmers using appropriate media
      • Use of appropriate technologies
      • Modern ICTs need significant initial and operating cost
      • Application should be considered along with more traditional extension methods
      • Address the problem of scale, complexity, and fiscal sustainability
      • Print with graphics and radio – appropriate and cost-effective for developing countries
      • Suitability of medium depends on the message, target audience, and social environment
    • 10. Rural Information and Knowledge System Multisource Multidisciplinary Information Development for Client & Media (Business, Market, Technical, Legal, Environmental) Information Sources Govt. Agencies Universities Ethiopian Research Academies Agricultural Institutions Input Suppliers Foreign Sources International Research Institutes Local/Foreign Data Banks Client Information Needs Assessment Print Radio Video Computer TV Exhibitions & Fairs Multimedia Multiusers Private Farms Co-operatives Government Agro Industries Consumers Feedback Feedback
    • 11. Opportunities
      • Commitment in principle
        • to decentralize,
        • to implementing participatory extension approaches,
        • to develop demand-driven extension and research services,
        • to co-operative development and improvement
      • Strong infrastructure of TVETs for capacity development of extension functionaries
    • 12. The way forward..
      • Need for a national/regional agriculture extension policy/framework and a strategy to institutionalize the changes
        • Changes in organisational cultures and professional attitudes – through action learning
        • “ Change agents” within the system and political commitment at a high level
        • Clear definitions of mandates and roles of functionaries at various levels
        • Review of incentive structures
    • 13. The way forward..
      • Making extension services/training demand-driven
        • Participatory Extension and market-oriented approaches need to be mainstreamed
          • Needs capacity development - integrate into TVET curriculum
      • Capacity development – staff and system
        • Not only training - but learning by doing , facilitated experimentation
        • Not only personnel and infrastructure – but development of linkages and networks
    • 14.
      • FTCs as knowledge centres – nodes for experiential learning
        • Stimulate a diversity of extension innovations that respond adaptively to local and evolving circumstances
        • Learn from experiences to distill principles for scaling up
      • Integration of HIV and gender concerns
        • Incorporate into TVET and university curricula
        • Incorporate short awareness sessions into all training programmes/courses
      The way forward..
    • 15. Critical role of M&E
      • Review the current M&E plan
      • Revise it to make it more learning oriented - move towards more innovative targets
        • Outcome monitoring and responsibility
      • Mainstream planning, implementation and M&E tools
      • Accountability to farmers or FAs - farmer control over R&E resources
    • 16.
      • Thank you..