112                  Informally marketed meat in South Africa                                                        A Qua...
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Informally marketed meat in South Africa: A qualitative risk assessment


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Poster prepared by Heeb, A., McCrindle, C.M.E., Valle Zarate, A., Ramrajh, S., Siegmund-Schultze, M. and Grace, D. for the 1st International Congress on Pathogens at the Human-Animal Interface (ICOPHAI): Impact, Limitations, and Needs in Developing Countries, Addis Ababa, 15-17 September 2011.

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Informally marketed meat in South Africa: A qualitative risk assessment

  1. 1. 112 Informally marketed meat in South Africa  A Qualitative risk assessmentHeeb A., McCrindle C.M.E., Valle Zárate A., Ramrajh S., Siegmund‐Schultze M., Kohei M., Grace D. Contact Details: Alexander Heeb, Semmelweg 95, 32257 Bünde, Germany. PH: 0049‐5223‐7920613, E‐Mail: redheeb@web.de RESULTS Prerequisites of informalINTRODUCTION Profile of informal meat traders  meat traders: (n=51):South Africa is characterized by strong (n=51): • mostly no access todisparities between the rich and the electricity (n=49), runningpoor (AERNI, 2002). water (n=46) and simpleStreet food is a source of inexpensive, cooling devices (e.g. coolconvenient, and nutritious food and is boxes, n = 37).especially important for the poor who • most traders need to bringlack resources to prepare meals at water from home (n=42).home. Domestically, South African game • mostly no cooling duringmeat products can be assumed to have a • most respondents were female  transport (n=38)promising potential as a valuable source (n=46) and street food vending was  • Slight majority used toof animal protein for the rural and urban primary activity (n=47). cover prepared products forpoor. • Grilling on fire was most often  display (n=27)The sale of food items on the street is practised (n=33). Microbiological Quality ofcommonly practiced in many countries • Most traders offered either beef or  meat samples:of the developing world that are chicken or both (n=48). • The majority of raw meatcharacterized by limited formal • Raw stock mostly derived formally  samples was unsatisfactory.employment opportunities and rapid (n=48). • Informally traded preparedurbanization. Identified risks and hazards meat can be assumed to beIn the developing world, street food safe for consumption (only 1vending is an important source of case of coliform detection).employment (DAWSON and CANET,1991). Description of hazard Level of risk SUMMARYMore importantly, it is an important Informal marketing of meet Insufficient knowledge of  provides both income tosource of income for lowly educated recognized meat hygiene people in these countries (UMOH and practices results in  likely traders and nutritious foodsODOBA, 1999) and for women in unacceptable  to urban consumers.particular (UMOH and ODOBA, 1999, microbiological quality Although infrastructure isDAWSON and CANET, 1991). very poor, the quality ofIn South Africa, the sale of ready‐to‐eat cooked products wasfoods at locations such as public Limited availability of  reasonably good.transport centres and “taxi ranks” (taxi basic prerequisites for  Participants identified key food safety maintenance  highly likely constraints which wouldstations) is widely common (MOSUPYE results in unacceptable and VON HOLY, 2000). microbiological quality enable them to improve their operations and these are alsoMATERIALS AND METHODS likely to improve meat• Participatory risk assessment. Lack of hygiene facilitates  safety.• Survey with n = 51 informal meat  accumulation of food‐ likely REFERENCES borne pathogens AERNI P, 2002. Public attitudes towards agriculturaltraders using  a structured  biotechnology in South Africa. Final report, a joint research project of the Center of Internationalquestionnaire and a structured  Development (CID). Harvard University, USA, andobservation sheet.  Unsanitary surroundings  the Southern African Labour and Development Research Unit (SALDRU), University of Cape Town,• Microbiological analysis of meat  cause contamination of  South Africa. DAWSON RJ and CANET C, 1991. likely International activities in street foods, Food Controlsamples.  businesses premises with  2 (3): 135‐139. MOSUPYE FM and VON HOLY A,• Game meat cooking experiment. food‐borne pathogens 2000. Microbial hazard identification and exposure assessment of street food vending in• Research Area: Kwazulu‐Natal  Johannesburg/South Africa. International Journal of Food Microbiology 61 (2/3): 137‐145. UMOH VJ(Survey), Pretoria  (Game meat cooking  Prerequisites are the major and ODOBA MB, 1999. Safety and qualityexperiment). problem to food safety! evaluation of street foods in Zaria/Nigeria. Food control 10 (1): 9‐14.