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Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building
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Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project: A model for research and capacity building

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Presentation by Nancy Johnson at the 28th triennial conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE), Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, 18-24 August 2012.

Presentation by Nancy Johnson at the 28th triennial conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE), Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, 18-24 August 2012.

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  • 1. Gender, Agriculture and Assets Project:A model for research & capacity building Nancy Johnson, International Livestock Research Institute on behalf of GAAP team Organized Symposium on “Innovations in methods for analyzing the gender-asset gap in agriculture” IAAE Foz do Iguaçu August 22, 2012  
  • 2. Goals of GAAPWorks with agricultural development projects in SSA and SA to:   Generate evidence on the role of assets in  projects and the impacts of projects on  women’s assets and the gender‐asset gap  Build capacity among project implementers  and project evaluators to incorporate gender  and assets in their work   
  • 3. GAAP Partners
  • 4. Mid-term Workshop BRAC, Nov 2011
  • 5. Outline• Conceptual framework • Methods for evaluation • Methods for capacity building 
  • 6. Why have a conceptual framework? Photo credit: Agnes Quisumbing 
  • 7. Why have a conceptual framework?• To clarify HOW:   Gendered asset distribution affects outcomes   Outcomes of agricultural programs differ by gender   Building assets takes place in a way that is gendered   • To guide attention to key processes for  evaluation • To provide a basis for comparison and learning  across different case studies  • To offer an organizing frame for synthesis  
  • 8. Context: Ecological, Social, Economic, Political factors, etc.  Shocks  Consumption  Livelihood Assets  Strategies  Full Incomes  Well‐being  Savings/  Investment  Legend:  Women  Joint  Men 
  • 9. Each component is gendered   Women’s   JOINT  Men’s     • Women and men have separate assets, activities, consumption, etc. • Households also have some joint assets, activities, consumption, etc. • Shading of each component as a reminder that we need to consider  gender—separation and jointness in each • Meinzen‐Dick et al, 2011, Gender, Assets, and Agricultural  Development Programs: A Conceptual Framework,” CAPRi Working  Paper No. 99. http://dx.doi.org/10.2499/CAPRiWP99    
  • 10. Assets Natural Physical HumanFinancial  Social Political
  • 11. Mapping projects to the frameworkAsset distribution Shocks (eg land, livestock,training, supportto groups) Consumption  Livelihood  Assets  Strategies  Full Incomes  Well‐being  Savings/  Investment  Question: Who gets the asset and what implications for that have for LS, well being and the gender-asset gap?
  • 12. Mapping projects to the framework Promotion of new/ improved Shocks  livelihoods strategies (technologies, businesses) Consumption  Livelihood  Assets  Strategies  Full Incomes  Well‐being  Savings/  Investment Questions: What assets are required to adopt? How doesadoption affect outcomes, well being and the G-A gap?
  • 13. Evaluation approach: Mixed methodsAll projects had quantitative baseline surveys, but variables not gender disaggregated  GAAP complemented existing surveys with new  modules and/or rounds of data collection  Few projects planned qualitative analysis as part of their evaluations  GAAP funded qualitative work on the meaning and  importance of assets to men and women, and the  links between assets, project activities, and outcomes    
  • 14. Modifications to quant surveysNew or revised modules: Full household roster (including cows in one case!) Gender disaggregation in:• Assets (current and retrospective)• Labor• Control over key inputs, outputs, income Didn’t always ask men and women http://gaap.ifpri.info
  • 15. Qualitative• Mainly focus group discussions• Depending on dates, purpose was to inform quantitative and explore project impacts and evaluation findings
  • 16.          Own‐project funded  With GAAP support Name of project/  Intervention and  Compari Baseline and other quant  Qual  Qual work  Endline country  definition of  son  surveys  treatment group  group BRAC: Challenging  Grants of  RCT  Baseline: May‐Dec 2007  ‐  Feb‐Jun  Quant add‐on Frontiers of Poverty  livestock, land,  (26,977 households sampled);  2011  survey with Reduction‐Targeting  or funds,  1st follow‐up: Jul‐Dec 2009;     gender/assets Ultra Poor  training;  2nd follow‐up: Mar‐Jul 2011  focus: Jan‐Apr (Bangladesh)  2012 CARE‐BD:  Organizes/  PSM  Quant including sex‐ Jan 2011  Sept 2011  Endline  planned  Strengthening Dairy  trains dairy  disaggregated asset module:        for Sep‐Oct 2012 Value Chain  farmer groups,  Baseline in 2008 (1,500  Nov‐Dec     group leaders, (Bangladesh)  households sampled)  2012  milk collectors,  and livestock        health workers    LOL: Mozambique  Transfer of dairy  Early v  Baseline 2009 and endline in  Apr‐May  Midline conductedDairy Production  cows; training  late  2012 (~650 hh) and endline  2011  2011  recipient  2012 HKI: Homestead  Training through:  RCT  Baseline in 2010     Operations  Gender‐assets Food Production  (1) farmers  2011; Social network census,  research  modules in endline(Burkina Faso)  groups; or (2)  Operations research  2012  2012  grandmothers 
  • 17.          Own‐project funded  With GAAP support Name of  Intervention and  Comparison  Quant  Qual  Qual  Endline project/country  treatment group  group HPlus: Reaching  Providing vines,  extension  Randomized  Baseline 2007     Qual work  Social End User program  messages, and nutrition  control trial  Endline 2009  2011  network of Orange Sweet  messages to farmers  Social network survey  survey (add Potato (Uganda)  groups (intense/less  2011  on)  intense)  KS: Treadle pumps  Market driven  Comparison  Baseline June‐Nov  May 2011.    (Tanzania, Kenya)  intervention, treadle  of early vs  2010, 6 month follow  pumps for micro‐irrigation  late buyers  up for anthro Jan‐Feb  2011 in Kenya only.  (~615 hhlds /cohort ) Cereal Systems in  Resource‐conserving  Nearby  Baseline in 2010 (~350)     Qual work in  Midline in South Asia (CSISA  technologies provided in  villages, non‐ 2011  2012 (India)  CSISA hubs  adopter  households  (likely 2‐ stage  regression) Landesa (India)  Regularization of land  PSM (likely)  Baseline between June     August‐Sept  Midline  titles  2010‐July 2011.  2012  (funded by  Microplots (Odisha),  Baseline in WB is  GAAP) will  purchase and allocation of  ‘rolling’ meaning after  take place in  land (WB)  title but before move  Sept‐Oct  (T=803, C = 570),  2012  Baseline in Odisha, T =  551, C = 789. 
  • 18. Some emerging findings• Jointness of ownership and control is very  nuanced and very important • Project investments in women’s human and  social capital may have direct and indirect  impacts • Need to involve men in projects that target  resources to women • Many agricultural development projects  increase women’s workload   
  • 19. Experience of working with development projects• Generally positive, and not related to  direction of impacts  • Some documented uptake of methods and  lessons in new projects, by implementers and  evaluation partners • Commissioning an evaluation of the impact of  capacity building impacts of GAAP (ALINe) • Will produce a “Practitioners guide” that will  update Quisumbing and McClafferty, 2006   

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