Prioritising interventions in the Humidtropics using EXTRAPOLATE

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Presented by Timothy Robinson and Peter Thorne at the Humidtropics Capacity Development Workshop, Nairobi, 29 April–2 May 2014

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Prioritising interventions in the Humidtropics using EXTRAPOLATE

  1. 1. Prioritising interventions in the Humidtropics using EXTRAPOLATE Humidtropics capacity development workshop, Nairobi, 29 April – 2 May 2014 http://humidtropics.cgiar.org/ Timothy Robinson and Peter Thorne
  2. 2. Biophysical Socio-cultural Economic Institutional Political R4D and Innovation Platforms SRT 1 • Situational analysis • Baselines & typologies • Entry points • Global synthesis SRT 2 • Policies, markets and institutions • Productivity • NRM SRT 3 • Institutional innovation capacity • Responsible scaling Globalsynthesisandlearning Entry points SRT 1 in Context External environment Selected interventions
  3. 3. 1.1 Situation analysis 1.2 Baseline & typologies 1.3 Entry points 1.4 Global synthesis Objective: To identify a sequence of entry points at a range of scales and levels focusing on farming systems productivity, gender, markets, natural resource management, policy and institutions. Systems Analysis and Global Synthesis Entry points
  4. 4. • Multidimensional in nature • Three ways to achieve that • Interventions that target system components – with a view to the wider consequences • Interventions targetting integration specifically – e.g. crop-livestock interactions, intercropping • Combinations of interventions targetting systems performance – accounting for tradeoffs and synergies Terminology Entry point Intervention Best-bet Best-fit Entry points What are ‘system-level’ entry points?
  5. 5. Slow track: systems analysis of detailed household data; systems optimisation Fast track: PRA approaches; ex-ante analysis • EXTRAPOLATE: Ex-ante tool for ranking (policy) alternatives • RAAIS: Rapid Appraisal of Agricultural Innovation Systems Entry points
  6. 6. • We are trying to understand how we get from an ‘entry point’ or ‘intervention’ of some sort (e.g. policy, institutional, technical) to an impact on the livelihoods of stakeholders (as measured by IDO indicators). • To do this we break the pathway of impact down: Intervention Constraints Outcomes Stakeholder What are we trying to address?
  7. 7. • Designed for policy interventions (PPLPI) but equally applicable to technical and systems interventions • Simple PC-based programme • Promotes a participatory approach – R4D / innovation platforms • Easy to use, well documented • User Guide • Reference Manual • Not data-intensive • Simple graphic output • Can evaluate different combinations of policies • Can be used at a range of levels EXTRAPOLATE
  8. 8. EXTRAPOLATE
  9. 9. Elements • Stakeholders (with livelihood scores) • Outcomes • Constraints • Entry Points (interventions) Linkages • Impact (-5 to +5) • outcomes on stakeholder livelihoods • constraints on outcomes • entry points on constraints • Relevance (0 to 9) • relevance of constraints to stakeholders • relevance of entry points to outcomes EXTRAPOLATE: Elements and links
  10. 10. EXTRAPOLATE: Current situation
  11. 11. c2 c3 c1 s1 s2 s3 Score: 1 to 9 8 0 5 o2 o3 o1 s1 s2 s3 c2 c3 c1 o1 o2 o3 EXTRAPOLATE: Current situation Score: -5 to +5
  12. 12. EXTRAPOLATE: Interventions
  13. 13. e2 e3 e1 o1 o2 o3 Score: 1 to 9 0 9 1 Score: -5 to +5 e2 e3 e1 c1 c2 c3 EXTRAPOLATE: Interventions
  14. 14. Interventions People’s livelihoods EXTRAPOLATE
  15. 15. Policy analysis • Analyse the effects of existing policies on different groups of producers and consumers • Predict the impact of changing institutional and market environments on existing policy outcomes • Predict the impact of policy changes on different groups of livestock producers and consumers
  16. 16. The challenge for dairy policy in Uganda • To ensure that smallholders’ constraints are addressed • policies based on equity, rather than just on profitability • To ensure that marginalized groups are represented • addressing the needs of the informal sector
  17. 17. Dairy development policy: Uganda • Promote genetic improvement • Strengthen delivery of veterinary services • Provide appropriate extension services • Improved market infrastructure and information • Ensure quality control along the chain • Increase local consumption to build a strong domestic market • Promote efficiency in the input supply system • Increased access to credit facilities Proposed components of policy:
  18. 18. EXTRAPOLATE – analysis tools Small-medium producers Pastoralists and agro-pastoralists Small processors & traders Poor consumers Wealthy producers/processors/consumers
  19. 19. Promote genetic improvement Small-medium producers Pastoralists and agro-pastoralists
  20. 20. Enforce quality control Small-medium producers Pastoralists and agro-pastoralists
  21. 21. Optimal combination of policies
  22. 22. Key elements of a pro-poor policy • Promote genetic improvement • Strengthen delivery of veterinary services • Provide appropriate extension services • Improved market infrastructure and information • Ensure quality control along the chain • Increase local consumption to build a strong domestic market • Promote efficiency in the input supply system • Increased access to credit facilities
  23. 23. Key elements of a pro-poor policy • This does NOT mean that genetic improvement and standards/regulation should be discouraged or dropped from the policy document • Rather that when these broad policy outcomes are disaggregated into their component parts (laws, strategies, institutions etc.) care needs to be taken to ensure that the poorer producers are not disadvantaged, and that their needs are also addressed
  24. 24. The process • Define stakeholders • Assign livelihoods • List constraints • Identify outcomes • Impact of outcomes on stakeholder livelihoods • Impact of constraints on outcomes • Relevance of constraints to stakeholders • Identify interventions (entry points) • Impact of interventions on constraints • Relevance of interventions to outcomes
  25. 25. Where are with EXTRAPOLATE • Adapted EXTRAPOLATE to the Humidtropics • Initial training and workshop for W. Kenya Action Site (Kisumu, Nov 2013) • Conducted a training for trainers (Zanzibar, Mar 2014) • L&F Tanzania (Dairy VC) • L&F Uganda (Pig VC) • Humidtropics – W. Kenya Action Site • Humidtropics – Uganda Action Site • Humidtropics – Ethiopia Action Site • Initial training and workshop for Uganda Action Site (Kampala, May 2014) • Develop training materials (May-Sep 2014) • Develop software, including facilities for translation – Vietnamese, French (May-Sep 2014) • Introduce to three Action Sites in the C. Mekong (Oct-Dec 2014)

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