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Safe Food, Fair Food: Summary of findings on gender-related issues within sheep and goat value chains in Ethiopia
 

Safe Food, Fair Food: Summary of findings on gender-related issues within sheep and goat value chains in Ethiopia

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Presented by Tamsin Dewé, Barbara Rischkowsky, Kristina Rösel, Delia Grace at the Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013

Presented by Tamsin Dewé, Barbara Rischkowsky, Kristina Rösel, Delia Grace at the Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013


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    Safe Food, Fair Food: Summary of findings on gender-related issues within sheep and goat value chains in Ethiopia Safe Food, Fair Food: Summary of findings on gender-related issues within sheep and goat value chains in Ethiopia Presentation Transcript

    • Safe Food, Fair Food: Summary of findings on gender-related issues within sheep and goat value chains in Ethiopia Tamsin Dewé, Barbara Rischkowsky, Kristina Rösel, Delia Grace Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013
    • Safe Food, Fair Food  Protecting the health of poor consumers and  Safeguarding livelihoods of poor livestock keepers and other value chain actors
    • Background  Looking at risks to food safety and nutrition within sheep and goat value chains  Trying to identify opportunities for further research and intervention  Ultimate goal is to ensure adequate intake of safe and nutritious foods, while protecting the livelihoods of poor value chain actors
    • Study sites in Ethiopia # VCs District Sites/villages/ communities Region Highlands 1 Sheep 1 Atsbi 1. Tigray Doyogena 2. Golgol na’ele 1. Serea SNNP Menz 2. Bkafa 1. Molale Amhara Horro/Shambu 2. Mehal Meda 1. Gitlo Oromia Abergelle 2. Lakku Iggu 1. Sazba (Amhara) 2 Sheep 2 3 Sheep 3 4 Sheep 4 5 Goat 1 Habes 2. Felegehiwot (Tigray) Lowlands 6 Goat 2 Yabello (Borana) 7 Goat/Sheep Shinelle Amhara/ Tigray 1. Eleweya Oromia 2. 1. Darito Gad Somalia 2. Degah Jebis
    • Activities  Rapid assessment conducted at each site – Participatory rural appraisals (PRAs) with producer and consumer groups – Focus group discussions (FGDs) with mothers of young children  Topics included animal health, consumption patterns, food preparation, and perceptions of quality and safety of sheep and goat meat and milk
    • Results  Food preparation exclusively by women • Cooking indoors over fire exposes women and girls to potentially toxic fumes
    • Results  Men are given better meat cuts to give them strength for work  Preferential feeding of red meat and liver to pregnant women – To prevent anemia and nutritional deficiency  Consumption of raw meat and milk also reported for pregnant women – Risk to mother and fetus
    • Results  Cultural taboo against women drinking whole milk in Abergelle – Makes women crazy, difficult to handle – Early onset of puberty in girls  Women consume butter and use it as cosmetics
    • Results Summary of gender-related consumption practices Site Abergelle Amhara Women Men preferentially given high-quality cuts Women do not consume whole milk Women more likely to consume butter (which is also used externally for hair and skin) Abergelle Tigray Men preferentially given high-quality cuts Women do not consume whole milk Women more likely to consume butter (which is also used externally for hair and skin) Pregnant women prefer liver and kidney Atsbi Collection of small pieces from each part of the animal given to women for health Women use butter for cosmetics Borena Doyogena Horro Pregnant women prefer red meat and liver Pregnant women prefer liver or dulet Either no difference between the genders, or women prefer red meat, liver and intestines Menz Shinelle Women prefer to avoid fat Women use butter as cosmetics Pregnant women prefer sheep and goat milk
    • Results Division of labor in sheep and goat management, Alaba (SNNP) Responsibility Task Flock herding Cut-and-carry grasses/browses Watering flock Clean flock barn Cares for young flock Fattening management Treat sick flock Milk goats Process goat milk Sale sheep and goats at markets Decide on use of proceeds Owner of the flocks Men 32.1 Women 12.3 Boys 45.8 Girls 8.3 Hired labor 1.4 29.5 40.3 – 20.6 43.1 85 – – 33.8 12.4 66 44.9 34.8 1.8 80.4 67.1 25.9 45.6 2.9 26.6 17.2 13.2 – – 9.5 1.3 31.1 7.9 4.5 – 19.6 32.9 1.3 0.4 – – 0.4 – – – 82.2 5.2 12.6 – – 73.7 68.2 20.2 29 6.1 2.8 – – – – Solomon Gizaw, Azage Tegegne, Berhanu Gebremedhin and Dirk Hoekstra. Improving sheep and goat production and marketing systems in Ethiopia: Characteristics and strategies for improvement. IPMS working paper No 23.
    • Conclusions  Gender roles may have large influence on health and nutrition risks – Further research needed  Low level of consumption of ASF due to economic constraints and religious practices  Major risk in this value chain is nutritional deficiency – Protein, iron, zinc, vitamins A and B12
    • Safe Food, Fair Food  Tamsin Dewé, Consultant tamsindewe@gmail.com  Kristina Rösel, Project Co-Ordinator k.rosel@cgiar.org All photo credits to ILRI/ Tamsin Dewé unless otherwise indicated