Update on livestock and fish genetics component 1.2
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Update on livestock and fish genetics component 1.2

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Presented by Okeyo Mwai at the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning meeting, Nairobi, 27-29 September 2011

Presented by Okeyo Mwai at the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning meeting, Nairobi, 27-29 September 2011

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    Update on livestock and fish genetics component 1.2 Update on livestock and fish genetics component 1.2 Presentation Transcript

    • Update on Livestock and fish genetics CRP 3.7 component 1.2 ComponentOkeyo MwaiAnimal Health 1.1: (ILRI) CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning Meeting ILRI Nairobi 27-29 September 2011
    • Objectives1. To identify breeds/breed combinations that best match the existing production systems & future market needs2. To assess options for improving and delivering the breeds/ breed combinations identified for given systems & VCs
    • Approach1. Assess existing organizational & institutional constrains constraints2. Map key actors & systems opportunities3. Define breeding goals & selection traits for: - short term (current consumer needs/preferences - Future markets and VCs4. Thro simulations assess market & production scenarios and breeding plan options5. Build/facilitate partnerships to efficiently deliver breeding services & related support services (e.g recording/feedback systems)6. Develop/support organizational frameworks that allow progress monitoring and feedback systems
    • Approach cont..Smart application of Genomic Tools & Assisted Rep. Technologies (ARTs) 1. Transgenics (e.g. the APO1 gene ) 2. Genomic hybridization (e.g. yak & cattle) 3. Molecular hybridization (borrowing from the wild through comparative genomic analyses) 4. Use of sexed semen, in-vitro-fertilization and embryo transfers
    • Impact pathwayBuild on existing knowledge,on-going activities & partnershipsto deliver on new goals Use new innovation platforms to focus on needed technologies and partnerships Promote and advocate for mainstreaming institutional/organiz ational structures & policies that best utilize the technologies
    • Overall outcomeImproved productivity
    • Current Activities & ResourcesOverall Okeyo. A.M. & S. KempEthiopia Development of sheep breeding program and recording systems (J. Ojango/Okeyo, A.M.) LIVES: (Tadelle Dessie)Mali PROGEBE: development of breeding plans for endemic small ruminant breeds (Karen Marshall)Tanzania EADD*: Recording and feedback systems to support dairy cattle breeding (J. Ojango)Vietnam GEF: Characterization of indigenous pig breeds and their wild relatives and development of decision support tools for their sustainable use (Okeyo, A.M., H. Jianlin, R. Bett)Uganda/Ken EADD: Recording and feedback systems to support dairy cattle breeding (J.ya Ojango)Kenya/Ugan DGEA: Indentifying appropriate dairy cattle genetics and development ofda business model to deliver them to farmers (D. Mujibi, J. Ojango, I. Baltenweck, J. Rao)
    • Current Activities & Resources cont..Overall Okeyo. A.M. & S. KempEthiopia Analysing functional genomic markers related to tolerance of Ethiopian indigenous chicken to abiotic factors (Tadelle Dessie, S. Kemp.)Mali PROGEBE: development of breeding plans for endemic small ruminant breeds (Karen Marshall)Kenya BREAD-The Magic Cow: Introgressing the APO1 gene into cattle through transgenesis (Yumi & S. Kemp)KenyaKenya ILRI-SLU: Assessment of organizational and institutional structures and frameworks and recording systems for the Red Maasai sheep in Kenya (Okeyo, A.M & J. Ojango)Others AUSAID –Characterization and development of breeding programs for Guinea pigs in DRC, Tanzania and Cameroon (Okeyo, A.M & J. Ojango) GEF: Characterization and development of decision support tools for sustainable use of indigenous goats in Bangladesh and Pakistan, and indigenous chicken and their wild relatives in Sri Lanka and Vietnam (H. Jianlin, I. Baltenweck, R. Bett and Okeyo, A.M
    • 2.2 Value Chain Assessment Staff & RolesQuantitative geneticists and animal breeders: K. Marshall, J. Ojango, A.Okeyo (2 more positions to be recruited * (* one based in Ethiopia and onein Mali??)Molecular geneticists and Statistical geneticists: D. Tadelle, D. MujibiEconomist: J. RaoReproductive physiologists: 2 recruitments needed* (*to undertake relatedassisted reproduction research for cattle in Nairobi lab)
    • Proposed Intermediate Outcomes1. Development and adoption of genetically improved fish strains2. Better use of indigenous livestock and their crosses3. Increased use of better information to inform breed choice decisions for women, poor smallholders, producer organizations in the target VCs
    • Proposed Priority Outcomes & Outputs 2012 2013 2014Outcomes Stakeholders agree on key Host country partners are Some genomic breeding research gaps and able to use the databases, tools being used priorities for the target VCs performance recording and to inform feedback systems breeding decisionsResearch 1. Potential interventions 1. Data bases & feedback 1. OrganizationalOutputs relating to breeding plans & systems established for and institutional services identified for sheep and dairy cattle frameworks selected VCs breeding programs developed for delivery of 2. Performance recording and 2. Alternative breeding desired breeds, feedback systems plans for different including using established & adapted and markets and selected ART & for the Small ruminant and production scenarios genomic techs dairy cattle for smallholder for target VCs programs in Ethiopia and Tanzania 3. DNA, tissue etc. bio-banks established for selected breeds and wild relatives
    • Key PartnersOverall SLU-Sweden, BOKU,-Austria, University of Liverpool, Nottingham University, Roslyn Institute, USDA, University of New England, EMBRAPA, RDA-RSK, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences , ICARDAVietnam NIAEthiopia EIARMali ECOFIL (IER), CORAF, ECOWASTanzania Sokoine Univ of Agriculture, National Agricultural Research Institute, ASARECAIndia ?Uganda Makerere Univ., ASARECA, NAGRCKenya University of Nairobi, Ministry of Livestock Development, Egerton University, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agric. & Tech, Marine & Fisheries Research InstitutesNicaragua ?Other
    • Priorities for Resource Mobilization 2012 2013 2014Research 1. Assessments of potential 1. Genomic tools toOutputs interventions relating to support breeding and breeding plans & services for conservation selected VCs 2. Alternative breeding plans for different 2. Performance recording and markets and established & adapted for 1 production scenarios VCs and ready for use for target VCs decisions 3. Feedback for genetic evaluation and monitoring for small ruminant VC established
    • 2012 Priorities for Organizational, Capacity Development and Communication Activities Recruit: • 2 additional quantitative/statistical geneticist for Ethiopia and Mali VCS • 1 Reproduction physiologists, 1 genomics scientist for fish and livestock genomic research (Nairobi), and 1 Production systems expert Beef up team to respond to CRP needs Identify and develop new partnerships to facilitate implementation and ensure overall impact of desired genetics and breeding research in the target VCs Capacity building training and workshops for partners on definition of breeding goals and design of breeding plans and monitoring of progress Develop team level communication strategy to fit the overall CRP 3.7 communication strategy Refocus capacity building strategy to ensure sustained delivery of outputs/outcomes for the target VCs