Generating carbon credits from the Kenyan dairy industry: A pilot study

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Presented by Simon Fraval at the Pilot project on the feasibility of generating carbon credit through dairy productivity gains Second Project Stakeholder Consultation Workshop, Nairobi, Kenya, 29 …

Presented by Simon Fraval at the Pilot project on the feasibility of generating carbon credit through dairy productivity gains Second Project Stakeholder Consultation Workshop, Nairobi, Kenya, 29 January 2013

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  • 1. Generating carbon credits from the Kenyan dairy industry: A pilot study Pilot project on the feasibility of generating carbon credit through dairy productivity gains Second Project Stakeholder Consultation Workshop, Nairobi, Kenya, 29 January 2013 Simon Fraval (ILRI)
  • 2. Project conceptIncreased productivitygenerates less Funds supportemissions per unit of Measuring reductions farmers’ efforts tomilk decrease emissions in emissions and•Feeding for milk yield meeting a buyer’s through productivity•Feed additives for emission needs gains reduction •Site selection •Providing credit for input•Waste management procurement•Herd management. •Developing methodology •Funding for extension Including: milker •Baseline studies officers replacement and •Verifying emissions retirement, genetics, and •Advertising to buyers animal health After pilot project completion, assess viability for other sites
  • 3. Time frame Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Site selection Feasibility study Methodology development Baseline study Buyer Negotiations Intervention Monitoring and evaluation Pilot review Completed Site selection commenced To be completed September, 2012
  • 4. Progress to-date• Scoping study and country selection• Forming a partnership between FAO, MLD and ILRI.• Stakeholder workshop with Kenyan ministries and development partners• Site selection shortlisting• Methodology development• Discussions with buyers
  • 5. Site selection
  • 6. District shortlistingResources•Global Biomass Optimization Model (GLOBIOM)•Milk density extrapolations, basedon 2001 household survey data(2005). ILRI data•MoLD census data Provincial summaries of livestock population statistics for 2009 (000 head)•Disease, milk deficit, herd size PROVINCE CATTLE PROVINCE CATTLE PROVINCE CATTLE CENTRAL N/EASTERN Rift Valley 7449.8 Nyandarua North 122.0 Garissa 266.9 Nyanza 1748.7 Nyandarua South 110.1 Lagdera 197.8 Western 1063.5 Nyeri North 128.2 Fafi 86.3 Nairobi 54.5 Nyeri South 94.1 Ijara 352.6 Eastern 2260.1 Kirinyaga 144.1 Wajir South 331.5 Coast 960 Muranga North 102.6 Wajir North 189.7 Muranga South 112.2 Wajir East 159.8 Kiambaa 28.8 Wajir West 113.5 Kikuyu 32.8 Mandera Central 467.7 Kiambu West 22.5 Mandera East 306.8 Lari 34.9 Mandera West 302.5 Githunguri 57.0 TOTAL 2775.2 Thika East 21.2 Thika West 17.3 Ruiru 16.5 Gatanga 28.5 Gatundu 53.4 TOTAL 1125.9
  • 7. Focus geographical areas•Bomet, Kericho, western Nakuru, southern Keiyo-marakwet, Uasin-Gishu, Nandi andwestern Nyandarua.
  • 8. Active hubs for assessment
  • 9. Hub selectionResources:Existing data on 17 EADD hubsPrimary data collection from non-EADD hubsNon-EADD sites: 39Interviewed: 13
  • 10. Hub selection - EADD resultsFour sets of selection criteria used, becomingprogressively more ‘relaxed’:•S1: Chepkorio, Kipkelion and Ol Kalou•S2: Tanykina•S3: Olenguruone•S4: Kabiyet and Siongiroi
  • 11. Hub selection - Non-EADD- Checklist- Semi-structured- Time ranging from ½ hour to two hoursHub level data collection Hub name Data collected by Interviewee(s) Date Data reviewed byBackground District Site name Address GPS co-ordinates (if possible) Year Registered Number of members Number of suppliers Number of milking cows Chilling capacity Estimated volume received in September 2011 to October 2012 (monthly) Number of employeesGenetics Estimate of total milking zebu/Local Estimate of total milking cross breeds Estimate of total milking pure dairy breeds Has a breeding plan been developed and implemented Yes No Partially Does the hub provide AI services or contract AI services Yes No Adoption of AI (% of registered farmers using A.I service in the last 12 months) >80% 61 to 80% 41 to 60% 21 to 40 <20%Nutrition
  • 12. Interviewed Non-EADD Interviewed Others
  • 13. Hub selection - Shortlisted Shortlisted Others
  • 14. Hub selection – screening summary No farmer interaction Infancy Insufficient governance or administrative structures Future potential Shortlisted N=30On-going process identifying limitations with working withshortlisted hubs.
  • 15. Hub selection – shortlist1) Kabiyet2) Tanykina3) Onesimus (Non-EADD stage gated)4) Ol Kalou5) Siongiroi6) Chepkorio7) Muki (Unconfirmed)The opportunity to host the pilot project can betendered out by the Ministry of Co-operativeDevelopment
  • 16. From selection to pilot
  • 17. Next steps Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov DecSite selectionFeasibility studyMethodology developmentBaseline studyBuyer Negotiations Stakeholder workshop. 29/1/2013InterventionMonitoring and evaluationPilot review Completed Site selection commenced September, To be completed 2012
  • 18. Thank you s.fraval@cgiar.org