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From research outputs to development outcomes: Fostering innovation in pastoralist systems


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Presented by Ranjitha Puskur and Alan Duncan, September 2009

Presented by Ranjitha Puskur and Alan Duncan, September 2009

Published in: Technology, Business

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  • 1. From r esearch outputs to development outcomes: Fostering innovation in pastoralist systems Ranjitha Puskur and Alan Duncan International Livestock Research Institute September 2009
  • 2. Innovation
    • “ a process where knowledge is created and used in new ways, in different contexts, to enhance the livelihoods of livestock-dependant poor ”
    • occurs in a system mediated by the actors and their interactions, facilitated (or constrained) by institutions and policies
  • 3. Innovation capacity
    • As opposed to just productive capacity
    • Ability to respond to emerging challenges and opportunities through harnessing available knowledge
      • Stimulating actor network formation
      • Does require a longer timeframe..
  • 4. A comprehensive framework for livestock development
    • Feeds
    • Breeds
    • Services
      • Health
      • Extension
    • Technical
    • Institutional
    • Organizational
    • Policy
    Equitable HIV/AIDS sensitive
  • 5. Some glimpses of ILRI’s work
    • Fodder Innovation Project in India & Nigeria
      • evolution from technology transfer to experimenting with innovation capacity building, for proactive rather than reactive innovation
      • 5 sites in 2 countries –different livestock systems context – livestock dependent communities - fodder scarcity a common problem
      • working with a range of implementing partners
      • In each site, action based on context-specific themes ranging from fodder focus to commercialization of smallholder goat farming
      • this led to very context and theme-specific network building process, with different entry points (ranging from forest seeding with fodder species to animal vaccination camps) and different trajectories are beginning to evolve
  • 6. FIP..
    • service delivery systems changing
    • changing institutional arrangements and policy bottlenecks
    • evidence of demand being generated for fodder- breed and other livestock-related knowledge and technologies (interestingly, technologies which were disseminated earlier but with no uptake) – good examples of research being put into use emerging
    • institutional arrangements being designed to take care of equity issues
    • institutionalizing/mainstreaming approach in their other activities/across organization
    • innovation brokerage roles emerging
    • unusual partnerships
    • Fodder is too narrow a theme for building networks.
    • Building networks around livestock value chains and building innovation capacity at that level seems more appropriate.
  • 7. IPMS and its background..
    • Government adopted an Agricultural Development Led Industrialization (ADLI) Strategy – focus on food crops and NRM
    • Added market orientation to this..
    • Realised that this needs improvement in productivity and market success of farmers
    • Plenty of technologies on shelf which have the potential to contribute to productivity enhancement
  • 8. Improving Productivity and Market Success
    • A Research for Development project
    • Co-innovate new methods and approaches for market oriented interventions with partners
    • Develop options in support of GoE’s strategy for agricultural transformation
    • Gender and HIV/AIDS – cross-cutting themes
  • 9. Project approach
    • Takes an Innovation Systems Perspective
    • Technologies alone not enough to bring about innovation
    • Multiple sources of innovation
    • Partnerships are vital for innovation
    • Service delivery systems and capacity to innovate are critical in defining the innovation process
    • Roles and interactions of diverse agents => Knowledge exchange, technological and institutional change
    • Piloting options in an action learning mode
  • 10. Major elements of the approach Knowledge-based system with linkages between various actors, which is capacitated and responsive to markets Capacity Building Technical, institutional and organizational options Commodity Development Knowledge management
  • 11. Community-based Tryps control in Ghibe valley
    • A network of actors working together to address problems and innovate through joint solutions
    • Enhanced community managed control of cattle Trypanosomosis
    • Enhanced local capacity to collaboratively respond to key livestock related challenges and opportunities in the area
    • Improved cattle health and productivity
    • Testing ABCD and IS approaches
  • 12. Smallholder dairy systems – East Africa and South Asia
    • Key challenges:
      • Policies and regulations to support the role of the poor in dairy production and marketing systems
      • Increase market success of the poor
      • Increase production efficiency and sustainability in households and systems
  • 13. Smallholder dairy systems – East Africa and South Asia
    • Business/market development
      • Link poor livestock producers and feed suppliers to more sophisticated input/output systems for:
        • Market development/promotion
        • Knowledge and innovation
        • Input supply
        • Disease control/quality assurance
      • “ Hub” model used in project in E.Africa (Heifer, Technoserve, ILRI, ICRAF)
  • 14.  
  • 15. Smallholder dairy systems – East Africa and South Asia
    • Production efficiency
      • Feeds
        • Better utilization of dual purpose crops and by-products
        • High yielding grasses
        • Formulation and supplementation
      • Breeds
        • Increasing supply of improved animals
        • Role for private entrepreneurs
  • 16.
      • Supportive policies
      • and regulations
      • Business/market
      • Development
      • Production efficiency
    • Beyond technology/
    • knowledge generation
    • Partnerships
    • Capacity to access,
    • adapt, use and apply
    • knowledge
    • Process issues
  • 17. ILRI’s potential role..
    • Technical backstopping and knowledge support
    • Identify potential technical, institutional (including knowledge management) and organisational options for testing, based on data available/to be generated
    • Designing and backstop implementation of an M&E system
    • Understanding the innovation processes
    • Synthesis of lessons to inform policy and strategies for scaling up/out
    • Capacity Building support for Extension (??)
      • Gender and HIV/AIDS issues integration
      • Participatory market-oriented extension
      • FTCs
  • 18. ILRI is creating and integrating knowledge to enable diverse partners to find innovative solutions to make livestock a sustainable pathway out of poverty