Forage input supply approaches in market oriented livestock development
የኢትዮÉያ Ñu_‹ U`ƒ“ U`T’ƒ TdÅÑ>Á “ ¾ÑuÁ eኬƒ ýaË¡ƒFORAGE INPUT SUPPLY APPROACEHS IN MARKET ORIENTED LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENTForage development is one of the intervention focused to address the scarce livestock feedand low livestock productivity in various pilot districts of the IPMS project in Ethiopia. TheIPMS project has undertaken various input supply approaches in response to location specificforage demand (lack of forage sources, scarcity of forage and low adoption of forage andunder utilization and low awareness of forage resources), to gain project lesson and scale outin forage development. Some of the forage input supply approaches to address the aboveproblem include establishing sources of private forage sites (Fig.1/2), demonstration anddissemination at FTCs (Fig 2/3), communal grass land enrichment (Fig 4) and back yardforage development (Fig 5).FORAGE PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY FROM PRIVATE FARMERS (ALABA ) Fig- 1-Private forage supply site (Alaba ) Fig -2-Pennisetum Spp./”Desho”( Alaba ) FORAGE DEMONSTRATION AND DISSEMINATION AT FTCS (BURE ) Fig –3- Rhodess and Napier grass ( Bure FTCs) Fig –4- Rhodess and Napier grass field day ( Bure )PASTURE LAND IMPROVEMENT (FOGERA) BACK-YARD FORAGE (BURE AND ALABA)Fig –4- Removal of Hygrophilla spp, “Amikela” to improve palatability Fig-5- Rhodes grass (Bure) and Desho “Pennisetum Spp” ( Alaba)CONCLUSION: In IPMS project sites forage development has shown progress in terms ofbiomass produced (8 - 11 t/ha in Fogera), increase forage area (e.g 1000 ha Bure), forage atfarmers backyard (0.01- 0.5 ha) and number of farmers supplying forages (e.g 7 forage sitesin Alaba). Demonstration and dissemination of forages has progressed at faster rate becauseof FTCs, forage field days and farmer to farmer forage exchange. The various forage inputsupply approaches resulted in increased awareness, faster dissemination, increased adoption,better utilization leading to increased livestock productivity while providing lessons inforage development in Ethiopia.