Feed in value chains


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Shirley Tarawali

FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems, Luang Prabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010

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  • Some more bubbles to illustrate: Feed is a key component of productivity which determines market participation for smallholders. But there are complex interactions and trade offs – at the biophysical level with the environment (and relationship of this to for example numbers of animals required to address demand), feed demand impacts on land and water, interactions with breed and health of animals, and with competing demands for biomass. Likewise, beyond this, the implications of meeting feed demand require service and knowledge inputs, and may have equity implications. Policies and regulations can impact feed availability and the ability of smallholders to access and use feed. Beyond such issues are a complex set of drivers......
  • These issues can be translated into dimensions that relate to institutions and policies (including changing public and private sector roles); knowledge and innovation; as well as technologies themselves
  • Diagram to illustrate impacts of intensification on aspects of previous slide......... With intensification:Least market oriented:All feeds sourced at household levelMost market oriented:Feed sourced off farmConsiderable impact of policies; public/private sector interactionsFeeds less variable/diverse
  • Feed in value chains

    1. 1. Feed in value chains Shirley Tarawali FAP Symposium on Feed in Smallholder Systems 1 Luang Prabang, Laos, 18-19 November 2010
    2. 2. Key issue Past feed research “supply focused” Feed in VC context – different approach: – Demand for livestock commodity – feed as an element of value chain – Feed value chains intersecting with livestock (?and crop) commodity value chains 2
    3. 3. We know: its complex Inputs and Consumers Production Processing Marketing services Biomass Feed Breed Health Land Water GhG Number of animals 3
    4. 4. We know: context and livestock commodity matter Crop livestock systems – majority of livestock commodities in developing countries Production efficiency....shift from feed for maintenance to productivity 4
    5. 5. Priority value chains Small ruminants: -Market opportunities Ethiopia, Mali -Opportunities for engagement -Constraints- resolvable -Momentum/experience Dairy: Nicaragua, Pigs: Vietnam, Tanzania, India Uganda
    6. 6. We know: changing commodity demand influences feed dimensions Feed source Feed type Own farm Natural grazing Planted pastures Community Other planted forages Crop residues Market Crop by products Other by products Grains Policy Roots and tubers Mineral etc supplements Balanced concentrates Opportunities to increase feed: Produce more --- Utilize better --- Import 6
    7. 7. South Asia rain fed dairy Source of feed (%DM) Natural grazing Planted pastures Planted forages Crop residues Crop by-products Other by-products Grains Roots & tubers Mineral/vit suppl 2010 Balanced concentrates 2030 Own farm Community Market 7
    8. 8. Gaps How to prioritise and target feed based investments in R4D in commodity value chains? Institutions and policies Technologies Innovation and knowledge 8