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Experiences of Private Artificial Insemination Services in Ethiopia
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Experiences of Private Artificial Insemination Services in Ethiopia

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Presentation by Desalegn GebreMedhin (EMDTI) to the Ethiopian Fodder Roundtable on Effective Delivery of Input Services to Livestock Development, Addis Ababa, 22 June 2010

Presentation by Desalegn GebreMedhin (EMDTI) to the Ethiopian Fodder Roundtable on Effective Delivery of Input Services to Livestock Development, Addis Ababa, 22 June 2010

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  • 1. Experiences of Private Artificial Insemination Services in Ethiopia 06/23/10 Presentation by Desalegn GebreMedhin (EMDTI) to the Ethiopian Fodder Roundtable on Effective Delivery of Input Services to Livestock Development Addis Ababa, 22 June 2010
  • 2. INTRODUCTION
    • Agriculture(mainly crop & livestock production) plays an important role in the economy of Ethiopia employing approximately 85% of the total population and contributes 45percent to the total gross domestic product (GDP) and 88 to 90percent of the foreign currency earnings
    • The country has huge livestock and probably possesses the highest cattle population in Africa
    • However, the benefit it gets from this huge resource is quite low
    • The livestock sector accounts for about 40 percent of the total agricultural GDP and 16 percent of the national foreign currency earnings
    • According to the Central Statistics Agency (CSA, 2009), the total cattle population for the rural sedentary areas of Ethiopia is estimated to be 49.3 million, of which 55.48 percent (27,351,313) are females
    06/23/10 D esalegn G/Medhin Ethiopian Round Table meeting, ILRI, Addis Ababa
  • 3. INTRODUCTION, Cont…
    • From among the total female cattle population, only 190,326 (0.7 percent) and 33,318 (0.2 percent) heads are hybrid and exotic breeds, respectively(less than one percent of the total cattle population)
    • From the total cattle population in the country, the total number of dairy cows is 7,022,004(14.3 percent)
    • The performance of dairy cattle in the country is very low and the average milk production per cow per day does not exceed 1 to 2 liters
    • Artificial insemination service is the most widely used animal biotechnology all over the world for animal breeding particularly cattle and has been practiced in Ethiopia for about four decades
    • However, recent studies and research findings indicate that the service has been deteriorating since about the last 15 years and the crossbreeding work done so far was unsuccessful
    06/23/10 D esalegn G/Medhin Ethiopian Round Table meeting, ILRI, Addis Ababa
  • 4. STATUS OF PRIVATE ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION SERVICE IN ETHIOPIA
    • Private AI service delivery has only few years history in Ethiopia i.e. less than ten years of age
    • The AI technicians delivering the service privately were formerly government employed technicians and most of them(7 in number) are found in Addis Ababa with only 2 or 3 in other parts of the country
    • The sources of semen for these technicians are mainly the National Artificial Insemination Center and also private organizations which import semen from abroad
    • Some of these technicians are almost abandoning the delivery of the service on private basis because of the high costs required
    06/23/10 Desalegn G/Medhin Ethiopian Round Table meeting, ILRI, Addis Ababa
  • 5. THE CHALLENGES AND LIMITATIONS OF PRIVATE AI SERVICE DELIVERY IN ETHIOPIA
    • Un affordable investment and overhead costs(460686 Birr)
    • Because of the big differences in service fees between the private and government owned services, most dairy farmers prefer the government- owned service
      • Private 40 Birr per service when semen from NAIC is used or 100 to 120 Birr when imported semen is used
      • Government 15 Birr per service including two repeat services
    • Unjust exercise by the private AI service delivery in some instance
    • There is no mechanism of regulating and monitoring the overall activities of the service delivery at the present
    06/23/10 Desalegn G/Medhin Ethiopian Round Table meeting, ILRI, Addis Ababa
  • 6. MAJOR INVESTMENT COSTS 06/23/10 Desalegn G/Medhin Ethiopian Round Table meeting, ILRI, Addis Ababa SN Item Unit Unit price (Birr) 1 Motor bike number 52,000 2 Liquid nitrogen container(35lt)with accessories number 16000 3 Liquid nitrogen container(3lt) with accessories number 7850 4 Inseminating gun with ring number 240 5 Thermometer number 42 6 Thermos flask number 125 7 Apron number 30 8 Plastic boots number 85 9 Scissors number 26 10 Forceps number 28 11 Funnel/goblet number 50 12 Kit box(Equipment container) number 800 13 Towel(small sizes) number 15 14 Leather bag(back) number 240 Total 77546
  • 7. MAJOR OVERHEAD COSTS(annual) 06/23/10 Desalegn G/Medhin Ethiopian Round Table meeting, ILRI, Addis Ababa S.N o Description Unit Total required Unit price(Birr) Total price 1 Plastic gloves packet 40 70 2800 2 Sheath packet 40 50 2000 3 Liquid Nitrogen liter 420 12 5040 4 Semen/Imported straw/dose 3600 100 360000 5 AI certificate number 36 50 1800 6 Stationery gross 500 7 Office supplies gross 100 8 Uniform gross 500 9 Fuel, lubricants, motorbike maintenance gross 5000 10 Office rent month 12 500 6000 11 Total 383140
  • 8. OPPORTUNITIES FOR PRIVATE AI SERVICE DELIVERY IN ETHIOPIA
    • The growing demands for reliable services and quality semen
    • In most cases, users of the AI service are willing to pay even higher fees per service provided that they get quality semen and reliable services e.g. 120 Birr per service
    • The possibilities of getting alternative semen sources
    • The attention given by the government for the sector at present
    06/23/10 Desalegn G/Medhin Ethiopian Round Table meeting, ILRI, Addis Ababa
  • 9. CONCLUSIONS
    • Private delivery of AI service is necessary to fill the gap in the genetic improvement endeavors through crossbreeding
    • The private AI service delivery remained limited to specific areas and is not flourishing
    • Therefore, there is a need to assist the improvement of private involvement
    06/23/10 Desalegn G/Medhin Ethiopian Round Table meeting, ILRI, Addis Ababa
  • 10. RECCOMENDATIONS
    • The private AI service delivery needs to be highly encouraged and supported both by government and nongovernment organizations
    • Establish an effective and efficient monitoring/regulating and evaluation should be exercised by the relevant government organization to avoid indiscriminate crossbreeding, inbreeding, and also to assure provision of fair services to the AI users
    • Establish a system in which the private AITs could get loan opportunity for the purchase of motorbike and other initial requirements
    • The use of farmer AI technicians should also be encouraged where applicable
    06/23/10 Desalegn G/Medhin Ethiopian Round Table meeting, ILRI, Addis Ababa
  • 11. 06/23/10 THANK YOU !! Desalegn G/Medhin Ethiopian Round Table meeting, ILRI, Addis Ababa