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Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results
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Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – approaches, tools, results

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Presented by Alan Duncan at the Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project Synthesis workshop, Addis Ababa, 28-29 May 2012 …

Presented by Alan Duncan at the Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project Synthesis workshop, Addis Ababa, 28-29 May 2012

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  • 1. Ethiopian Livestock Feed Project – Approaches, Tools, Results Alan DuncanEthiopian Livestock Feed Project Synthesis workshop, Addis Ababa, 28-29 May 2012
  • 2. Objectives Original: To develop a preliminary understanding of how feed components of intensifying livestock production systems in Ethiopia are changing as systems intensify and how this is reflected in the feed-related elements of focal value chains Evolving: To develop refined tools for rapid assessment of feed resources to allow effective feed intervention strategies to support intensification of livestock production in value chains benefiting smallholder producers.
  • 3. Outputs s Refined tools for feed resource assessment, earc chain her s value analysis, rapid market appraisal and feedRe AR I technology prioritization R / AR EIA of feed elements of dairy, lera Targeted value chain assessment beef and sheep value chains gn a To Data base of price, quality and volume Ad udata on a seasonal basis for key feeds associated with the target value mat u chains. e Wa Ja n Synthesis of experiences with successful small ruminant pe/ feeding strategies from elsewhere andrtheir local a el ho h applicability B ill T e/Mic Assessment of feed availability and demandlas forsismall ruminant production in Menz area* e Hai les mel m Synthesis workshop Am ar Blu
  • 4. Workshop objectives Review and refine the experience of using VCA, FEAST and Techfit tools and draw lessons for their improvement Think about application of the tools in wider contexts
  • 5. Anticipated links to other initiatives CGIAR Research Programme 3.7, More milk, meat and fish, for and by the poor which involves targeted research on the small ruminant value chain in Ethiopia. Gates-funded East Africa Dairy Development Project (Phase 2) Multi-donor funded Agricultural Growth Programme for Ethiopia CIDA-funded Livestock Value Chain Enhancement (LIVES) project
  • 6. Which tools? Value chain analysis (VCA) Feed assessment tool (FEAST) Feed technology prioritization (Techfit)
  • 7. Process vs output Tools are designed as “discussion tools” No recipes or blue prints. Only a way of guiding and informing enquiry and suggesting options Use of tools needs to involve a range of actors: research, development, private sector, NGO etc
  • 8. She epDa Menz iry Be e f
  • 9. Value chain assessmentInputs & services Production Processing Marketing Consumers
  • 10. FEASTThe problem
  • 11. Feed assessment Conventionally focuses on: – The feeds – Their nutritive value – Ways of improving nutritive value FEAST broadens assessment: – Is livestock an important livelihood strategy? – How important are feed problems relative to other problems? – What about labour, input availability, credit, seasonality, markets for products etc.? – Involves dialogue with farmers
  • 12. How does FEAST work?
  • 13. Sample outputContribution of livelihood activities to household income (as a percentage) 6% 6% 32% Agriculture 14% Livestock Remmitance Labour Others Business 20% 22%
  • 14. More sample output DM content of total diet Crop residues Purchased 5% 7% Naturally Cultivated occurring and fodder collected 25% 33% Grazing 30%
  • 15. Final output Feast report with some ideas for key problems and solutions Better links and understanding between farmers, research and development staff
  • 16. TechfitThe problem
  • 17. What is your Feedmain problem
  • 18. What feed technologies Planted foragehave you got? Urea treated straw Bypass protein OK, let’s try those
  • 19. A solution
  • 20. Techfit A discussion support tool for prioritizing feed technologies
  • 21. The core conceptKey context attributes Key technology attributes Land Land Labour Labour Credit Credit Input Input Knowledge Knowledge
  • 22. Matching context to technologyKey context Key technology attributes attributes Land Land Labour x Labour = Score Credit Credit Input InputKnowledge Knowledge
  • 23. Technology filter r list ain filte core logy ilter M S hno P re-f III. Tec Score the pre-selected technologies based on the requirement, availability and scope for Pre-select the obvious improvement of five technology attributes TECHNOLOGY (5-6) based Scope for FILTER Attribute 5: improve on context relevance Attribute 1: Attribute 2: Attribute 3: Attribute 4: (Technology Knowledge ment of and impact potential Land Labour Cash /credit Input delivery attribute options to /skill s address Total Context Impact Total Requ Avail Requ Avail Requ Avail Requ Avail Requ Avail Score 1-5 quantity, Score relevanc potential score Score 1-3 Score 1-3 Score 1-3 Score 1-3 Score 1-3 Score 1-3 Score 1-3 Score 1-3 Score 1-3 Score 1-3 (1 for quality, e (score 1- (score 1- (context (1 for (1 for (1 for (1 for (1 for (1 for (1 for (1 for (1 for (1 for less and seasonality 6; low- 6; low- X impact) more; less; more; less; high; less; high; less; high; less; 5 for issues) high)) high) 3 for 3 for 3 for 3 for 3 for low) 3 for 3 for low) 3 for 3 for low) 3 for more) less) more) less) more) more) more) more)Urea treatment 2 3 6 3 2 2 2 2 0of strawSupplement with 2 5 10 3 3 3 2 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 22UMMBBy-pass protein 1 3 3 3 3 1 1 3 0feedFeedconservation 4 3 12 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 41(surplus)(HAY)etcetc
  • 24. Cost-benefit assessment What does the technology cost? – Inputs, labour, land etc? What does the technology deliver? – Enhanced milk yield, improved reproductive performance, better growth etc Does it make sense? Adugna price/quality dataset helps here
  • 25. Final output Ideas for some promising feed interventions that might work Better understanding of why the usual suspects often don’t work.
  • 26. Fitting the tools together t VCA effor ee ded N Framework: is productivity the main issue? yes no FEAST Homing in: is feed the main issue? yes no ent C urr t or ffparticipatory Techfit options e testing
  • 27. “If you do whatyou’ve always done, you’ll get what you always got.” Mark Twain
  • 28. Key messages
  • 29. More Information:http://elfproject.wikispaces.com 29

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