Update on sheep meat value chain development in Ethiopia


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Presented by Barbara Rischovsky at the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Planning meeting, Nairobi, 27-29 September 2011

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Update on sheep meat value chain development in Ethiopia

  1. 1. Update on sheep meat valuechain development in Ethiopia Barbara Rischovsky (ICARDA) CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and FishPlanning Meeting September 2011 Planning Meeting ILRI Nairobi 27-29 September 2011
  2. 2. Outline suggested by Tom1. Overview of outcome pathways2. Status of existing engagement and key strategic partners3. Synthesis of existing and planned activities/ resources from sub-components4. Analysis of gaps5. Priorities for resource mobilization6. Needs from subcomponent teams
  3. 3. Entry Point• Established collaboration and lessons learnt from the joint ICARDA/ILRI/Boku Project "Developing community based breeding programs" for four local sheep breeds in Ethiopia
  4. 4. Target areas for sheep value chains
  5. 5. Why these target areas?• Horro, Menz and Afar sheep are the most populous breeds in Ethiopia (more than 2 million each) with wide area coverage• Pilot community based breeding programs established in two communities of each region• Regional research centers with well educated and interested staff in Menz and Horro region• Reasonably good information available on breeds and production systems• The three areas are comparatively easy accessible• Afar and Menz sheep are major contributors to households’ incomes
  6. 6. Outcome pathwayIntermediate Outcomes Ultimate Outcomes Impact• Priority VC • 1000 sheep meat • 5000 tonnes constraints lessened producing additional sheep or resolved households in three meat produced pilot regions directly annually• Partnerships with participating in the major stakeholders program established and • 70,000 households additional • Increased meat involved in the investments aligned production (plus 72 t) value chain in 1000 households program improve• Flock productivity which is efficiently their standard of increased by 20% marketed living
  7. 7. Components Value chain outcomesInputs and Inputs and services (including vaccination campaigns) accessible andservices delivered in time to male and female smallholders Increased knowledge of male and female smallholders about useful inputs and services Functional institutions and conducive policy environmentProduction Access to breeding rams with higher breeding value Decreased inbreeding index Reduced mortality Increased offtake rate Improved market weight and body condition Increased consumption of ASP in the households through increased incomeProcessing Meat quality criteria defined with traders and consumers Higher quality carcasses and skins produced Higher prices and incomes for sheep producersMarketing Increased margins for smallholders in the value chain Sales of sheep with appropriate weight and size according to market demands Organized marketing of sheep at good prices Sheep owners well informed about marketing opportunities Abattoirs operate near their full capacity
  8. 8. Key strategic partners – confirmedStakeholder Type RoleEthiopian Institute of Government Implement the project activities in AfarAgricultural ResearchRegional Agricultural Government Implement the project activities inResearch Centers- MenzAmharaRegional Agricultural Government Implement the project activities inResearch Institute - HorroOromiaMinistry of Agriculture Government Support the project activities at all sitesand Rural DevelopmentELFORA Private Could create market outlet for the community sheep (mutton, live animal and skins)LIVES New ILRI project Cooperate on sheep value chain development
  9. 9. Key strategic partners – to be consulted/clarifiedStakeholder Type RoleUSAID - Ethiopian Sanitary and NGO Cooperate on marketing ofPhytosanitary Standards and mutton, sheep, skinLivestock and Meat MarketingProgram (SPS-LMM)Pastoral Community Development Government- Research and tailored training inProgram project AfarSNV (Netherlands NGO) NGO Experience sharing on value chain developmentUSAID – Agricultural Growth ?????Program- Livestock DevelopmentFARM Africa NGO Animal Health Service Delivery, Prosopis infestation in Afar
  10. 10. Outcomes and outputs in 2012Priority 1. Market demand and structures at allOutcomes levels fully understood. 2. Model(s) for collective action for sheep producers developed and required institutional support determined. 3. Platforms for farmers-traders negotiation establishedPriority 1. Market chain and consumer demandResearch analysis completed.Outputs 2. Assessment of existing forms of collective actions for farmers in Ethiopia 3. Roles of women in sheep production in different systems
  11. 11. Outcomes and outputs in 2013Priority 1. Improved understanding of sheep VCsOutcomes and their structure and efficiency. 2. Capacity in VCA methods built among partners in Ethiopia. 3. Sheep breeding programs optimized (full support from NARs) 4. Market for improved rams established.Priority 1. VCA (technology constraints, capacityResearch constraints and required partnerOutputs institutions) completed for sheep VCs in Ethiopia. 2. Functional recording database 3. Breeding value estimation
  12. 12. Gaps & Priorities for Resource MobilizationKey Dimensions Priority ActivitiesSheep health Disease prevalence study (Delia’s method?) Animal health service delivery refinedGenetics & Breeding Consolidation of breeding programsFeed Analysis of feed resources and identification of feed intensification optionFarming systemValue chain analysis Rapid value chain assessment, including gender & equity dimensionsSector & policy Review existing information from ILRIanalysis projectsSpatial targetingM&E Review baseline information and design additional baseline
  13. 13. Gaps – inputs from technology sub-components• Forage production development in Menz and Horro• Barley cultivars selected for feed value in Menz• Tools and methods developed for prioritizing feed interventions (Feed SC 2012)• Feed intensification options identified and effects on productivity and carbon and water footprint identified (Feed SC 2012)• Models for animal health delivery services in Afar and other sites
  14. 14. Example: forage production• Identify suitable species and varieties (genebanks and quick screening methods)• Adapt agronomic practices• Assess economics of forage production and environmental benefits (e.g. breaking cereal monocultures)• Test conservation technologies if required• Assess market opportunities• Develop seed delivery system
  15. 15. Gaps – inputs from cross-cutting VC sub-components• Cross-cutting models for value chain development• Methods for systematic assessment of value chain components• Enhance capacity for quick and practical value chain analysis to identify and address bottlenecks (Feed SC 2012)• Ex-ante impact assessment – priority setting for interventions• Mapping tools for agro-ecological assessments• Priority interventions to improve gender equitable outcomes identified
  16. 16. Current Activities & ResourcesPhD studies 1) SNPs to assess breed composition in Menzat Boku (Awassi-Menz sheep crossbreds) 2) Impact of improved genetics (size and feed requirement) on natural resource baseLIVES Unclear what proportion and what activities will contribute to sheep value chainsACIAR Fodder market scoping study in EthiopiaADA Long term strategies for stallholder sheep breeding programsIFAD Fodder project
  17. 17. Staff playing major roleICARDA BR (40%) – VC coordination Aynalem Haile (30%) - Breeding Aden Aw-Hassan (25%) – VC analysis & Impact assessment Market specialist (50%) Malika Martini (25%) – Gender Forage, Rangeland, Nutrition (10% each)ILRI Tom, Nancy, Jemimah, Purvi, Michael B., Phil, Amos, Okeyo
  18. 18. Minimum operational resources required to get started• to employ a national coordinator for the field work in Ethiopia: US$ 25,000• operational budget to do VC assessments and to continue the work with communities: US$ 50,000• to conduct stakeholder workshop to initiate innovation platforms targeting development partners: US$ 10,000
  19. 19. Thank you!