Basin Development Challenges (BDCs)• Nile – rainwater management in landscapes• Andes – Benefit sharing mechanisms• Ganges – intensification in coastal areas• Limpopo – rainwater management and water access• Mekong – dams, reservoirs and livelihoods• Volta – rainwater management and small reservoirs
Programme StructureLearning about Integrating technologies, policiesrainwater and institutions.management This project will develop integrated rainwater management strategies - to slow down landsystems. degradation and reduce downstream siltation.This project reviewspast and ongoingactivities, compiles an Targeting and scaling out ofinventory of actors, andidentifies best practices rainwater management systems.for dissemination and This project will better target or ‘match’use. promising technologies with particular Catalyzing environments, thus overcoming the limited platforms for success and impact of many past agricultural development efforts. learning, communication Assessing and anticipating the and coordination. This project provides a consequences of innovation in multi-stakeholder rainwater management systems. platform for all the This project will quantify the consequences of projects in support of improved rainwater management, measuring improved downstream, cross-scale consequences of communication, successful innovation in the Ethiopian innovation and adaptive highlands. management.
ILRI inputs into NBDC• Work on livestock water productivity• Diagnosis of current status of local planning and implementation around NRM• Piloting approaches to bottom up NRM: innovation platforms, participatory planning tools (Wat-a-game etc)• Suitability mapping
Livestock water productivitySimplified framework for assessing livestock-water productivity can help identify options to reduce water 8depletion associated with animal keeping and increase goods and …. (Peden et al., 2007).
Calculating livestock water productivity More milk per cow means less water use per litre of milk
Assessment of current NRM planning approaches Diagnosis of current status of local planning and implementation around NRM
Preliminary findings: RWM planning & implementation RWM planning is based on a top-down quota system... with some perverse incentives affecting woreda officials and DAs Woreda offices have an incentive to increase woreda targets to win resources, leading to pressure on implementaters at kebele level DAs’ performance assessment is based on how far targets are met --> limited opportunity / incentive to innovate or listen to farmers. Farmers report that they have very little say in where and how RWM is implemented, and some feel that government imposes on them.
Experimenting with local participatory planning toolsA lot of talk about ‘participation’ but little knowledge about how to put it intoaction.WAT-A-GAME- Participatory planning for NRM(www.watagame.info)
Nile Goblet Tool Suitability mapping of rainwater management strategies
Global OLM OUTCOMES Used by: Knowledge, Attitude and skills Practice changes changes Main Actor groups NDBC Outputs Experience RMS that actually Evidence at the Farmers and Tools for RMS planning at work Test, adapt and adopt RMS IMPACT lanscape level Farming community, national and Greater capacity to engage in regional level developed Communities collective action in resource use RMS Synthesis,Scenarios, Maps and and tested and management Policy Makers and Tools for planning investors (scaling up) Institutions and incentivesMaps identifying what for RMS implementation Receive better incentives to do Use more effective tools for planning for RMS work best and identified and their work, are more aware of RMS at landscape scale and to negotiate where in the basin strengthened benefits and cumulative impacts fair use and win- win solutions for the of strategic trans- insttitutional available resources Analysis of the best Networks / platforms for RWS Planners at boundary work on RWM Improve planning, decision making andland use systems for improved RWM in local, national and Stengthen ability to use tools, resource allocation processesdifferent parts of the identified and regional levels such as integrated planning and Work beyond traditional institutional basin strengthened scenario analysis boundaries Improved farming livelihoods + Communication, documentation and Actively create market opportunities and More resilient social and ecologicalImpact assessment of Increased adoption, adaptation and synthesis developed and incentive mechanisms, systems Have an increased promotion of effective RMS future widespread used facilitate institutions, understanding of the benefits of Work beyond traditional institutional Improved foodadoption of improved Researchers at influence the RWM research approaches, of boundaries and employ participatory security RMS in the Ethiopian national and basin investment of time and different landscapes and of the research methods, considering gender Highlands levels money in RWM systems socio-economic contexts and end user priorities Have improved skills in spatial Conduct research on fundamental basin analysis, scenario analysis and problems modeling Promote more problem-oriented RWM research in university curricula Have improved access to inputs, Regional and local Evidence-based planning and decision negotiate land use policy and policy makers making supportive of RWMS can facilitate community action