Enhancing the value of genetic resources through science & technology: The role of the BecA Hub
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Enhancing the value of genetic resources through science & technology: The role of the BecA Hub

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Presented by Segenet Kelemu at the Bio-Innovate Launch, ILRI, Nairobi, 16 March 2011

Presented by Segenet Kelemu at the Bio-Innovate Launch, ILRI, Nairobi, 16 March 2011

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Enhancing the value of genetic resources through science & technology: The role of the BecA Hub Enhancing the value of genetic resources through science & technology: The role of the BecA Hub Presentation Transcript

  • Enhancing the value of genetic resources through science & technology: The role of the BecA Hub
    Segenet Kelemu (Director, BecA Hub)
    Presented at the Bio-Innovate Launch ILRI, Nairobi
    16 March 2011
  • Outline
    Solutions are around the corner…
    Biopesticides - Baculovirus/cassava hornworm
    - Other biopesticides
    Potpourri of examples
  • Cassava hornworm
    It is a major pest of cassava causing losses of 50% or more
    Main control strategy had been insecticides
    The hornworm virus, Baculovirus erinnyis, naturally infects the pest larvae
    View slide
  • Cassava hornworm (Erinnyis ello)
    View slide
  • Loss in the field due to cassava hornworm
  • BACULOVIRUS of E. ello
  • Process of BV collection
    Baculovirus
    as powder
    Larvae
    blended
    solution
    BACULOVIRUS of E. ello
    Sick larvae collected in the field
  • Commercial product BioVirus®
    Based on a BACULOVIRUS of Erinnyis ello
    For the control of cassava hornworm
    Biotropical, Colombia
  • Solutions are just around the corner
    Antibiotics
    Enzymes (e.g Taq Polymerase)-PCR
    Agrobacterium as genetic transformation agent
  • Solutions around the corner….
    The discovery of penicillin could be the most famous of all medical advances.Millions of lives saved
  • Solutions are just around the corner
    Enzymes (e.g Taq Polymerase)
  • Solutions are just around the corner
    Agrobacterium: a natural tool for genetic transformation
    134  million hectares of genetically
    engineered crops in 2009
  • Solutions are just around the corner
    African genetic resources….
    Coffee
    • Natural decaffeinated coffee (discovered in 2004)
    • Sources of disease resistance
    Kola tree (Cola nitida).. Coca cola
    African prune... Prostate remedy
    Hoodia (Hoodia gordonii)...the recently popular appetite suppressant dietary supplement
    Shea butter (Vitellaria paradoxa)...popular cosmetic ingredient
    Africa has been and continues to be a significant source of medicinal plants to the world’s food, drug, and herb and dietary supplement market
  • Solutions are just around the corner
    African genetic resources….
    Globally, there are more than 1 billion overweight adults, and the number is growing.
    • U.S. weight loss market at $55 billion in 2007
    • Currently at over $60 billion
    Hoodia (Hoodiagordonii)... the recently popular
    appetite suppressant: a new rising star for the
    weight loss industry
    “Hoodia fools the brain by making you think
    you’re full, even if you've eaten just a morsel”
  • The BecA Hub: its role in African science and technology
  • BecA’s major objectives
    Research: hosting, facilitating, conducting and catalyzing research efforts
    Capacity building and training: enabling students/visiting scientists to undertake hands-on research
    Research services: providing services to enhance research
    Serving as a focal point for the agricultural research community; linkage to the global one
    Promoting product development/delivery: identifying potential development partners
  • Conclusion
    Science & technology is key to enhance the ability of Africans to control and use their natural resources
    BecA should be a place where discoveries are made