Enhancing livelihoods of poor livestock keepers through increasing use of fodder: Project Overview Fodder Adoption Project...
Enhancing livelihoods of poor livestock keepers through increasing use of fodder (Ethiopia, Syria, Vietnam)   IFAD Technic...
Purpose: <ul><li>To better understand the factors and processes that determine the success of fodder interventions and use...
Outputs <ul><li>Mechanisms for strengthening and/or establishing multi-stakeholder alliances for scaling up and out of fod...
Identification of partner capacity building needs   Development of training modules for innovation systems (with DFID)   E...
Non-cash  e.g. manure,  security etc Inputs seed extension technical demand Market infrastructure Influences Outputs Small...
Central questions
FAP emphases
Innovation – a natural process
Innovation at different levels <ul><li>Farmers are naturally innovative </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas come from many sources inc...
Enhanced innovation involves … <ul><li>Building capacity for change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At community level – among farme...
Innovation Systems Approach  <ul><li>…  encompasses all aspects of the capacity to innovate, placing importance on the con...
Fodder as a system component
Combining an “actor-oriented approach” while addressing technology gaps <ul><li>Maintain awareness of the stakeholder envi...
A ‘scale’ approach   <ul><li>Different scales have different sets of stakeholders with different personal, cultural, and p...
Scales
Scales of Fodder Innovation Farmers, extension staff,  local government, researchers Micro/Site Technical, local policy Me...
Scaling out/up Pocket of  success Institutional  environment Policy environment Business environment Credit facilities Usi...
Market environment is also a key factor in stimulating innovation   Innovation Extent of market demand Market linkages
FAP emphases
Research Questions <ul><li>How best to characterise system to work out what needs to change? </li></ul>Farming system Inno...
Research Questions <ul><li>What processes are required for effective scaling out and scaling up?   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S...
Research Questions <ul><li>What are value chain constraints in a given livestock system particularly at points in the valu...
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Enhancing livelihoods of poor livestock keepers through increasing use of fodder: Project Overview

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Presentation by Alan Duncan to the FAP End of Project Workshop, Luang Prabang, Laos, 15-19 November 2010

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Enhancing livelihoods of poor livestock keepers through increasing use of fodder: Project Overview

  1. 1. Enhancing livelihoods of poor livestock keepers through increasing use of fodder: Project Overview Fodder Adoption Project (FAP) (IFAD Technical Assistance Grant 853) Presentation by Alan Duncan to the FAP End of Project Workshop Luang Prabang, Laos, 15-19 November 2010
  2. 2. Enhancing livelihoods of poor livestock keepers through increasing use of fodder (Ethiopia, Syria, Vietnam) IFAD Technical Assistance Grant 853 ILRI, ICARDA & CIAT
  3. 3. Purpose: <ul><li>To better understand the factors and processes that determine the success of fodder interventions and use this understanding to strengthen the capacity of poor farmers and service providers to better meet needs for fodder </li></ul>Goal: <ul><li>T o improve the livelihoods of poor livestock keepers in Ethiopia, Syria and Vietnam in a sustainable manner through increased access to and adoption of fodder interventions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Outputs <ul><li>Mechanisms for strengthening and/or establishing multi-stakeholder alliances for scaling up and out of fodder technologies ( Mechanisms for partnerships ) </li></ul><ul><li>Options for effective delivery systems of improved fodder ( Improved fodder delivery systems ) </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced capacity of project partners to experiment with and use fodder technologies ( Enhanced partners’ capacity ) </li></ul><ul><li>Generic lessons on innovation processes and systems, communication strategies and partnerships that provide an enabling environment to enhance scaling up and out of fodder innovations ( IPG – Generic lessons for scaling out/up fodder innovations ). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Identification of partner capacity building needs Development of training modules for innovation systems (with DFID) Evaluation of policy and institutional environment Identification and streamlining of project tools/methodologies Principles for site identification and comparison (innovation system) IPG – Generic lessons for scaling out/up fodder innovations Development of project communication material Development of communication strategies for joint learning within and between countries Enhanced partners’ capacity Evaluation of fodder and seed delivery/input supply mechanisms Collection of baseline data Evaluation of year-round feed: inventory, assessment and database Improved fodder delivery systems Evaluation of livestock market environment Development of GIS on pilot sites in relation to fodder interventions Evaluation of actors, linkages, practices and habits Identification of project sites, partners and work plans Mechanisms for partnerships Indicative activities Outputs
  6. 6. Non-cash e.g. manure, security etc Inputs seed extension technical demand Market infrastructure Influences Outputs Smallholder livestock enterprise Economic e.g. milk, meat Vet services Feed Genetic merit organisational technical Policy/institutions policy Improved livelihoods
  7. 7. Central questions
  8. 8. FAP emphases
  9. 9. Innovation – a natural process
  10. 10. Innovation at different levels <ul><li>Farmers are naturally innovative </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas come from many sources including research and development practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>Innovations often occur at “innovation system” level e.g. through new linkages between actors or through changed ways of working of existing actors </li></ul>
  11. 11. Enhanced innovation involves … <ul><li>Building capacity for change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At community level – among farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At IS level e.g. by strengthening linkages among actors, bringing in new actors, policy advocacy etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improving access to new ideas and improved technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge management </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Innovation Systems Approach <ul><li>… encompasses all aspects of the capacity to innovate, placing importance on the configuration of actors and the nature of their interaction as a key determinant of the capacity to innovate (World Bank 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Nice theory – what does it mean in practice? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fodder as a system component
  14. 14. Combining an “actor-oriented approach” while addressing technology gaps <ul><li>Maintain awareness of the stakeholder environment and how it functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build innovation capacity – enhanced linkages, new ways of working etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But also inject new ideas, info and technologies </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. A ‘scale’ approach <ul><li>Different scales have different sets of stakeholders with different personal, cultural, and political dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>The objectives of actors and the desired outcome are likely to be different at different scales and thus require different approaches and modes of operation. </li></ul><ul><li>Working at multiple scales and linking these scales is essential for scaling out and sustainable development </li></ul>
  16. 16. Scales
  17. 17. Scales of Fodder Innovation Farmers, extension staff, local government, researchers Micro/Site Technical, local policy Meso/District Farmers, extension staff, local and provincial government, researchers, private enterprise, service providers, finance/credit institutions Institutional/ organizational Macro/National Farmers, extension staff, local –provincial-national government, researchers, private enterprise, service providers, finance/credit institutions, media National policy, incentive structure Scale Typical stakeholders Nature of intervention
  18. 18. Scaling out/up Pocket of success Institutional environment Policy environment Business environment Credit facilities Using local pockets of technical success as the “engine” of change Widespread system change
  19. 19. Market environment is also a key factor in stimulating innovation Innovation Extent of market demand Market linkages
  20. 20. FAP emphases
  21. 21. Research Questions <ul><li>How best to characterise system to work out what needs to change? </li></ul>Farming system Innovation System <ul><ul><li>Seasonality of feed availability. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonality of demand for nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonality of price for outputs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonality of labour use/opportunity costs </li></ul></ul>How can policy/regulatory instruments be used and actor behaviour changed to create an enabling environment for fodder development? What actor configuration is required to elicit change at different scales?
  22. 22. Research Questions <ul><li>What processes are required for effective scaling out and scaling up? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scale issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actor configuration issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy issues </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Research Questions <ul><li>What are value chain constraints in a given livestock system particularly at points in the value chain where fodder features? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How can we enhance links between smallholders and markets and how does this influence fodder innovation through an altered incentive structure? </li></ul></ul>

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