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Ecosystem approaches to the better management of Brucellosis and Toxoplasma in Yunnan Province, China
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Ecosystem approaches to the better management of Brucellosis and Toxoplasma in Yunnan Province, China


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Presented by YANG Guorong, YANG Xiangdong,YANG Shibiao, LI Wengui, LI Ruisheng,YANG Zhimin, HE YongZhen and FANG Jing to the Progress meeting on Ecosystem approaches to the better management of …

Presented by YANG Guorong, YANG Xiangdong,YANG Shibiao, LI Wengui, LI Ruisheng,YANG Zhimin, HE YongZhen and FANG Jing to the Progress meeting on Ecosystem approaches to the better management of zoonotic emerging infectious diseases in the South East Asian Region, Bangkok, 10-13 December 2011.

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  • 不要象摘要
  • populaiton, socieconomic(high/low development level), geograhpic conditions(high/low land 900 vs 1900height above sea level), breeding different domestic animal
  • List the objectives of your study How ecohealth is considered for these objectives?
  • behavior change
  • Talk about the methods you are using (EPI, Microbiology, Mapping, PRA, Interviews…)
  • You have two slides to presents your planning, if you need only one slide, you can use the second for other purpose (background, methods, results etc…) It would be good to have your plan as a table with specific activities
  • more specific
  • What outputs/outcomes do you expect to have by the end of the project: Papers, report, conference presentatation, workshop Behavior changes of your partners (cf. OM)
  • What do you learn from implementing OM? What are challenges you face with (BP, team members, :me constraints)? Please share knowledge/practices you think will be useful for other teams.
  • Do you see any further development of your project in the future at national and regional level. How Ecoehalth/One Health could be taken up using your project as a basis
  • 2011.8.8
  • 2011.8.9
  • annual report, work plan for 2012
  • Transcript

    • 1. Ecosystem Approaches to the Better Management of Brucellosis and toxoplasma in Yunnan Province, China EcoZD annual meeting Bangkok 10-12 December 2011 YANG Guorong Yunnan Academy of Grassland and Animal Science, YAGAS YANG Xiangdong Yunnan Institute of Endemic Disease Control and Prevention, YIEDC YANG Shibiao Yunnan Academy of Veterinary and Animal Science, YASVI LI wengui Yunnan Agricultural University, YAU LI Ruisheng Animal Husbandry Bureau of Mangshi City YANG Zhimin HE YongZhen Animal Husbandry Bureau Of Yiliang county Yunnan Academy of Grassland and Animal Science, YAGAS F ANG Jing Kunming Medical University
    • 2. Background
      • An ecosystem approach to human health is an new approch . This multi-disciplinary field of study investigates how changes in the earth's ecosystems are impacting human health so as to prevent new diseases from emerging, particularly by building more equitable and less ecologically damaging agricultural production systems .
      • Project in China focus on brucellosis and toxoplasmosis– both from animal and public health perspectives, and to measure the impact of these diseases in pilot communities; thereafter to prevention and control two disease in people and livestock.
    • 3. Yiliang Mekong River Mangshi
    • 4. Research objectives and hypothesis
      • Hypothesis:
      • Brucellosis and Toxoplasmosis are under-reported disease in both humans and livestock in Yunnan province. Animal and human health personnel do not have experience or diagnostic capacity to confirm cases; communities also are unaware of the risks of disease.
      • Objectives:
      • To understand perception, awareness and behaviour of stakeholders including potential risk groups towards these zoonoses
      • To investigate the impact of these diseases in pilot communities, hospitals
      • To demonstrate how an integrated approach can help to improve collaboration between different stakeholders and contribute to a better contro l
    • 5. Signing and lau n ching of EcoZD Dec 12-13, 2010 in Kunming
    • 6. Groups involved The problem: Brucellosis & Toxoplasmosis in Yunnan Public health authorities (hospitals) Vet officers & Vet stations Local administration officers
      • Farmers , pet owners
      • cattle, buffalo, small ruminants, pigs, cats
      • Small holder and cooperatives
      Past unit, milk vendors Villagers (ethnic minorities) Butchers Consumer
    • 7. Research methodology
      • Obj 1: Understand perception, awareness and behaviour of stakeholders
      • literature review
      • FGD, Questionnaires, Interviews (ie farmers, villagers, butchers, vets , PH, past units ect)
      • Obj 2: Impact of B & T in pilot communities (animal and humans)
      • literature review and historical data stored in involved partner institutions
      • Pilot surveys to determine the sero-prevalence in pilot communities (standard tests applied)
      • Animal sector: dairy goats, dairy buffalo/cattle, cooperative farms)(vet station case review)
      • Human: risk groups, hospitals (review of cases)
      • Obj 3: Added value of an integrated approach
      • Joint design, implementation, analysis & publications
    • 8. Progress made Selected results
      • Animal production Data has been collected and analyzed in Yiliang and Mangshi project Investigation of Animal Toxoplasma gondi (YAGAS)
      • Serological results for Toxoplasma (YAU)
      Site Host No of serum samples No of Positive Positive rate(%) method Yiliang Pig 109 16 14.68 IHA cattle 9 1 11.12 IHA cat 5 2 40.00 IHA Hilar lymph nodes of pig 16 3 18.75 PCR Mangshi pig 128 57 44.53 IHA cattle 44 8 18.19 IHA cat 3 2 66.67 IHA hilar lymph nodes of pig 57 20 35.09 PCR
    • 9. Serological and molecular investigation on prevalence of toxoplasma
    • 10. Progress made: Prevalence of Brucellosis in Animals in Yunnan province, China (YASVI) (*retrospective data and **collected data within EcoZD) Host samplling site methods used positive rates P ig* Yunan province ELISA 0.40%(N= 22,213) cattle/buffalo * Yunan province ELISA 0.76%(N=37,033) dairy cow** Mangshi ELISA 0%(0/11) dairy water buffalo ** Mangshi ELISA 0%(0/95) goat/sheep * Yunan province ELISA 2.55% (N= 53,215)
    • 11. culture and isolation of pathogen , ASVI 2010 pathological examination, Dali, 2010 Collection of buffalo tissue samples in slauterhousre, Mangshi , 2010 Field investigation on Brucella in dairy buffalo farm , Mangshi, 2010
    • 12. Prevalence of Tox and Bru human in Yunnan province, China (YIEDC)(collected within EcoZD) site target disease method used positive rate Yiliang Bru Tox ELISA SAT 0%(0/132) 33.3%( 44 /132) Mangshi Bru Tox ELISA SAT 0%(0/ 107 ) 71.0% ( 94/132 )
    • 13. L ab analysis of Brucella samples
    • 14. Planned activities for 2012 and beyond 1
      • More in-depth animal surveys (production data, productive disorders, bio-security, perception on these 2 zoonoses)
        • Done in conjunction with Human sector (YIEDC) covering target township and villages in Mangshi and Yiliang
        • Animal survey will focus on dairy c ows, milk goats and water buffalo (backyard and cooperatives farms) .
        • Also historical prevalence data will collect in vet station.
      • Public health Human disease survey ( risk groups, done in conjunction with animal survey/ partners )
        • Human case survey (Toxoplasmosis)
        • Hospital records review investigations (Bruc & Toxo)
    • 15. Planned activities for 2012 and beyond 2
      • In addition to the animal survey, data on perception, behavior and awareness of various risk groups will be collected by Questionnaire, Interviews and Focus Group Discussion . Identification of possible risk factor.
      • Through training (ie participatory methods) and regular meeting to enable team member familiar with the conception of Eco health and to improve the ability of using social research methods like Outcome Mapping, FGD
    • 16. Expected outputs and outcomes
      • Researchers will have gained new skills and knowledge from concurrent training programme including EcoHealth approach, Outcome Mapping (a component tool), Proposal Design, & Research Methods.
      • Evidence will be generated on zoonotic EID from each research team that can inform research priorities and decisions for priority zoonoses including EIDs
      • 3 Papers, 3 report s (2 annual, 1final)
    • 17. Lesson learned/reflection
      • What we Learn From OM
      • Got a methodology for planning and assessing development programming that is oriented towards change and social transformation.
      • our project helps us to learn about its influence on the progression of change in our boundary partners, and therefore helps us adaptively manage variations in strategies to bring about desired outcomes.
      • This method is useful both for EcoZD and other projects.
      • Challenges face with
      • Still unfamiliar with Eco-health research method & Communication limitations between project partners but also with ILRI.
      • due to the delay of project funding, part of the project work wasn ' t carried out smoothly.
    • 18. Perspectives
      • We will apply for what we have learnt in this project such as Ecohealth Approaches , Outcome mapping , and Focus Group Discussion in other projects and programs
      • We will contribute to the building of EcoHealth network in Yunnan and China .
    • 19. Ecosystem Approaches Sampling of bufalo blood ( D ehong ), 2010
    • 20. Communication with farmers ( Dali ), 2011 Sample recording ( Dali ), 2011
    • 21. A training workshop on health farming and major diseases control in cattle in total 4 counties, Yunnan, Oct-Nov, 2011
    • 22. Interview of high-risk o c cupational group of Brucellosis
    • 23. Training on prev en tion and control of Brucella
    • 24. YIEDC team
    • 25. An interview at Vet station (Dali, 2011)
    • 26.
    • 27.  
    • 28. Interview of Family scale diary cow farmers (Dali, Aug 9,2011 )
    • 29. ILRI EcoZd Kunming Workshop March 15-18, 2011 Kunming
    • 30. ILRI EcoZD workshop Aug 7-12, 2011 (Dali & Kunming)
    • 31. ILRI EcoZD workshop Sep 25-29, 2011 Kunming
    • 32. Thanks for your attention!