Designing and implementation of community-based breeding programs for adapted local sheep breeds in Ethiopia Presented by ...
Community based breeding <ul><li>Genetic improvement of livestock remains a challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized within...
Goals Improved productivity and income of sheep owners by providing access to improved animals that respond to improved fe...
The project sites
The sheep breeds
How did we start? <ul><li>Planning workshop  </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria for community selection  </li></ul><ul><li>Project...
Description  of the production  system Assessing  market access Impact assessment Process in designing community-based bre...
Description of production systems Survey/ measurements/observation
Study on constraints to market
Definition of breeding goals A.  Own-flock ranking based on farmer’s choice
B. Ranking of groups of  live animals
Brown Black C. Hypothetical choice experiment
Workshop to study community breeding practices <ul><li>Current animal management practices  </li></ul><ul><li>Envisaged an...
Modeling alternative breeding plans   <ul><li>ZPLAN (18 alternatives produced) </li></ul><ul><li>Four alternatives were pr...
Workshop with community to choose among the alternatives <ul><li>Present the alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Decide on sele...
Trait preferences Milk pdn Growth LS Growth Twining rate LS Growth  Twining rate Lamb survival Fleece weight Growth  Lamb ...
<ul><li>Implementation of the preferred option </li></ul><ul><li>Animal identification </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment of da...
Selection of breeding rams
Animal Show and Award
Outputs/impacts <ul><li>Functional breeding programs </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness creation </li></ul><ul><li>Health and fee...
General conclusions  <ul><li>Community involvement is crucial for success </li></ul><ul><li>Researcher’s should act as cat...
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Designing and implementation of community-based breeding programs for adapted local sheep breeds in Ethiopia

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Presented by Haile, A., Duguma, G., Mirkena, T., Tibbo, M., Iñiguez, L., Rischkowsky, B., Okeyo, M., Wurzinger, M. and Sölkner, J. at the 5th All Africa Conference on Animal Agriculture and the 18th Annual Meeting of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP), Addis Ababa, October 25-28, 2010

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Designing and implementation of community-based breeding programs for adapted local sheep breeds in Ethiopia

  1. 1. Designing and implementation of community-based breeding programs for adapted local sheep breeds in Ethiopia Presented by Haile A., Duguma G., Mirkena T., Tibbo M., Iñiguez L., Rischkowsky B., Okeyo M., Wurzinger M. and Sölkner J. for the 5th All Africa Conference on Animal Agriculture and the 18th Annual Meeting of the Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP), Addis Ababa, October 25-28, 2010
  2. 2. Community based breeding <ul><li>Genetic improvement of livestock remains a challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized within-breed selection and crossbreeding programs have failed </li></ul><ul><li>New thinking – involving local communities and institutions in the design, implementation and ownership of breeding strategies </li></ul>
  3. 3. Goals Improved productivity and income of sheep owners by providing access to improved animals that respond to improved feeding and management, targeting specific market opportunities
  4. 4. The project sites
  5. 5. The sheep breeds
  6. 6. How did we start? <ul><li>Planning workshop </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria for community selection </li></ul><ul><li>Project team structure </li></ul><ul><li>Official launching and announcement of the project at district level </li></ul>
  7. 7. Description of the production system Assessing market access Impact assessment Process in designing community-based breeding strategy Designing community-based breeding Assessing traditional institutions and policies Definition of breeding goals Developing breeding strategy Implementing breeding strategy Evaluation of results Developing guidelines
  8. 8. Description of production systems Survey/ measurements/observation
  9. 9. Study on constraints to market
  10. 10. Definition of breeding goals A. Own-flock ranking based on farmer’s choice
  11. 11. B. Ranking of groups of live animals
  12. 12. Brown Black C. Hypothetical choice experiment
  13. 13. Workshop to study community breeding practices <ul><li>Current animal management practices </li></ul><ul><li>Envisaged animal management practices </li></ul><ul><li>Social network analysis </li></ul>
  14. 14. Modeling alternative breeding plans <ul><li>ZPLAN (18 alternatives produced) </li></ul><ul><li>Four alternatives were presented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Varied based on the proportion of rams selected (10 and 15%) and length of use of rams (2 and 3 years) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Color and tail type were preferred and considered </li></ul><ul><li>Three traits for each breed were identified </li></ul>
  15. 15. Workshop with community to choose among the alternatives <ul><li>Present the alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Decide on selection approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss ram exchange schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss recording </li></ul><ul><li>options </li></ul>
  16. 16. Trait preferences Milk pdn Growth LS Growth Twining rate LS Growth Twining rate Lamb survival Fleece weight Growth Lamb survival Traits 10% intensty 3 years RU 10% intensty 2 years RU 10% intensity 2 years RU 10% intensity 2 years ram use Option Afar Bonga Horro Menz
  17. 17. <ul><li>Implementation of the preferred option </li></ul><ul><li>Animal identification </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment of data recording personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Development of data recording format </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of breeding rams </li></ul><ul><li>Animal show and award </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase of selected ram lambs by way of availing revolving fund- Revert negative selection </li></ul>
  18. 18. Selection of breeding rams
  19. 19. Animal Show and Award
  20. 20. Outputs/impacts <ul><li>Functional breeding programs </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness creation </li></ul><ul><li>Health and feed interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Market linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Publications </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate students </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building at different levels </li></ul>
  21. 21. General conclusions <ul><li>Community involvement is crucial for success </li></ul><ul><li>Researcher’s should act as catalysts and facilitators providing options to farmers to make decisions based on scientific evidence </li></ul><ul><li>For implementation it is essential to have all stakeholders involved right from the start: this increases commitment and therefore efficiency and sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Match interventions to production system </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic improvement need to be supported by other interventions </li></ul>
  22. 22. Thank you!!!
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