Dairy value chain development                                                            Interventions and lessons        ...
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Dairy value chain development: interventions and lessons

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Poster for the ‘Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop,’ Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011

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Dairy value chain development: interventions and lessons

  1. 1. Dairy value chain development Interventions and lessons Initial diagnosis Knowledge Va l u e c h a i n interventions management/ • arket potential of fluid milk production in (peri-)urban and butter production in rural M areas was recognized by farmers and traders, despite huge fluctuation in demand as Capacity Input supply interventions: a result of fasting periods and in supply due to seasonal availability of feed. development • Knowledge and skills of commercially oriented fluid milk and butter production Ta r g e t i n g systems by value chain actors and extension services was limited Women and farmers • Both men and women contributed to fluid milk production and marketing systems in with entrepreneurial skills (peri-) urban areas, while women were predominantly in charge of butter making and marketing in the rural areas. • Most development efforts in the past concentrated on the fluid milk system in peri- Proper animal breeding (AI) promoted urban areas, especially promotion of exotic breeds and cooperatives for processing and marketing of milk, without due consideration to economies of scale. • Despite the efforts made, the percentage of improved dairy type animals in the (peri-) Knowledge management / Skill urban areas was still very low. development • There was serious seasonal fodder scarcity (including crop residues) experienced during both the dry and wet seasons by dairy farmers in rural and urban areas. Access to knowledge through training, study • Very weak and underdeveloped commercial fodder production and marketing systems tours, farmer field daysOrganising farmers to ensure quality • Animal health services were poorly developed, especially in rural areas.fodder supply • Many cooperatives suffered from lack of efficiency, management and marketing skills. • Weak linkages existed between the producers and other value chain actors as well as organized leadership in the dairy sector. • Poor quality of milk and milk products and non-existence or weak regulatory systems Training farmers with simple veterinary techniques Va l u e c h a i n a c t o r s , s e r v i c e p r o v i d e r sVeterinary drug supply and linkages Knowledge/Skills Input supply Production interventions: MoA, BoA, OoA, EARS services Private Sector Cooperatives Cooperative shops Specialized farmers Dairy shops Consultants Veterinary Clinics NGOs Government Students NGOs Proper Housing – good lighting, Introduction of appropriate genetic material to meet market demand ventilation, drainage key to a Dairy Producers successful dairy production Additional ICT-supported information Credit Processing / /knowledge via Ethiopian Agriculture Marketing Portal (EAP) www.eap.gov.et Microfinance institutions Cooperatives Private industry Get your feeds and feeding right! Private industry Cooperatives Udder and teat care with proper Shops Traders milking and hygiene Feed suppliers Lessons and challenges Processing/Marketing interventions • Knowledge sharing, training, follow up of interventions, and partner linkages contribute to improving the skills and knowledge of value chain actors and service providers, including women. • Forage development on individual farms and communal areas benefitted dairy farmers in the rural and urban areas. This was supported by the development of forage seeds and vegetative planting material production/ distribution systems on individual farms and FTCs. • Synergy between NRM and fodder development should be stressed, not only for dairy development but also in an integrated apiculture system. Small scale milk processing tools “School Milk Day” an efficient way to promoted and marketed through local promote and market dairy products • District level alternatives to improve effectiveness and efficiency of the AI system are emerging (private shops AI), however they require appropriate institutional back up from regional and federal level authorities. Efforts to combine AI and hormonal estrus synchronization by mobile AI teams can be further developed in rural as well as urban areas. • Community animal health workers can function in rural areas but require institutional back up from regional and federal level authorities. • Linkages between feed companies and dairy cooperatives and/or private traders are emerging andAddressing demands of urban markets as driver for dairy development should be further developed into agro dealership networks • Linking district level cooperatives/ dairy groups to nearby larger consumption areas can be accomplished through collective action as well as involvement of private traders. • Negative effects of urban dairy systems on public health and the environment are starting to emerge and require appropriate legislation by policy makers. This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. P r o d u c e d b y I L R I K M I S J u n e 2 0 11

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