Dairy Genetics East AfricaProject Objectives & Sites<br />Presented by Okeyo Mwai(ILRI)<br />at the Launch of the Dairy Ge...
Problem Statement<br />Although past & current dairy improvement programs have clear livelihood potential&integrated appro...
Similar challenges but different  “strategies”<br />
Different<br />Environments-<br />different genetics!<br />
Who among these is happier?<br />
Objectives<br />Determine appropriate cattle genotypes for smallholder dairy farmers in Eastern Africa<br />Develop partne...
The approach<br /><ul><li>Application of high density snp technology to determine breed composition of cows owned by small...
Combine this with traditional and participatory appraisal of animal and farm performance
Development of a partnership including a fully articulated business model ready to implement delivery of germplasm in a su...
Change genotype but don’t change management<br />
Change management but don’t change genetics<br />
Change management and genotype<br />
Change management and genotype<br />
Optimum genotype depends on environment<br />
Site Selection<br /><ul><li>Criteria for sites:
Range of genotypes within sites: we need sites with a reasonable “mix” of breeds
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Dairy Genetics East Africa Project Objectives and Sites

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Presented by Okeyo Mwai at the Launch of the Dairy Genetics East Africa Project (DGEA), ILRI Campus, Nairobi, 9 February 2011

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Dairy Genetics East Africa Project Objectives and Sites

  1. 1. Dairy Genetics East AfricaProject Objectives & Sites<br />Presented by Okeyo Mwai(ILRI)<br />at the Launch of the Dairy Genetics East Africa ProjectILRI campus, Nairobi, 9 February 2011<br />
  2. 2. Problem Statement<br />Although past & current dairy improvement programs have clear livelihood potential&integrated approach (i.e.linking to markets; improving management and improving genetics)<br />Theylack clear genetic strategy!<br /> - default is often to upgrade to exotics<br />Even when conditions are unsuitable!<br />“no one-size-fits-all situations”<br />
  3. 3. Similar challenges but different “strategies”<br />
  4. 4. Different<br />Environments-<br />different genetics!<br />
  5. 5. Who among these is happier?<br />
  6. 6. Objectives<br />Determine appropriate cattle genotypes for smallholder dairy farmers in Eastern Africa<br />Develop partnership and business model to sustainably deliver the desired germplasm to smallholders<br />
  7. 7. The approach<br /><ul><li>Application of high density snp technology to determine breed composition of cows owned by small-holders
  8. 8. Combine this with traditional and participatory appraisal of animal and farm performance
  9. 9. Development of a partnership including a fully articulated business model ready to implement delivery of germplasm in a subsequent phase</li></li></ul><li>Some facts:<br />Huge interaction between genetics & environment <br />
  10. 10. Change genotype but don’t change management<br />
  11. 11. Change management but don’t change genetics<br />
  12. 12. Change management and genotype<br />
  13. 13. Change management and genotype<br />
  14. 14. Optimum genotype depends on environment<br />
  15. 15. Site Selection<br /><ul><li>Criteria for sites:
  16. 16. Range of genotypes within sites: we need sites with a reasonable “mix” of breeds
  17. 17. Agro ecological zones: sub-tropical through temperate AEZ
  18. 18. Logistics (accessibility): Easier logistics and access = lower costs and faster implementation
  19. 19. Relevant range of production levels and farming systems</li></li></ul><li>
  20. 20. Thank you<br />

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