Current research on developing collaborations across sectors for zoonoses prevention and control

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Presentation by Delia Grace at a national expert consultation on intersectoral coordination for prevention and control of zoonoses in India, New Delhi, India, 27 November 2013.

Presentation by Delia Grace at a national expert consultation on intersectoral coordination for prevention and control of zoonoses in India, New Delhi, India, 27 November 2013.

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  • 1. Current research on developing collaborations across sectors for zoonoses prevention and control National Expert Consultation on Intersectoral Coordination for prevention and control of zoonoses in India November 27, 2013 Hotel Royal Plaza, New Delhi Delia Grace International Livestock Research Institute CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH)
  • 2. Effectiveness Research 1. OH case studies – VSF 2. EH case studies - IDRC 3. OH initiatives – Bellagio group 4. OH clearing house 5. Ecohealth Journal 2
  • 3. Economics Research 1. Sharing resources: efficiency & effectiveness savings 2. Controlling diseases in the animal reservoir rather than human victim 3. Early detection and management of emerging threats 4. Pandemic prevention 5. Generating insights and adding value 3
  • 4. Costs & benefits of sharing resources Developing country health sector expenditure: 250 billion Developing country veterinary expenditure: 2 billion Typical share of budget Laboratory facilities 3% Education 7% Infectious disease campaigns 5% World Bank (2012) estimates 25% savings across a range of joint services for AI and 7% additional costs = net savings of 18% 4
  • 5. Costs of zoonotic disease outbreaks (US$ billion) Period Costs (conservative estimates) 1998-2009 38.7 2002-2004 Annual average 41.5 6 outbreaks other than SARS -Nipah virus (Malaysia), -West Nile fever (USA), -HPAI (Asia, Europe), -BSE (US), -Rift Valley Fever (Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia) - BSE (UK) costs in 1997-09 only SARS Total in 12 year period (1998-2009) Cost of averting 3.4 billion $ per year 80.2 6.7 b Source World Bank 2012 5
  • 6. Controlling diseases in animals and along the value chain chain • Major zoonoses historically controlled in the animal reservoir (Brucellosis, TB, rabies, livestock parasites) • Salmonella: Denmark reduced up to 95% in eggs, poultry and pork, by farm and VC intervention saving society US $25.5 million p.a (Wegnener et al) • Rabies: over a period of 6-15 years, dog vaccination & PE more cost effective than PE alone • Schistosomiasis: more effective when both cattle & people treated (Grey et al). Integrated programs generate $6 per $1 invested • Brucellosis: cost effective when benefits to all sectors considered (Roth et al) 6
  • 7. Political Economy Research 1. Emergence & development: STPH 2. Barriers & bridges: ILRI 7
  • 8. Agriculture Associated Diseases http://aghealth.wordpress.com/