Dissemination of ILRI-CSISA concentrate feed: A study of Samastipur and Muzaffarpur

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Presented by Braja Swain and Nils Teufel, ILRI at the Brainstorming Session on Improving Dairy Animals Productivity through efficient Feed and Fodder Interventions in Bihar, Patna, India, 25 July …

Presented by Braja Swain and Nils Teufel, ILRI at the Brainstorming Session on Improving Dairy Animals Productivity through efficient Feed and Fodder Interventions in Bihar, Patna, India, 25 July 2014

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  • 1. Braja Swain and Nils Teufel, ILRI Dissemination of ILRI-CSISA concentrate feed: A study of Samastipur and Muzaffarpur Brainstorming Session on Improving Dairy Animals Productivity through efficient Feed and Fodder Interventions in Bihar, Patna, India, 25 July 2014
  • 2. Background Livestock sector is an integral part of the socio-economic development of the Indian as well as Bihar economy as whole. Small-holder producers have found it difficult to transform their livestock production from a subsistence-oriented side activity to a profitable commercial venture. Feed alone accounts more than 60% of the total management cost of dairy animals.  From 2011 ILRI has been promoting the balanced concentrate feed to improve the milk yield Two blocks (Samastipur and Muzafarpur) were selected. 400 hundred farmers participated in ILRI-CSISA feeding trials or trainings Frequent trainings and demonstrations have been conducted in two blocks. 20 dairy farmers were trained at NDRI, Karnal to act as Local Resource Persons (LRP).
  • 3. Objectives  Identify the farmers adopting and not adopting ILRI- CSISA concentrate feed.  Identify the non-trial/training farmers who have heard about ILRI-CSISA feed and their sources of information.  Farmers responses towards ILRI-CSISA feed
  • 4. Data and Methods •Two blocks •Samastipur •Muzafarpur •Total 360 HHs •Participants (Trial/training): -160 •Non-participants : - 200 •Stratified random sampling •Simple tabulation
  • 5. Results: Adoption of ILRI-CSISA promoted feed and sources Indicators Participants Non-participants Number 160 200 Number of farmers Knows about ILRI-CSISA promoted feed 160 55 Number of farmers continuing 30 11 Sources of information of ILRI-CSISA promoted feed by informed non-participants Heard from neighbours 53 Heard from relatives 3 Heard from local services 0 Heard from ILRI-CSISA field guy 10 Heard from SHG 2
  • 6. Dissemination of ILRI-CSISA promoted feed technologies to other farmers [no. of farmers reached] Technologies Within village Outside village Total Nutritional requirements 213 109 322 Chopping straw 25 17 42 Feeding wheat bhusa 72 28 100 Feeding maize stover 10 5 15 About ILRI-CSISA feed 846 460 1306 How to preparing ILRI- CSISA feed 704 456 1160
  • 7. Reasons for adopting and not adopting ILRI_CSISA promoted feed Reasons for adopting ILRI-CSISA promoted Tech. % farmers out of adopters Reason for not adopting ILRI-CSISA promoted Tech. % farmers out of informed non- adopters Low cost technology 27 High cost technology 60 Easy to follow 39 Difficult to prepare 51 Can prepared local available resource 83 Resources not available locally 27 Increase milk yield 93 No change in milk yield 21 Improved animal health 98 No change in animal health 17 Low labour requirement 29 High requirement of labour 44
  • 8. Market availability (timely availability) across participant and non- participant farmers [% farmers] Participants (n=160) Non-participants (n=200) Total (n=360) Green fodder 67 (63) 80 (60.2) 75 (61) Brans 96 (96) 91 (90) 93 (95) Oils cakes 97 (97) 91 (96) 94 (97) Compound feed 99 (97) 95 (97) 97 (97) Mineral mixture 95 (94) 90 (94) 93 (94) Veterinary Service 98 (98) 94 (97) 96 (98) Credit 96 (81) 93 (79) 94 (80) Formal Dairy Market 98 (98) 94 (98) 96 (98) Informal Dairy Market 56 (81) 49 (88) 52 (85)
  • 9. Farmer’s knowledge before and after intervention Subjects Participants Non-participants Total Before int- vention After inter- vention Before int- vention After inter- vention Before int- vention After inter- vention breeding Average Improved Poor Improved Average Improved feed management Average No change Average No change Average No change nutrition needs for cattle Average No change Average Improved Poor Improved maize Stover feeding Average No change Average No change Average No change wheat straw feeding Average No change Average No change Average No change detect quality of dry fodder Average No change Average No change Average No change growing green fodder Average Improved Poor Improved Average Improved feeding oil cakes Average Improved Average No change Average Improved feeding balanced feed Average Improved Average Improved Average Improved preparing balanced feed Poor Improved Poor Improved Poor Improved feeding mineral mixture Poor Improved Poor Improved Poor Improved how to increase milk yield Average Improved Poor Improved Average Improved deworming/vaccination Average Improved Poor Improved Average Improved treat common diseases Average No change Poor No change Average No change
  • 10. Conclusion 20% of participants farmers are feeding the ILRI-CSISA promoted feed while only 6% non-participants feeding this. Out of non-participants sample farmers 28% farmers have heard about ILRI-CSISA promoted feed Neighbours are main source of dissemination of technology followed by project field staff Participant farmers have shared the information on how to prepare the ILRI-CSISA promoted feed among more than 1200 farmers. Knowledge on concentrate feed has improved after intervention Nevertheless, awareness of and training on balanced feeds among farmers should be further improved to increase adoption