Balanced concentrate feed field trial results in Samastipur and Muzaffarpur

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Presented by Dhiraj Singh and Nils Teufel, ILRI at the Brainstorming Session on Improving Dairy Animals Productivity through efficient Feed and Fodder Interventions in Bihar, Patna, India, 25 July 2014

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Balanced concentrate feed field trial results in Samastipur and Muzaffarpur

  1. 1. Dhiraj Singh and Nils Teufel, ILRI Balanced concentrate feed field trial results in Samastipur and Muzaffarpur Brainstorming Session on Improving Dairy Animals Productivity through efficient Feed and Fodder Interventions in Bihar, Patna, India, 25 July 2014
  2. 2. Objectives  To improve the crop-livestock farming system for better livelihood of small and marginalised farmer  Improving dairy animal’s productivity by feeding balanced concentrate feed promoted by ILRI-CSISA which is prepared by locally available feed ingredients.  Improving farmer’s knowledge on feed & fodder  Improve the knowledge of nutritional benefits of underutilised residue (eg. maize stover)  Improving farmers’ knowledge of mineral mixture feeding
  3. 3. ILRI-CSISA Activity - Bihar ACTIVITY AREA  Samastipur, Muzaffarpur  Vaishali, Begusarai, Ara”, Arwal and Patna – included for 2014-15 MAIN ACTIVITY  Conducting farmers’ training to improve knowledge on feeding  Promoting balance concentrate feed, which is prepared by locally available ingredients through SHGs and farmer group’s  Mineral mixture feeding  Better utilization of under-valued Crop Residues (eg. Maize) TARGET GROUP  Focus on women SHGs Mixing concentrate Training in NDRI
  4. 4.  No. of farmers trainings on feeding: 17 Participation: 1138 (M=693 F=445)  No. of demonstrations of ILRI-CSISA promoted balance concentrate feed mixing: 21 Participation: 1202 (M=730 F=472)  640 dairy farmer’s trials of ILRI-CSISA promoted balanced concentrate feed completed during 2013-14 under CSISA-Phase II  20 dairy farmer’s were trained at NDRI, Karnal to act as Local Resource Persons (LRP) ILRI-CSISA Activity – Bihar (2013-14)
  5. 5. Result of feeding trials Blocks Concentrate (Kg) Milk yield (Litre) Fat SNF Before After Before After Before After Before After Sarairanjan 3.79 3.67 9.08 10.67 3.80 4.02 7.80 8.04 Tajpur 4.58 3.53 8.66 9.72 3.18 3.94 7.97 8.32 Pusa 4.29 2.53 8.74 9.55 3.24 4.08 7.74 8.16 Muraul 3.86 3.58 8.13 9.47 3.30 3.93 7.67 8.02 Sakra 3.94 2.85 8.40 9.26 3.23 4.09 7.75 8.17 All 4.03 3.40 8.70 9.96 3.46 4.00 7.80 8.12 Change in Input & Output control and experiment- Block wise
  6. 6. Result of feeding trials Blocks Concentrate (Kg) Milk yield (Litre) Fat SNF Sarairanjan -0.12 1.58 0.42 0.48 Tajpur -1.05 1.06 1.52 0.70 Pusa -1.76 0.81 1.71 0.84 Muraul -0.28 1.34 1.25 0.70 Sakra -1.09 0.85 1.69 0.83 All -0.63 1.26 1.09 0.65 Changes in Input & Output - Block wise
  7. 7. Result of feeding trials Blocks Up to 0.5 Litre 0.5-1.0 Litre 1.0-1.5 Litre 1.5-2.0 Litre Above 2.0 Litre Sarairanjan 3.3 11.0 31.0 36.5 18.3 Tajpur 13.5 39.5 27.0 14.5 5.5 Pusa 21.7 53.3 21.7 2.5 0.8 Muraul 10.0 31.5 21.5 17.0 20.0 Sakra 13.3 60.8 21.7 3.3 0.8 All 9.8 31.1 26.3 20.8 12.1 Distribution of farmers by milk yield increase
  8. 8. Result of feeding trials Change in farmers concentrate cost and income - Block wise 12.8 -2.7 -18.0 9.9 -6.0 -0.8 47.0 46.1 40.0 49.0 42.3 44.9 Sarairanjan Tajpur Pusa Muraul Sakra All Change in cost of concentrate (Rs.) Gross profit (Rs.)
  9. 9. Estimates of milk production after adoption of ILRI- CSISA promoted Balanced Concentrate Feed Type of animals No. (million) Milk production (tonnes/day) Production increase (tonnes/day) Crossbreed Cattle 0.63 3877 634 Indigenous Cattle 2.14 6153 1072 Buffalo 1.94 7685 972 All 4.72 17715 2677 * assumed 1 litre increase in crossbreed yield, 0.5 litre for Indigenous and buffalo. ** overall milk production will increases by 15 percent.
  10. 10.  High adoption of ILRI-CSISA promoted balance concentrate feed on subsidized basis.  Higher degree of encouragement for ILRI-CSISA promoted balance feed among beneficiary farmers but less adoption. Possible Causes:  Higher cost than market feed.  No timely availability of balanced concentrate feed promoted by ILRI- CSISA in required quantity.  Business development – No any farmer is taking interest to prepare CSISA promoted balance concentrate feed at large scale for business (Except 5-6 farmers).  No facility of loan for purchase of ILRI-CSISA promoted balance concentrate feed. Problems in scaling-out
  11. 11.  Collaborate with leading Institutions in Bihar for scaling-out of feeding technology to a larger group of farmers  480 dairy farmers to be part of trials in (Vaishali, Arwal, Ara and Begusarai) districts of Bihar under ILRI-CSISA promoted balance concentrate feed through SHGs  96 trainings on feeding and demonstrations of technologies  400 dairy farmers under mineral mixture feeding trials  400 dairy farmers under efficient utilization of maize stover with nutritive enrichment in (Samastipur, Vaishali, Muzaffarpur and Begusarai) districts (major maize producing areas) of Bihar  Training of interested farmers to act as LRPs Future Plans for 2014-15

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