Presentation by Alan Duncan and Bruno Gerard (ILRI) to the Ethiopian Fodder Roundtable on Effective Delivery of Input Serv...
Why am I giving this talk? <ul><li>Because no-one else would! </li></ul><ul><li>This alone is evidence that livestock feed...
Constraint 1 <ul><li>Food security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>87.4 % of rural househ...
Constraint 2 <ul><li>Chronic shortage of biomass </li></ul>
Free grazing culture
Need for traction
=
<ul><ul><li>These all lead to very little biomass per animal </li></ul></ul>
Relative prices of biomass vs concentrate feeds <ul><li>Biomass sources such as crop residues have high market price compa...
Constraint 3 <ul><li>Dominance of arable production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of feed going into draught animals </li></u...
Constraint 4 <ul><li>Feed is an intermediate commodity </li></ul><ul><li>Forage markets are nascent </li></ul><ul><li>Fora...
Constraint 5 <ul><li>Private sector weakness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dominance of public sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D...
Constraint 6 <ul><li>Extension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good coverage but sectoral structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packa...
Constraint 7 <ul><li>Land tenure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reluctance to invest in perennial forage crops and fodder trees whe...
The way ahead <ul><li>Things are changing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dwindling grazing resources forcing other feed sources to ...
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Constraints to supply of high quality feed to smallholder livestock producers in Ethiopia – some reflections

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Presentation by Alan Duncan and Bruno Gerard
(ILRI) to the Ethiopian Fodder Roundtable on Effective Delivery of Input Services to Livestock Development, Addis Ababa, 22 June 2010

Published in: Technology, Business
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Constraints to supply of high quality feed to smallholder livestock producers in Ethiopia – some reflections

  1. 1. Presentation by Alan Duncan and Bruno Gerard (ILRI) to the Ethiopian Fodder Roundtable on Effective Delivery of Input Services to Livestock Development Addis Ababa, 22 June 2010
  2. 2. Why am I giving this talk? <ul><li>Because no-one else would! </li></ul><ul><li>This alone is evidence that livestock feed enhancement in Ethiopia is a hard nut to crack </li></ul>
  3. 3. Constraint 1 <ul><li>Food security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>87.4 % of rural households operated less than 2 hectares </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>64.5 % of them cultivated farms less than one hectare; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>40.6 % operated land sizes of 0.5 hectare and less </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsistence production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ The average farm size can generate only about 50% of the minimum income required for the average farm household to lead a life out of poverty” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on staple cereals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livestock markets for meat and milk not well developed. </li></ul></ul>www.future-agricultures.org (2000)
  4. 4. Constraint 2 <ul><li>Chronic shortage of biomass </li></ul>
  5. 5. Free grazing culture
  6. 6. Need for traction
  7. 7. =
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>These all lead to very little biomass per animal </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Relative prices of biomass vs concentrate feeds <ul><li>Biomass sources such as crop residues have high market price compared to concentrate feeds in Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects shortage of biomass </li></ul>
  10. 10. Constraint 3 <ul><li>Dominance of arable production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of feed going into draught animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop residues dominate in livestock diets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technologies aimed at enhancing CR doomed to fail since biomass is limiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple knowledge gap about potential production from high quality feeds – CR and free grazing are culturally strong </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Constraint 4 <ul><li>Feed is an intermediate commodity </li></ul><ul><li>Forage markets are nascent </li></ul><ul><li>Forage seed sector also suffers from being a further intermediate in the value livestock value chain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distortion of market by high prices paid for seed by NGO’s </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Constraint 5 <ul><li>Private sector weakness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dominance of public sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to do business – ltd support for business development among small-scale entrepreneurs </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Constraint 6 <ul><li>Extension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Good coverage but sectoral structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Package mode. Technologies </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Constraint 7 <ul><li>Land tenure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reluctance to invest in perennial forage crops and fodder trees when uncertainty about tenure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some progress with land certification </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The way ahead <ul><li>Things are changing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dwindling grazing resources forcing other feed sources to be considered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urbanization leading to increased demand for livestock products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are we about to see things moving? </li></ul></ul>

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