Consortium for Agricultural Research and Rehabilitation in Southern Sudan (CARRSS)

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A presentation by Richard Jones at the Workshop on Defining a Strategic Agricultural Research Agenda on Post-Crisis/Post-Shock Recovery in Highly Stressed Systems, Nairobi, May 22-23, 2008.

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Consortium for Agricultural Research and Rehabilitation in Southern Sudan (CARRSS)

  1. 1. Consortium for Agricultural Research and Rehabilitation in Southern Sudan (CARRSS) Presented by Richard Jones at the Workshop on Defining a Strategic Agricultural Research Agenda on Post-Crisis/Post-Shock Recovery in Highly Stressed Systems, Nairobi, May 22-23, 2008
  2. 2. Peace in Sudan <ul><li>Peace agreement signed in Jan, 05 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government of Sudan (GoS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One country two systems of government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Govt. of national unity in Khartoum (GoNU) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Govt. of S Sudan in Juba (GoSS) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) <ul><li>A framework for sustained peace, development and poverty eradication </li></ul><ul><li>Carried out by the World Bank and UN </li></ul><ul><li>Looked at eight thematic areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rule of law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productive sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic social services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livelihoods and social protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information and media </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Support to rural livelihoods <ul><li>Facilitate transition from supply-led programming to establishment of sustainable (market-driven) systems for service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be within a framework of broad-based efforts to protect and promote rural livelihoods (Longley et al, 2005) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Agricultural support measures <ul><li>To ensure that vulnerable farmers have access to agricultural inputs and services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Either through direct distribution or interventions designed to stimulate choice, such as vouchers; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To increase agricultural production through access to appropriate technology options </li></ul><ul><li>To increase rural incomes through the promotion of agricultural product and labor markets </li></ul><ul><li>To establish the capacity, structures and institutions necessary for sustainable delivery of inputs and services </li></ul><ul><li>To address vulnerability and social inequality through social protection and livelihood promotion </li></ul><ul><li>To promote the reforms necessary to address the structural causes of vulnerability </li></ul>
  6. 6. Justification for CGIAR engagement <ul><li>“ There is a need for a stronger focus on the complementary advantages of CGIAR centres and their research, so that their IPG outputs have a better chance of leading to local gains in terms of poverty alleviation. This will allow the IARCs to engage in R for D instead of R & D” (Ryan, 2005) </li></ul>
  7. 7. The CGIAR and post-conflict res. and rehab. <ul><li>Post-conflict rehabilitation included in the ASARECA strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nine of the potential 11 member countries have experienced conflict in the past decade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identified as a priority in the Eastern and Southern Africa Medium Term Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural success is a Regional Public Good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collective action is needed to create peace and stability & together with income and growth can be construed as an International Public Good </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accumulated experience of the CGIAR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Mozambique, Rwanda and Afghanistan </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Challenges <ul><li>Unacceptable levels of poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical isolation </li></ul><ul><li>Complex livelihood patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse agro-ecologies </li></ul><ul><li>Dispersed human capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Evolving state structures </li></ul><ul><li>High transaction costs </li></ul>
  9. 9. Establishment of CARRSS <ul><li>Consortium proposed in anticipation of peace in early 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>MoU signed between GoSS and the DG-ICRISAT in 2005 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Endorsed by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All 15 Centers of the CGIAR </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The World Vegetable Center (AVRDC) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The International Center for Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Why a consortium? <ul><li>Need for an innovation systems approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To strengthen engagement with emerging institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To establish an effective coordination system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To ensure effective synthesis, learning and dissemination of lessons (IPGs) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Developments to date <ul><li>First planning meeting in Yei from 23-28th October, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Second planning meeting in Yei from 23  26th May 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Submission of proposal to multi-donor trust fund in December, 07 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Research themes <ul><li>Theme 1: Identification and characterization of existing crops, tree and fodder species for investment and development </li></ul><ul><li>Theme 2: Development and improvement of technologies for integrated management of crop, livestock and tree systems to improve overall productivity </li></ul>
  13. 13. Contd… <ul><li>Theme 3: Targeted development of context-relevant high-value species </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building </li></ul>
  14. 14. Outstanding issues <ul><li>How do we operate in S Sudan? </li></ul><ul><li>Who needs ag research? </li></ul>

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