Partcipatory evaluaton of chicken health and production constraints in Ethiopia
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Partcipatory evaluaton of chicken health and production constraints in Ethiopia

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Poster prepared by E. Sambo, J. Bettridge, Tadelle Dessie, A. Amare, T. Habte, P. Wigley and R. Christley for the Annual Meeting of the Society of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, ...

Poster prepared by E. Sambo, J. Bettridge, Tadelle Dessie, A. Amare, T. Habte, P. Wigley and R. Christley for the Annual Meeting of the Society of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Madrid, Spain, 20-22 March 2013.

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Partcipatory evaluaton of chicken health and production constraints in Ethiopia Partcipatory evaluaton of chicken health and production constraints in Ethiopia Document Transcript

  • Par$cipatory  evalua$on  of  chicken  health   and  produc$on  constraints  in  Ethiopia   E.  Sambo1  ,  J.  Be.ridge1,2,  T.  Dessie2,  A.  Amare3,  T.  Habte3,  P.  Wigley1  and  R.  Christley1     1  Ins&tute  of  Infec&on  and  Global  Health,  University  of  Liverpool,  UK;  2  Interna&onal  Livestock  Research  Ins&tute,  Addis,  Ababa,  Ethiopia   3  Debre  Zeit  Agricultural  Research  Centre,  Ethiopian  Ins&tute  for  Agriculture  Research,  Debre  Zeit,  Ethiopia               Chicken  produc$on       • Backyard  chicken  producGon  is  important  for  income   generaGon  and  food  security,  especially  for  poor  rural  farmers   • It  is  oJen  the  only  source  of  independent  income  for  women   • Ethiopia  has  a  growing  number  of  semi-­‐intensive  farms  in  peri-­‐ urban  areas,  to  meet  the  increasing  demand  for  poultry   products  from  the  emerging  middle-­‐class  urban  sector   • The  area  around  Debre  Zeit  is  a  focus  of  poultry  producGon,   with  potenGal  access  to  several  local  insGtuGons  with  veterinary   and  agricultural  experGse  and  materials   Conclusions     • Constraints  in  accessing  agricultural  and  veterinary  inputs  and   experGse  affect  both  backyard  and  semi-­‐intensive  producers   • Although  poultry  development  schemes  are  cited  to  empower   women,  semi-­‐intensive  farms  are  usually  controlled  by  men   • Provision  needs  to  be  made  so  that  a  wide  range  of  business   models  can  access  inputs,  especially  for  those  with  limited  capital,   such  as  women,  who  may  need  to  build  up  a  flock  slowly   • Constraints  are  likely  to  be  more  acute  elsewhere,  as  they  will  be   compounded  by  lack  of  infrastructure   Methods     • Eight  focus  group  discussions  were  held  with  41  backyard   producers  in  villages  around  Debre  Zeit   • Semi-­‐structured  interviews  were  held  with  31  individual             semi-­‐intensive  farmers   • Topics  discussed  included:   ₋ livelihood  and  livestock  acGviGes     ₋ poultry  management     ₋ constraints  to  poultry  producGon   ₋ poultry  diseases,  clinical  signs  and  risk  factors   ₋ biosecurity  measures   • Simple  ranking,  proporGonal  piling,  seasonal  calendars  and   transect  walks  were  used  to  collect  data   Results     • ParGcipants  agreed  that  chicken  producGon  was  important  for   women,  yet  they  tend  to  manage  backyard  flocks,  whereas  men   oJen  control  semi-­‐intensive  flocks   • Chicken  producGon  was  not  a  primary  source  of  income.  Most   farmers  were  engaged  in  mixed  livelihood  acGviGes,  and  semi-­‐ intensive  producers  oJen  had  non-­‐agricultural,  salaried  work   • ParGcipants  could  recognise  and  describe  a  variety  of  diseases,   and  had  good  knowledge  about  potenGal  risk  factors   • Biosecurity  was  poor,  and  veterinary  products  and  experGse  hard   to  access,  leading  to  inappropriate  use  of  drugs  and  vaccines,   therefore  disease  was  sGll  a  constraint  for  both  types  of  producer   30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Semi-intensive producers (a) Production constraints Score 1 2 3 4 5 0 2 4 6 8 10 Backyard producers Neighbours Predators Poor production Shelter Vet services Poor markets Day-old chicks Disease Feed 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (b) Diseases 0 2 4 6 8 10 Endoparasites Pasteurelosis CRD Fowl pox Eye disease Ectoparasitism Coccidiosis Diarrhoea NCD 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (c) Risk factors 0 2 4 6 8 10 Lack of vaccines Trade of sick birds Carcases Dew Season Scavenging Early rain/grass Poor management Poor biosecurity 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (d) Veterinary services 0 2 4 6 8 10 Lack of drugs Ineffective drugs Small flock size Lack of vaccines Lack of expert vets Vet accessibility Cost 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Semi-intensive producers (a) Production constraints Score 1 2 3 4 5 0 2 4 6 8 10 Backyard producers Neighbours Predators Poor production Shelter Vet services Poor markets Day-old chicks Disease Feed 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (b) Diseases 0 2 4 6 8 10 Endoparasites Pasteurelosis CRD Fowl pox Eye disease Ectoparasitism Coccidiosis Diarrhoea NCD 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (c) Risk factors 0 2 4 6 8 10 Lack of vaccines Trade of sick birds Carcases Dew Season Scavenging Early rain/grass Poor management Poor biosecurity 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (d) Veterinary services 0 2 4 6 8 10 Lack of drugs Ineffective drugs Small flock size Lack of vaccines Lack of expert vets Vet accessibility Cost 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Semi-intensive producers (a) Production constraints Score 1 2 3 4 5 0 2 4 6 8 10 Backyard producers Neighbours Predators Poor production Shelter Vet services Poor markets Day-old chicks Disease Feed 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (b) Diseases 0 2 4 6 8 10 Endoparasites Pasteurelosis CRD Fowl pox Eye disease Ectoparasitism Coccidiosis Diarrhoea NCD 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (c) Risk factors 0 2 4 6 8 10 Lack of vaccines Trade of sick birds Carcases Dew Season Scavenging Early rain/grass Poor management Poor biosecurity30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (d) Veterinary services 0 2 4 6 8 10 Lack of drugs Ineffective drugs Small flock size Lack of vaccines Lack of expert vets Vet accessibility Cost 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Semi-intensive producers (a) Production constraints Score 1 2 3 4 5 0 2 4 6 8 10 Backyard producers Neighbours Predators Poor production Shelter Vet services Poor markets Day-old chicks Disease Feed30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (b) Diseases 0 2 4 6 8 10 Endoparasites Pasteurelosis CRD Fowl pox Eye disease Ectoparasitism Coccidiosis Diarrhoea NCD 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (c) Risk factors 0 2 4 6 8 10 Lack of vaccines Trade of sick birds Carcases Dew Season Scavenging Early rain/grass Poor management Poor biosecurity 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (d) Veterinary services 0 2 4 6 8 10 Lack of drugs Ineffective drugs Small flock size Lack of vaccines Lack of expert vets Vet accessibility Cost