CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and                    Fish:         Achieving proof of scale  for food security and p...
The challenge   Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculture    development to benefit the poor?    o Mixed record t...
Correcting perceptions1.   Animal-source foods are a luxury and bad for     health, so should not promote2.   Small-scale ...
1. Animal-source foods are a luxury and            bad for health, so should not promote      Evidence?Nearly everyone co...
Need to put health risks     into perspective:Consumption will remain low   for the great majority            Rosegrant et...
2. Small-scale production and marketing systems        disappearing; sector quickly industrializing      Evidence?Nearly ...
3. Livestock and aquaculture development will        have negative environmental impacts      Evidence?Increasing product...
Production efficiency – developed countriesIncreasedfootprint peranimal, but2/3 less perkg of milk                        ...
3. Livestock and aquaculture development will        have negative environmental impacts      Evidence?Increasing product...
Are we missing an opportunity?   Livestock and Blue Revolutions: accelerating    demand in developing countries as urbani...
Managing the transition   Estimates for smallholders in Africa and Latin    America (Wiggins 2012; Dorward 2009) :    1/3...
But productivity gap remains despiteinvestment in livestock development    Biomass is calculated as inventory x average li...
But productivity gap remains despiteinvestment in livestock development (2)      Source: (Steinfeld et al 2006)
Aquaculture lagging as well  annual growth rate of aquaculture 2007-2015 needed  to satisfy fish demandsource: Cai (2011)
A smarter approach?   Drawing from recent experiences, can we    accelerate research to impact?   Objective of new CGIAR...
GoalMore m ilk, m e a t a nd fis h by a nd for the p o o r To sustainably increase the productivity of small-scale livesto...
Basic Idea: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact             Traditional approach was piecemeal       Past research has f...
Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact#1: Addressing the whole value chain#2+3: Working directly to impact at sca...
#4 Focus, focus, focus!Working in only 9 target value chains                    SHEEP & GOATS      AQUACULTURE            ...
Status   Partnership of 4 CGIAR Centers     ILRI     WorldFish Center     CIAT     ICARDA   Officially started Janua...
3-year Budget Envelope by ComponentTOTAL Approved = US$99.6m2/3’s funding secured
Thank you More meat, milk and fish by and for the poorCGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish: Achieving proof of scale for food security and poverty reduction

780 views

Published on

Presented by Tom Randolph (ILRI) at the G20 Meeting of Agricultural Chief Scientists, Guadalajara, Mexico, 25 September 2012

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
780
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • The recent food price crisis has given renewed emphasis to ensuring the world’s population has access to the food they need. This has confirmed the CGIAR’s role in helping to increase agricultural productivity, including that of animal agriculture. The challenge is to make our animal agricultural research translate faster into meaningful impact. Our response to this challenge has been to define a specific initiative on livestock and fish as one of the new CGIAR research programs
  • But Animal agriculture has an image problem that we will be working to correct. 3 critical perceptions may be limiting appropriate levels of investment in animal R4D. Let me go through 1 by 1
  • Consumption rates remain low. And so for health risks, we need to keep perspective…..though certainly there will be higher income or urban groups whose consumption will begin creating health issues
  • We know that livestock and aquaculture is associated with significant environmental trade-offs, particularly in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and issues of waste management. Appropriate development of small-scale systems can mitigate these trade-offs
  • If we put those concerns into perspective, it then becomes apparent that we may be missing a window of opportunity to use smallholder animal agriculture for win-wins that help us achieve multiple objectives
  • Let’s put the transition into perspective
  • Although annual per capita fish consumption in Low-Income Food Deficit Countries (LIFDCs) has been growing the rate of growth has been small. Moreover, in southern Africa, where fish constitutes more than half of all animal protein consumed, per capita consumption has actually been falling due to a combination of population growth, static or reducing supplies from capture fisheries, increased cost of imports and the failure of aquaculture.
  • Tag line sums up well…
  • A weakness of our research approach to date has been its piecemeal nature. By this I mean… To address this, our initiative is adopting 4 key features for a ‘business unusual’ approach
  • CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish: Achieving proof of scale for food security and poverty reduction

    1. 1. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish: Achieving proof of scale for food security and poverty reduction Tom Randolph G20 Meeting of Agricultural Chief Scientists Guadalajara, Mexico, 25 September 2012
    2. 2. The challenge Can research accelerate livestock and aquaculture development to benefit the poor? o Mixed record to date o Systematic under-investment o Also related to our research-for-development model? Focus of new CGIAR Research Program o Increase productivity of small-scale systems o ‘by the poor’  poverty reduction o ‘for the poor’  food security
    3. 3. Correcting perceptions1. Animal-source foods are a luxury and bad for health, so should not promote2. Small-scale production and marketing systems are disappearing; sector is quickly industrializing3. Livestock and aquaculture development will have negative environmental impacts
    4. 4. 1. Animal-source foods are a luxury and bad for health, so should not promote Evidence?Nearly everyone consumes some animal-source food intheir diet, and for good reason: o Dense sources of critical high-quality nutrients o Important role of diet diversity o Enhances bioavailability of micronutrients from plant-based foods o Improves growth and cognitive development o So, strategic for nutritionally challenged populations
    5. 5. Need to put health risks into perspective:Consumption will remain low for the great majority Rosegrant et al. 2009
    6. 6. 2. Small-scale production and marketing systems disappearing; sector quickly industrializing Evidence?Nearly a billion people rely on livestock and aquaculturein small-scale production and marketing systems for theirlivelihoods Small farms responsible for >50% of livestock production across much of Africa and Asia
    7. 7. 3. Livestock and aquaculture development will have negative environmental impacts Evidence?Increasing productivity in small-scale systemssignificantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions per unit ofproduct
    8. 8. Production efficiency – developed countriesIncreasedfootprint peranimal, but2/3 less perkg of milk 8 Capper et al., 2009
    9. 9. 3. Livestock and aquaculture development will have negative environmental impacts Evidence?Increasing productivity in small-scale systemssignificantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions per unit ofproductSmall-scale systems more likely to recycle waste
    10. 10. Are we missing an opportunity? Livestock and Blue Revolutions: accelerating demand in developing countries as urbanization and incomes rise Industrial systems will provide a large part of the needed increase in supply to cities and the better- off in some places But the poor will often continue to rely on small- scale production and marketing systems If able to respond, they could contribute, both increasing supplies and reducing poverty …and better manage the transition for many smallholder households
    11. 11. Managing the transition Estimates for smallholders in Africa and Latin America (Wiggins 2012; Dorward 2009) : 1/3 Will ‘step up’ to become commercial farmers 1/3 Will ‘step out’ and work for other, go to the city 1/3 Could go either way Can 2/3 be enabled to develop into commercial producers, accumulate capital and transition out of agriculture?  deeper rural economic growth  avoid social disruption (Johnston et al. 1995)
    12. 12. But productivity gap remains despiteinvestment in livestock development Biomass is calculated as inventory x average liveweight. Output is given as carcass weight. Source: (Steinfeld et al 2006)
    13. 13. But productivity gap remains despiteinvestment in livestock development (2) Source: (Steinfeld et al 2006)
    14. 14. Aquaculture lagging as well annual growth rate of aquaculture 2007-2015 needed to satisfy fish demandsource: Cai (2011)
    15. 15. A smarter approach? Drawing from recent experiences, can we accelerate research to impact? Objective of new CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish
    16. 16. GoalMore m ilk, m e a t a nd fis h by a nd for the p o o r To sustainably increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems to increase the availability and affordability of animal-source foods for poor consumers and, in doing so, reduce poverty through greater participation by the poor along the whole value chains for animal-source foods.
    17. 17. Basic Idea: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact Traditional approach was piecemeal Past research has focused specific aspects of given value chains, commodities and country. Consumers ...in Country A Consumers ...in Country B Consumers ...in Country C Consumers ...in Country D
    18. 18. Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact#1: Addressing the whole value chain#2+3: Working directly to impact at scale with development partners R4D integrated to transform selected value chains In targeted commodities and countries. Consumers Major intervention with development partners Value chain development team + research partners Strategic L&F CRP Cross-cutting Platforms • Technology Generation • Market Innovation • Targeting & Impact INTERVENTIONS TO GLOBAL RESEARCH SCALE OUT REGIONALLY PUBLIC GOODS
    19. 19. #4 Focus, focus, focus!Working in only 9 target value chains SHEEP & GOATS AQUACULTURE PIGS DAIRY
    20. 20. Status Partnership of 4 CGIAR Centers  ILRI  WorldFish Center  CIAT  ICARDA Officially started January 1st, 2012 Engaging with partners Consolidating ongoing activities, and developing strategy by component and value chain
    21. 21. 3-year Budget Envelope by ComponentTOTAL Approved = US$99.6m2/3’s funding secured
    22. 22. Thank you More meat, milk and fish by and for the poorCGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish

    ×