CARE Ethiopia Pastoral Livelihoods Programs in Oromia Region

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Presented by Charles Hopkins at the Workshop on Developing Index-Based Livestock Insurance to Reduce Vulnerability due to Drought-related Livestock Deaths, ILRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 12 July 2010.

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CARE Ethiopia Pastoral Livelihoods Programs in Oromia Region

  1. 1. CARE Ethiopia Pastoral Livelihoods Programs in Oromia Region Charles Hopkins Workshop on Developing Index-Based Livestock Insurance to Reduce Vulnerability due to Drought-related Livestock Deaths ILRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 12 July 2010
  2. 2. Projects in Borana <ul><li>6 woredas in Borana zone & 3 field office: Yabello, Moyale & Dire </li></ul><ul><li>Pastoralist Livelihood Initiative – p II </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Resilience Against Drought – P II </li></ul><ul><li>Global Water initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency Interventions – based on need </li></ul><ul><li>These projects increased resilience to Shocks </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pastoral development challenges <ul><ul><li>Repeated cycles of drought; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased population pressure; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climatic variability and change; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource based conflicts & decreased morbidity; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global food prices and globalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to Basic Services; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of livelihoods assets & agri. Encroachment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rangeland/natural resource degradation, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate investment in the dry lands. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. CARE Pastoral Program <ul><li>NRM - integral part of our pastoral livelihood interventions (e.g. rangeland mgt) </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen customary rules – control, govern access & resource use (e.g. training & exchange visit) </li></ul><ul><li>Preparedness & resilience to shocks (e.g. drought related interventions) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic security & mutual support to women & girls saving groups, & cooperatives, through diversified engagement in pastoral economy </li></ul><ul><li>Improve animal health (e.g. mass vaccination & training of CAHWs </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Program Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock production health and marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Srengthing early warnings systems </li></ul><ul><li>Rangeland development </li></ul><ul><li>Economic empowerment of pastoralist women </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Good Practices’ studies for wider sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention, care and support for HIV AIDS patients & Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis response to drought emergency – Crisis Modifier </li></ul>Pastoral Livelihoods Initiative (PLI 2) May 2009 – March 2013 Protecting and strengthening the lives of pastoralist and ex- pastoralists in Oromia and Afar Regions
  6. 6. Global Water Initiative (GWI) <ul><li>Program Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the scale of IWRM interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to water related shock risk management </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen community understanding of sustainable water resource management and environmental protection </li></ul><ul><li>Build local communities water management capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Address trans-boundary issues in water basin management </li></ul>Reducing the vulnerability of pastoralist communities in the lowlands of Borana, to water-related shocks and improve their quality of life through Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) 
  7. 8. Regional Resilience Enhancement Against Drought (RREAD 2) July 2009 – June 2010 <ul><li>Enhancing pastoralist adaptive coping strategies to drought through </li></ul><ul><li>improved response and preparedness </li></ul><ul><li>Program Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation of water points along migratory/grazing routes </li></ul><ul><li>Logistical support for strategic livestock vaccinations against diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Support to local authorities in drought preparedness, mitigation and early response through contingency fund </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock off take / commercial de-stocking </li></ul><ul><li>Income generating activities </li></ul>
  8. 9. Enhanced Livelihoods in Pastoralist areas of Southern Ethiopia (ELSE ) <ul><li>Increasing self-reliance of the targeted population in drought prone pastoral areas of Southern Ethiopia and improving livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Program Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Livelihood protection during drought triggered emergencies </li></ul><ul><li>Improved livestock health and marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Income generation activities </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resource management (Holistic Management) </li></ul><ul><li>Peace building and conflict mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>“Pastoral Voice” in dry land policy </li></ul>October 2007 – February 2009 (extended with RCU until March 2009)
  9. 10. IBLI type of intervention <ul><li>Index based livestock insurance program </li></ul><ul><li>Work with the govt. cooperative office </li></ul><ul><li>Work with existing women groups, cooperatives, </li></ul><ul><li>Work with customary institutions – awareness raising </li></ul><ul><li>Work closely with CARE & partners – access to pastoral communities - research </li></ul><ul><li>Timely info to pastoralist on climate </li></ul>
  10. 11. Info to pastoralist helps timely decision
  11. 12. Timely decision will help pastoralist avoid asset loss
  12. 13. involve Women, Youth & Elders
  13. 14. Support pastoralist make the right decision
  14. 15. Livestock are grazing during the dry period
  15. 16. Challenges perceived – getting pastoralist to invest – level of private investment
  16. 17. The way forward
  17. 18. The way forward <ul><li>Private sector engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce pastoral asset loss </li></ul><ul><li>Work closely with the government decentralized structure </li></ul><ul><li>Work closely with the Customary institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Timely information </li></ul>
  18. 19. The Future
  19. 20. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>

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