The transition towards a global bioeconomy: Opportunities and challenges for Africa

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Presented by Calestous Juma on 16 March 2011 at the Bio-Innovate launch.

Calestous is a Professor of the Practice of International Development and Director of the Science, Technology, and Globalization Project at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. He also directs the Agricultural Innovation in Africa Project funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

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  • The Singularity is Near Ray Kurzweil
  • Potential breadfruit growing areas.
  • Breadfruit produces more food per area than other starchy staple crops suchs as corn, rice, and wheat, with fewer inputs of labor and materials, such as fertilizer. Myraid advantages to growing a tree crop vs a field crop.
  • Based on analysis of 94 varieties of breadfruit at the Breadfruit Institute, National Tropical Botanical Garden. Kahanu Garden, Hana, Maui. Protein levels comparable or better to other starchy staple crops, such as banana, cassava and sweet potato. Some varieties as good as rice and close to minimum levels provided by maize.
  • Potential breadfruit growing areas.
  • Breadfruit-based agroforestry system in Micronesia. Typical on hillsides. Studies report >100 useful plants, a 2000 year old system of sustainable agriculture. Important for watersheds.
  • The transition towards a global bioeconomy: Opportunities and challenges for Africa

    1. 1. THE TRANSITION TOWARD A GLOBAL BIOECONOMY Opportunities and Challenges for Africa Calestous Juma Bio-Innovate Launch, ILRI, Nairobi, 16 March 2011
    2. 4. THE NEW HARVEST Agricultural Innovation in Africa
    3. 5. Misplaced optimism <ul><li>“ The book’s sense of optimism appears to be driven less by the changes taking place in rural Africa than by the conversations taking place around Boston, Massachusetts, where the author is based.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Gouglas Gollin, Science , Vol. 332, March 11. </li></ul>
    4. 6. A biosciences future <ul><li>“ [T]he author suggests that with greater investments in human capacity, ‘[b]ioinformatics could do for Africa what computer software did for India.’ Perhaps this is true, as a statement of remote possibility. But given the current state of biological research in sub-Saharan Africa—and the distance by which the region lags behind China, India, and other countries—it seems farfetched.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Gouglas Gollin, Science , Vol. 332, March 11. </li></ul>
    5. 12. Infrastructure for mobility and connectivity
    6. 13. Technical education, engineering
    7. 14. Business incubation
    8. 15. Growth in knowledge
    9. 17. 2003 300,000,000 2007 1,000,000 2008 60,000 2012 1,000 2020 100
    10. 21. Mobile communication
    11. 26. Broadband
    12. 28. Eassy International submarine cable Malawi Seacom International submarine cable 88.68 48P 83.54 48P 71.12 48P 79.30 48P 104.16 48P 78.53 48P 109.65 48P 123.35 24P Zambia 91.65 48P 88.17 24P 74.56 48P 111.99 48P 110.96 24P 140.23km 48P 54.98 24P 23.92 24P 134.94 48P 99.44 48P 108.79 48P 66.72 48P 81.54km 48P 143.40 48P 116.33 24P 34.56 48P Rwanda Uganda 肯尼亚 肯尼亚 Kenya Burundi
    13. 29. 4 Ducts 3 Ducts 1 Duct Electrogaz
    14. 31. Genomics
    15. 36. Productivity *100 breadfruit trees/ha (20 t/ha fresh fruit) Crop Yields (t/ha) dry weight Breadfruit* 6.0 Corn 4.0 Rice 4.1 Wheat 2.6 Cassava 10.0
    16. 37. Protein content: flour <ul><ul><li>Range 1.8 - 7.6 % </li></ul></ul>Banana, cassava 2.8% Sweet potato 3.6% Rice 7.1 % Corn 8 - 11% Courtesy: AMP Jones, UBC Okanagan
    17. 47. Governing innovation
    18. 48. Executive leadership
    19. 49. Regional integration
    20. 50. Coordinated action
    21. 52. Expert advice
    22. 53. Science and technology diplomacy
    23. 54. Risk perception and management
    24. 56. [email_address] cjuma30@gmail.com belfercenter.org/global twitter.com/calestous facebook.com/calestous

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