The status of science, technology and tnnovation (STI) policies in Eastern Africa


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Presented by Nicholas Ozor (African Technology Policy Studies Network) at the First Bio-Innovate Regional Scientific Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25-27 February 2013

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The status of science, technology and tnnovation (STI) policies in Eastern Africa

  1. 1. The Status of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policies in Eastern Africa Dr Nicholas Ozor African Technology Policy Studies Network (ATPS) First Bio-Innovate Regional ScientificConference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25-27 February 2013
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation• Rationale for STI policy• Status of STI Policies in eastern Africa• Institutional Capacities, Research and Development (R&D) Activities• Achievements in STI policy in eastern Africa• Challenges in STI policy development and implementation in eastern Africa• Strategy for Sustainable STI Policy implementation in eastern Africa
  3. 3. Rationale for STI policy• STI as driving force behind recent economic revolution in many emerging countries• STI underpin every one of the Millennium Development Goals (UN, 2005)• STI policy creates enabling environment for R&D, private sector investment and good governance
  4. 4. Status of STI and related policies in eastern AfricaCountry National STI policy Biotechnology/Biosafety Biosafety Regulatory Regime Intellectual Property right PolicyBurundi On-going No stand-alone bio-safety policy National Bio-safety Framework (2006). Burundian Investment Code (2009) protects all is available. Biosafety bill (2006). intellectual property such as patents, copyrights and trademarksEthiopia National STI Policy first National Biotechnology Policy Bio-safety Proclamation (2009), Ethiopian Intellectual Property Policy (2003), approved in 1993, revised (Draft) (2001), National National Bio-safety Framework (2007) and approved in 2012. Biodiversity Conservation and Research Policy (1998), Agricultural Biotechnology Policy (1993)Kenya National Science and National Biotechnology Regulations and Guidelines for Bio-safety Industrial Property Act, (2001) Technology Act (1977), Development Policy (2006), and Biotechnology (1998), National STI Policy approved National Biotechnology and Bio- Bio-safety Act (2009), in January 2013 safety Policy (2007), Bio-safety Act implementing regulations (2011),Uganda National STI Policy approved National Biotechnology and Bio- Biosafety bill (2009) Laws governing IP Rights: Copyright and in 2009, safety Policy (2008) Neighbouring Rights Act (2006), Copyrights and Neighbouring Right Regulations (2006), Patents Act (1993), Patents (Amendment) Act (2002), Patent Regulations, Trademarks Act (2010), Trade Secrets Protection Act, 2009, Industrial Property Act 2004, The National Environment Regulations, 2005(Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing)Rwanda National STI policy (2005) National Bio-safety Policy National Bio-safety Framework, NBF, Rwandan Intellectual Property Policy (2009), contained in the National Bio- (2005), safety Framework 2005. National Bio-safety Bill (2006), Intellectual Property Law (2009)Tanzania National S&T policy (1996) National Biotechnology Policy National Bio-safety Framework (NBF), No IP policy yet but there are a number of (2009), (2005), Environmental management Act institutions engaged in IP issues such as CAP 191 (2004), Biosafety regulations Tanzania Intellectual Property Rights Network (2009), National Environmental Policy (TIP-Net) (1997),
  5. 5. Institutional Capacities, R&D Activities4 priority areas of STI capacity and researchneeds 1. Knowledge generation: equipping research and academic institutions with state-of-the- art facilities for R&D 2. Knowledge acquisition: interventions through education and training in STI at all levels
  6. 6. Institutional Capacities...4 priority areas of STI capacity andresearch needs 3.Knowledge transfer: using platforms such as technology hubs, science parks, incubation programs, etc 4.Innovation culture: inculcating an entrepreneurial, innovative culture at all levels of society, including business, the public sector, and universities.
  7. 7. Achievements in STI policy• Integration of STI into National Development Plans;• Development of Biotechnology policies, bio- safety frameworks and acts;• Promotion of STI research programmes especially in biotechnology;• Establishment of research centers of excellence, research universities and institutions;• promotion of education and training in science and technology
  8. 8. Challenges in STI policy development and implementation in Eastern Africa• Low level of investment• Uncertainties in the operationalization of STI policy documents;• Limited public, private partnerships in bioscience issues;• Lack of awareness on the potentials of modern bio-innovation research outputs, its associated benefits and risks;• Poor development and implementation of IP and Biosafety laws
  9. 9. Strategies for Sustainable STI Policy implementation in eastern Africa• Strengthening the existing frameworks for effective implementation of the STI/Bioscience Policies• Establishment of STI Hub• Establishment of Innovation Funds• Capacity building/strengthening at all levels• Value chain development through entrepreneurship and extension services• Building a National System of Innovation (NSI)
  10. 10. Conclusion• Most eastern African countries have National STI/Bioscience policies including biotechnology policies, biosafety policies and biosafety frameworks.• Governments’ recognition of the role of STI in development agenda of eastern Africa countries is an important step towards the realization of economic change and sustainable development
  11. 11. Conclusion 2• The successful implementation of the STI/Bioscience policies and frameworks will rely heavily on the commitment of government and stakeholders
  12. 12. Acknowledgement SIDA Bio-Innovate BIPCEA Team
  13. 13. Thank