Status of development, registration and use of bio-pesticides in Tanzania
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Status of development, registration and use of bio-pesticides in Tanzania

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Presented by Patrick Ngwediagi at the Regional Experts Workshop on Development, Regulation and Use of Bio-pesticides in East Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, 22–23 May 2014

Presented by Patrick Ngwediagi at the Regional Experts Workshop on Development, Regulation and Use of Bio-pesticides in East Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, 22–23 May 2014

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Status of development, registration and use of bio-pesticides in Tanzania Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 5/26/20141 Status of development, registration and use of bio-pesticides in Tanzania Patrick Ngwediagi Regional Experts Workshop on Development, Regulation and Use of Bio-pesticides in East Africa, Nairobi, Kenya, 22–23 May 2014
  • 2. OUTLINE  INTRODUCTION – TANZANIA, SUPPORTIVE POLICIES & STRATEGIES  CURRENT STATUS  Legal & Institutional Frameworks  Procedure & Types of registered products  RECOMMENDATIONS 5/26/20142
  • 3. TANZANIA: Geographical facts  Tanzania is located just south of the Equator and covers 937,060 Km2  It is a United Republic .. estimated population of over 44 m people, making the largest nation in the Eastern African region both in land area and population It is the only country in the region bordering 8 countries in total
  • 4. 5/26/20144
  • 5. INTRODUCTION  Agriculture is a leading economic sector in Tanzania.  It provides a livelihood to about 80% of the population.  It is the primary source of food and raw materials  Accounts for about 24.7 % of GDP  It is the second export sector after mining in terms of foreign earnings  Current policies and strategies aims at 6% annual growth and 10% in the long run 5/26/20145
  • 6.  In collaboration with other stakeholders (private sector and DPs) the Government is committed to transform agriculture through:  Strategies: ASDS  Initiatives: KILIMO KWANZA Resolve  Synergies: SAGCOT, FEED THE FUTURE  Programmes: ASDP, CAADP (through TAFSIP) Aim: Boosting agricultural production and productivity  Availability and accessibility of agricultural productive inputs (seeds, fertilizers and agro- pesticides) is crucial 5/26/20146
  • 7. DEFINITIONS/TYPES Bio-pesticides and Biological Control Agents  In some literature and also during discussions with the stakeholders, bio-pesticides and biological control agents are grouped together  Sometimes the terms are used interchangeably??  However, they are different 5/26/20147
  • 8. What is Bio-pesticides  Biopesticides, a contraction of 'biological pesticides’, include several types of pest management intervention.  The term has been associated historically with biological control - and by implication - the manipulation of living organisms  Regulatory positions can be influenced by public perceptions Types of Bio-pesticides  Microbial pesticides  Plant pesticides  Biochemical pesticides 5/26/20148
  • 9. DEFINITIONS/TYPES Cont. What is Biological Control Agents  Biological control agents are parasites and predators of pests and their eggs (eg.Trichogramma) 5/26/20149
  • 10. CURRENT STATUS DEVELOPMENT OF BIOPESTICIDES  No formal development /production in TZ  Most of the available products are imported/being tested in Tanzania  Local bio-pesticides (esp. biochemical pesticides are available at research centres  Collaboration with CGIAR 5/26/201410
  • 11. CURRENT STATUS…  REGISTRATION OF BIOPESTICIDES & BIOLOGICAL AGENTS  Legal & Institutional Frameworks  Two legislation system (Union and Zanzibar for non Union matters)-Constitutional requirement 5/26/201411
  • 12. TANZANIA MAINLAND  There are a number of regulatory frameworks for pesticides management  Plant Protection Act, No. 13 of 1997 (Cap. 133 R.E 2002) & its Regulations of 1998  The Tropical Pesticides Research Institute Act, No. 18 of 1979 (Cap.161 R.E 2002) & Regulations 1984  The legislations are aimed at managing & control i.e registration, quality and potency verification and surveillance  There are other related legislations (EMA, Biosafety Regulations etc) 12
  • 13. Registration Cont.  The PPA of 1997 establishes the National Plant Protection Advisory Committee (NPPAC) NPPAC is a scientific advisory agent to the Minister on matters concerning registration and use of plant protection substances  The Regulations, 1998 establishes 4 Sub- committees  Two of them are more relevant : Pesticides Approval and Registration Technical Sub Committee (PARTS) Biological Control Agents Subcommittee (BCAS) 5/26/201413
  • 14. Registration Cont.  PARTS is responsible for approval of technical test results for registration and importation of pesticides (Advise to NPPAC)  BCAS is responsible for approval of technical test results for registration of any biological agent and importation (Advise to NPPAC)  According to the PPA, 1997, the division responsible for plant protection services of the Ministry acts as the Secretariat of the NPPAC  The NPPAC Secretariat is responsible for implementation of the decisions of NPPAC 5/26/201414
  • 15. Registration cont.  Section 32 of PPA empowers the Minister responsible for agriculture to appoint any competent research institute and delegate to it such powers or duties  Through a Ministerial order the Minister has delegated such powers to The Tropical Pesticides Research Institute (TPRI)  Registrar of Pesticides and Biological Control Agents is appointed by the Minister but based at TPRI 5/26/201415
  • 16. REGISTRATION PROCEDURE (Based on Regulations of 1998)  Fill in appropriate forms and submit to the Registrar with Dossiers and label draft  The label draft must be in two versions – Kiswahili and English  Pay the experimental registration fees (1000- 1500 USD)  Submit 3 samples of the candidate product (2 for field trial and 1 for lab. analysis – quality verification)  Submit Analytical Standards – for qualitative and quantitative analysis. 5/26/201416
  • 17. Reg. Procedures cont.  The Registrar submits the test report to the applicable Subcommittee (PARTS /BCAS) for scrutiny  PARTS/BACAS report must be submitted to NPPAC for approval  Upon approval the candidate product is upgraded from experimental registration category to either provisional or restricted registration category 5/26/201417
  • 18. Registration categories 1. Experimental category: Candidate product is not allowed into the market for any use 2. Provisional category: Product is allowed in the market for intended use only for two years 3. Restricted category: Product should be handled and applied by technical/professional personnel 4. Full registration category: Product shall be in this not more than 5 years. Thereafter its registration must be renewed  The upgraded products from time to time are gazetted by order of the Minister 5/26/201418
  • 19. Biopesticides Registration status  Bio-pesticides registered or in the process of registration at different stages/categories is as follows: (List: Next slide) 5/26/201419
  • 20. List of Biopesticides  Bactivec (Bt): For Mosquito control [EXP]  Griselesf (Bs): Against mosquito [EXP]  Vectobac WDG (Bt): Mosquito larva control [FULL]  Vectolex (Bt): [FULL]  Pyegar 35EC (Natural pyrethrum + Garlic extract):- Various insect pests [FULL]  Nimbecidine 0.03% (Azadirachtin):- Insecticides for ornamental and turf [FULL]  Neemraj Super (Azadirachtin):- Control of bollworm on cotton [FULL] 5/26/201420
  • 21. Bio-Agents Registration status  Currently there is no single biological control agent registered in Tanzania  Department of Crop Development is currently testing a biological control agent Beauveria bassiana formulation (Bb) in controlling storage pest, the Larger Grain Borer (LGB).  TAHA has identified 32 bio control agents and has proposed to the Ministry its registration fast- tracking  TAHA also has requested the government to review the registration system of biolgical control agents 5/26/201421
  • 22. ZANZIBAR  Zanzibar PPA of 1997 is almost similar to the Mainland PPA of 1997  However, in Zanzibar pesticides registration is currently handled by the Zanzibar Food and Drugs Board (ZFDB) in accordance with its law  The Zanzibar government have agreed to amend the two laws and move the registration provisions to PPA  Currently biopesticide/biological agent is registered in Zanzibar  Test Results and pesticides registered by TPRI are accepted in zanzibar 5/26/201422
  • 23. RECOMMENDATIONS  Build capacity of the enforcement institutions i.e. PHS, TPRI and other regulatory authorities and laboratories in order to effectively enforce the existing legislation.  Finalize review and updating existing legislations (Plant Protection Act; Tropical Pesticides Institutes Act), if possible put them under one roof  Have specific provisions on registration of bio- pesticides  Harmonize within the region 5/26/201423