Improving production potential of sorghum    and finger millets through genetic  improvement and participatory farmer     ...
Why sorghum & finger millet• Widely cultivated throughout the  East African region• Well adapted for dry and semi-arid  tr...
• Major drawback to  increased sorghum and  millet production• Low competitiveness of  both crops in terms of  yield and m...
Biotic and abiotic stresses further       compromises the yield
• Exploiting genetic diversity through crop genetics  provides one of the most effective ways to address  both challenges•...
• Both field and green  house experiments  under controlled  environments were  used
Reaction of sorghum genotypes to Striga,          foliar diseases and drought                  Head         Striga     wt ...
• To promote  variety adoption a  participatory  variety selection  is being used
Development of niche specific sorghum             varieties• Nutrient analysis of  promising lines• Trials on poultry  and...
Overview of finger millet work: See           poster for details• Focus drought, tillering  ability, blast resistance  and...
• Crosses between  cultivated finger  millet and wild  relatives(allotetraplo  ids) of diverse  origins are possible  prod...
• Reaction of F2  plants to drought  stress
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Improving production potential of sorghum and finger millets through genetic improvement and participatory farmer research for development

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Presented by Biruma M., Dramadri I., Liri C., Mayada M. Beshir, Bombom A. and Okori P. at the First Bio-Innovate Regional Scientific Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25-27 February 2013

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Improving production potential of sorghum and finger millets through genetic improvement and participatory farmer research for development

  1. 1. Improving production potential of sorghum and finger millets through genetic improvement and participatory farmer research for development Biruma M., Dramadri I., Liri C., Mayada M. Beshir, Bombom A. and Okori P.
  2. 2. Why sorghum & finger millet• Widely cultivated throughout the East African region• Well adapted for dry and semi-arid tropical regions• Earmarked as critical crop investment vehicles that can help deliver the millennium development goals
  3. 3. • Major drawback to increased sorghum and millet production• Low competitiveness of both crops in terms of yield and market penetration due to limited value added products
  4. 4. Biotic and abiotic stresses further compromises the yield
  5. 5. • Exploiting genetic diversity through crop genetics provides one of the most effective ways to address both challenges• The goal of our work is to improve yield performance of both crops by: 1. Developing sorghum genotypes with multiple resistance (focus foliar diseases [Anthracnose & TLB], drought and striga 2. Development of niche specific sorghum varieties 3. Utilise wild finger millet relatives to improve cultivated finger millet
  6. 6. • Both field and green house experiments under controlled environments were used
  7. 7. Reaction of sorghum genotypes to Striga, foliar diseases and drought Head Striga wt 100gr. Height DTF GLA Vigour Ant. TLBGenotype (/m²) (g) wt (g) (cm) (Days) (%) (1-5) (1-5) (1-5)120 0 84.9 2.42 76.7 69 100 3.0 2.5 3.5121 0 41.3 2.83 79.6 74 100 2.6 1.0 2.2MUK31 10 105.1 2.70 134.9 59.7 94.6 2.0 1.0 1.1MUK13 19 89.3 2.71 134.3 58.3 98.9 2.6 1.1 1.2ANT47 15 97.7 2.46 65.2 63.4 96.8 3.4 1.9 1.0BAS 42 82.9 3.26 80.5 69 92 1.5 3.0 3.4MUK154 43 101.4 1.94 118.7 59.4 81.9 1.9 3.0 1.9ENT26 44 68.3 2.54 137.4 66.9 92.7 2.9 2.2 2.6E78 48 81.2 2.92 153.8 64.6 90.0 2.2 3.5 2.6MUK27 49 108.7 2.91 197.1 62.6 79.8 2.7 1.1 2.0ANT33 53 65.0 1.70 183.5 70.6 87.4 2.0 1.4 2.0ENT173 54 58.9 2.89 137.8 58.2 79.0 2.4 3.4 3.0
  8. 8. • To promote variety adoption a participatory variety selection is being used
  9. 9. Development of niche specific sorghum varieties• Nutrient analysis of promising lines• Trials on poultry and piggery feed formulations
  10. 10. Overview of finger millet work: See poster for details• Focus drought, tillering ability, blast resistance and grain yield improvement• Crosses between the cultivated and wild relative (E. africana & E. kigeziensis)
  11. 11. • Crosses between cultivated finger millet and wild relatives(allotetraplo ids) of diverse origins are possible producing superior fertile hybrids.• Potential for tillering, earliness, drought and high grain yield improvement
  12. 12. • Reaction of F2 plants to drought stress

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