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Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema

Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema



Presented by Kahsay Berhe at the Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011.

Presented by Kahsay Berhe at the Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011.



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    Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema Presentation Transcript

    • Banana Value Chain Development IPMS Experience in Metema Kahsay Berhe Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop ILRI, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011
    • Outline
      • Introduction
      • Initial interventions
      • Follow up, observations and lessons
      • Actions taken
      • Current status
      • Outstanding challenges
      • Opportunities
      • Summary
    • Why banana?
      • Suitable agro-ecology
      • Adequate perennial rivers
      • Poor quality local cultivar
      • Willing farmers
      • Good potential market because it can effectively compete with the high priced banana coming from Arba Minch
      … and the most important reason was
    • Introduction of banana
      • Introduced the desired cultivar (Dwarf Cavendish) to a willing farmer and OoA nursery
      • Organized field days to raise awareness which created demand
    • Introduction of banana……
      • Farmers contributed money to purchase suckers
      • Facilitated the purchase and transport of suckers along with OoA
    • From introduction to expansion
      • Training of DAs (ToT) banana production  by a senior regional BoA staff
      • Women and youth groups organized to establish banana plantation
      • Farmer field days/festivals
      • Audio visual “ irrigated banana development in Metema ” used to spread knowledge to farmers in other PAs
      • Annual irrigation day
      • Suitability map prepared
      • Enabling environment
      • Created market contacts with traders in Gondar and Bahir Dar
      • Farmer to farmer sucker supply
    • Farmer to farmer sucker supply
    • Continuous follow-up, observing, learning …
      • Farmers purchased many water pumps
      • Farmer to farmer sucker supply system well established– no need for external inputs
      • Demand for suckers from neighboring Woredas increased
      • Banana is currently grown in many neighbouring woredas and more than 75% of the PAs in Metema
      • Ready markets for banana from seasonal laborers
      • Farmers started integrating livestock with banana
    • Continuous follow-up, observing, learning …
      • Difficulty in transporting banana during rainy season
      • Ripening of banana became critical to marketing
      • Gondar market required volumes higher than can be produced by individual farmers
      • Some diseases appeared
      • Some groups failed due to poor management
      • Some water pumps failed
      • Cultivation around river banks caused erosion
    • Banana cultivation around river banks
    • Actions taken
      • Trained farmers in pump repair by OoA water pump expert
      • Facilitated linkages between banana producers and private pump repair services
      • Regular field visits made by experts
      • Facilitated linkages between farmers and agrochemical dealers
      • Facilitated ripening training on “ Chella ” house techniques
    • Underground ripening
    • Aboveground ripening
    • Commercial “ Chella ” house ripening
    • Actions taken…
      • Formed marketing groups for collection, transport, and sale
      • Made linkages with EHDA and Bioversity International for future technical support and marketing
      • Facilitated sale of suckers to neighboring Woredas
      • Conducted scaling up/out training to administrators and OoA experts at zonal level
      • Made advisory visits to neighboring Woredas
      • Demonstrated river bank stabilization using various fodder species
    • Current status
      • Linkages with private pump repair services and agrochemical shops well established and functioning
      • Adoption of river bank stabilization additional source of feed for livestock fattening and apiculture development in some areas
      • “ Chella” house in Gondar opened by one trader but closed because of lack of continuous supply and volume
      • Banana farmers near small towns and seasonal labor markets are well established – some women opened retail shops
      • Few farmers with poor road access to markets abandoned banana production
    • Outstanding challenges
      • Penetration of Gondar markets and beyond requires
        • Strong collective action to increase volume
        • Improvement of road infrastructure
        • Changes in the existing marketing arrangements needed
      • Possible water shortage because of increased banana production
      • Panama disease – a potential threat
    • Opportunities
      • The regional government has given more attention to irrigation and horticultural development in Metema which is expected to help solve bottlenecks in banana production
      • Banana introduction was instrumental in the broader horticulture development in Metema
      • Further exploration of synergy between irrigated banana and fattening
      • Export potential
    • Summary
      • Resource based
      • Participatory and demand driven
      • Market orientation
      • Business principles
      • Value chain considerations
      • Continuous engagement
      • Technologies alone are not enough to bring about development but value chain approaches
    • Thank you