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Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema
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Banana value chain development: IPMS experience in Metema

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Presented by Kahsay Berhe at the Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011.

Presented by Kahsay Berhe at the Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011.

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  • 1. Banana Value Chain Development IPMS Experience in Metema Kahsay Berhe Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop ILRI, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011
  • 2. Outline
    • Introduction
    • Initial interventions
    • Follow up, observations and lessons
    • Actions taken
    • Current status
    • Outstanding challenges
    • Opportunities
    • Summary
  • 3. Why banana?
    • Suitable agro-ecology
    • Adequate perennial rivers
    • Poor quality local cultivar
    • Willing farmers
  • 4.
    • Good potential market because it can effectively compete with the high priced banana coming from Arba Minch
    … and the most important reason was
  • 5. Introduction of banana
    • Introduced the desired cultivar (Dwarf Cavendish) to a willing farmer and OoA nursery
    • Organized field days to raise awareness which created demand
  • 6. Introduction of banana……
    • Farmers contributed money to purchase suckers
    • Facilitated the purchase and transport of suckers along with OoA
  • 7. From introduction to expansion
    • Training of DAs (ToT) banana production  by a senior regional BoA staff
    • Women and youth groups organized to establish banana plantation
    • Farmer field days/festivals
    • Audio visual “ irrigated banana development in Metema ” used to spread knowledge to farmers in other PAs
    • Annual irrigation day
    • Suitability map prepared
    • Enabling environment
    • Created market contacts with traders in Gondar and Bahir Dar
    • Farmer to farmer sucker supply
  • 8. Farmer to farmer sucker supply
  • 9. Continuous follow-up, observing, learning …
    • Farmers purchased many water pumps
    • Farmer to farmer sucker supply system well established– no need for external inputs
    • Demand for suckers from neighboring Woredas increased
    • Banana is currently grown in many neighbouring woredas and more than 75% of the PAs in Metema
    • Ready markets for banana from seasonal laborers
    • Farmers started integrating livestock with banana
  • 10.  
  • 11. Continuous follow-up, observing, learning …
    • Difficulty in transporting banana during rainy season
    • Ripening of banana became critical to marketing
    • Gondar market required volumes higher than can be produced by individual farmers
    • Some diseases appeared
    • Some groups failed due to poor management
    • Some water pumps failed
    • Cultivation around river banks caused erosion
  • 12. Banana cultivation around river banks
  • 13.  
  • 14. Actions taken
    • Trained farmers in pump repair by OoA water pump expert
    • Facilitated linkages between banana producers and private pump repair services
    • Regular field visits made by experts
    • Facilitated linkages between farmers and agrochemical dealers
    • Facilitated ripening training on “ Chella ” house techniques
  • 15. Underground ripening
  • 16. Aboveground ripening
  • 17. Commercial “ Chella ” house ripening
  • 18. Actions taken…
    • Formed marketing groups for collection, transport, and sale
    • Made linkages with EHDA and Bioversity International for future technical support and marketing
    • Facilitated sale of suckers to neighboring Woredas
    • Conducted scaling up/out training to administrators and OoA experts at zonal level
    • Made advisory visits to neighboring Woredas
    • Demonstrated river bank stabilization using various fodder species
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21. Current status
    • Linkages with private pump repair services and agrochemical shops well established and functioning
    • Adoption of river bank stabilization additional source of feed for livestock fattening and apiculture development in some areas
    • “ Chella” house in Gondar opened by one trader but closed because of lack of continuous supply and volume
    • Banana farmers near small towns and seasonal labor markets are well established – some women opened retail shops
    • Few farmers with poor road access to markets abandoned banana production
  • 22. Outstanding challenges
    • Penetration of Gondar markets and beyond requires
      • Strong collective action to increase volume
      • Improvement of road infrastructure
      • Changes in the existing marketing arrangements needed
    • Possible water shortage because of increased banana production
    • Panama disease – a potential threat
  • 23. Opportunities
    • The regional government has given more attention to irrigation and horticultural development in Metema which is expected to help solve bottlenecks in banana production
    • Banana introduction was instrumental in the broader horticulture development in Metema
    • Further exploration of synergy between irrigated banana and fattening
    • Export potential
  • 24. Summary
    • Resource based
    • Participatory and demand driven
    • Market orientation
    • Business principles
    • Value chain considerations
    • Continuous engagement
    • Technologies alone are not enough to bring about development but value chain approaches
  • 25. Thank you

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