IPMS Project background and approach
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IPMS Project background and approach



Presented by Dirk Hoekstra at the opening of Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011.

Presented by Dirk Hoekstra at the opening of Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011.



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IPMS Project background and approach IPMS Project background and approach Presentation Transcript

  • Background and approach IPMS project
    Dirk Hoekstra
    Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop
    ILRI, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011
  • Outline presentation
    • Background
    • Approach
    • Diagnosis and planning
    • Implementation
    • Concluding remarks
  • Background
  • Policy environment
    The Ministry started formulating new policies aimed at transforming subsistence agriculture into a more market oriented agricultural system some 10 years ago.
    This was reflected in the PASDEP for the period 2005-2010.
  • PASDEP Emphasis
    From subsistence
    To market oriented
  • PASDEP Emphasis
    Gender balanced development
    Increased cooperative/private sector involvement
  • CIDA Ministerial visit to Ethiopia resulted in willingness to finance IPMS project
  • Approach
  • How do you implement such a market oriented strategy??
    What should be the approach? Will it be the same as for food security and natural resource management?
    How do we design/test it?
  • Possible answer to the approach question
    Adopting a participatory market oriented commodity value chain approach
    So what does it mean and how does it complement previous approaches
    Development through field testing and learning
  • Participatory market oriented commodity value chain approach
    Processing and marketing
    Agri business
    ♂ ♀
    Production based on improved technologies
    Research , extension education
    ♂ ♀
    ♂ ♀
    Agri business
    public sector
    Inputs /services
    ♂ ♀
    Project components
    Studies and documentation
    Recommendations for scaling out
  • Testing in 10 Districts
  • The process
    M&E and learning
    Commodity development
    Commodity development
    M&E and learning
    Diagnosis & planning
  • Role of partners and IPMS
    Partners are implementing the interventions
    IPMS acts as:
    Facilitator: for the introduction of the new approach through technical assistance and finance for partners
    Partner: for extension and research (studies, documentation, synthesis) activities
  • Diagnosis & planning
  • Initial planning
    • Diagnose/determine
    • Farming systems – different resources/potentials
    • Marketable commodities – which ones?
    • Value chain actors roles and linkages
    • Design
    • Production, input/service, processing and marketing interventions
    • Knowledge and capacity development interventions to fill diagnosed gaps
  • Diagnosis & planning methods and processes
  • Gender diagnosis
    Butter & women in rural areas in all Regions
    Toolkit to diagnose HIV/AIDS situation and idea sheet on potential interventions
  • Environment
    Use of agri chemicals
    Lowering water tables
  • Implementation
    1st round
  • Implementation
    Commodity value chain interventions
    Knowledge/skills development interventions
    Monitor, evaluate and learn
  • Commodity development
  • Awareness (demand) creation in District and communities
    Workshops, meetings
    Study tours
  • Dairy value chain development 1
  • Dairy value chain development 2
  • Knowledge management and capacity development
  • Overall approach
    Based on diagnosed gaps in knowledge and skills
    Service providers
    Value chain actors in particular farmers.
  • Ethiopian Agricultural Portal
  • Use of Woreda Knowledge Centre
    Computer use and internet access
    Documentation from various sources
  • Other methods of knowledge capturing and sharing
    Study tours
    Field days
  • Capacity development service providers
    Subject matter training
    Computer training
  • MSc/BSc education and research
    Assessing market potentials coffee varieties
    Presenting results to the beneficiaries
  • Farmers skills and knowledge development in FTCs
    Demonstration areas
    Class room teaching with audio
  • Women skills development
    Practical training husband and wife
    Targeting women groups
  • Drama group to increase awareness on HIV/AIDS
  • Training materials and working papers
  • Monitoring & evaluation and learning
  • Methods and tools
    Follow up visits by service providers
    Field days
    Meetings platforms/Woreda Advisory and Learning Committees (formal and informal)
  • Implementation
    2cd round
  • Sequential interventions
    Production of bananas
    Ripening of bananas
  • Sequential interventions
    Onion seed production
  • Sequential interventions
    Flowering of leguminous plants in communal grazing areas
    Which can be used for apiculture
  • Concluding remarks
  • So was a new approach developed?
    • At District level
    • Various knowledge management interventions operational
    • Service providers and farmers capacitated for market oriented development
    • Linkages between producers, other value chain actors and service providers operational
    • Change to commercially oriented agriculture using modern technologies
    • Alternative input supply , service delivery systems and marketing intervetions operational
    • Role of extension starts changing from input supplier to knowledge broker and facilitator of linkages
    • At regional and federal level
    • EAP operational and increased understanding of the importance of knowledge for development
    • Selected regional and federal level staff capacitated for market oriented development
    • Increased understanding of value chain development
  • Main lessons & lessons
    • Development is a continuous process which requires continuous engagement new responses and involvement of new actors and service providers
    • Role of commercially oriented value chain actors can be the engine for development
    • Key areas for future development, to increase production in the Districts:
    • Regional/federal level support system
    • Supply of inputs and services and
    • Processing and marketing of products beyond the District.
  • Thank You