0
Analysis of African Swine Fever epidemiology and pig value chains to underpin design of an ASF 
risk management strategy o...
Pathways for change: biosecurity 
to enhance food security and 
strengthen animal industries 
t
th
i li d t i
Noelina Nant...
Outline
1. Introduction
2. Objective of the study
2. Objective of the study
3. Significance of the study
4. Materials and ...
1.0 Introduction
1 0 Introduction
• Pig rearing has considerable potential in raising 
household incomes of the rural smal...
2.0 Objective of the study
2 0 Objective of the study
To assess small holder pig farmers awareness, knowledge
and percepti...
3.0. Significance

Why assess feasible biosecurity measures?
Wh
f ibl bi
it
?
Only good biosecurity will 
yg
y
prevent spr...
4.0 Materials and Methods
4.0 Materials and Methods
• The project developed simple 
biosecurity messages to explain 
how A...
Uganda-Luganda,
Uganda-Luganda
Samia, Ateso,
Japhadola
Kenya-Swahili,
Samia, Ateso,
Samia Ateso Luo
-Calendar distributed
...
In the study site, farmers 
were not conscious that 
were not conscious that
ASF virus could be spread 
by  infected pigs ...
In the study site , 
25% of farms fed 
5% of farms fed
their pigs on swill 
in addition to 
other food stuffs

In the stud...
• Farmers said that it is 
g
good to isolate pigs but 
pg
it is not be possible for 
breeding boars 

In the study site, 
...
In the study site, farmers  
said that they have never 
said that they have never
heard about disinfectants 
nor  knew tha...
Some farmers said  that when 
pigs die, they slaughter and share 
meat with neighbors and 
meat with neighbors and
relativ...
In the study site , farmers 
were not aware that they 
supposed to report sick 
d
i k
pigs to the vet. 6% said 
they have ...
4.0. Materials & 
Methods
• F
Focus Group Discussions
G
Di
i
(FGDs) held to test and
get feedback from farmers
t f db k f
...
4.0. Materials & 
Methods
Developed check 
• Developed check
list to guide  FGDs
• Conducted the 
FGDs
• Meetings of 8‐12 ...
5.0 RESULTS 
5.1 Number of villages aware of each message
Number of villages with at least some people who were
aware of t...
5.2. Level of awareness 
5.2. Level of awareness
Number of villages with at least some p p who were
g
people
aware of the ...
5.3 Capacity to change
5 3 Capacity to change
• Farmers said they 
are willing to do 
something but it 
something but it
n...
5.3 Capacity to change
p
y
g
What people need to improve
What people need to improve
• Provide better breeds that 
mature ...
5.3 Capacity to change
p
y
g
What people need to improve
What people need to improve
• Provide technical advice on 
pig ke...
5.3 Capacity to change
p
y
g
What people need to improve
What people need to improve
• Provide regular training to 
farmer...
6.0 Implications for ASF Control
6 0 Implications for ASF Control
•G
Generally farmers were not aware of 
ll f
t
f
most of...
6.0 Implications for ASF Control
6 0 Implications for ASF Control
•T
To understand what farmers know and perceive 
d t d h...
7.0 Way Forward
7 0 Way Forward
• Involve all stakeholders in ASF control; farmers, 
;
,
traders, butchers, services provi...
ASF PROJECT TEAM
ASF PROJECT TEAM
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Pathways for change: Biosecurity to enhance food security and strengthen animal industries

311

Published on

Presented by Noelina Nantima at the closing workshop of the BecA‐ILRI‐CSIRO‐AusAID project on Understanding ASF epidemiology as a basis for control, Nairobi, Kenya, 2‐3 October 2013

Published in: Technology, Lifestyle, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
311
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Pathways for change: Biosecurity to enhance food security and strengthen animal industries"

  1. 1. Analysis of African Swine Fever epidemiology and pig value chains to underpin design of an ASF  risk management strategy on the Kenya‐Uganda border Closing workshop of the BecA‐ILRI‐CSIRO‐AusAID project (2011‐13): Understanding  ASF epidemiology as a basis for control 2nd‐3rd October, 2013. Sarova PanAfric Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya Project Presentation: Noelina Nantima MAAIF, Uganda Pathways for change: biosecurity to enhance food security and strengthen animal industries
  2. 2. Pathways for change: biosecurity  to enhance food security and  strengthen animal industries  t th i li d t i Noelina Nantima Noelina Nantima Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry  and Fisheries, Uganda d Fi h i U d
  3. 3. Outline 1. Introduction 2. Objective of the study 2. Objective of the study 3. Significance of the study 4. Materials and Methods 5 Results 5. Results 6. Implications for ASF control 7. Way forward
  4. 4. 1.0 Introduction 1 0 Introduction • Pig rearing has considerable potential in raising  household incomes of the rural small holder poor  farmers • Outbreaks of ASF hampering the development of the  pig sector  i pg g y g • Almost all pigs that get affected by ASF die leading to  loss of income and food security • Current strategies to control ASF are aimed at Current strategies to control ASF are aimed at  improving biosecurity
  5. 5. 2.0 Objective of the study 2 0 Objective of the study To assess small holder pig farmers awareness, knowledge and perception of appropriate ASF biosecurity practices and feasibility of adoption in four neighboring districts Study Area along the Uganda-Kenya boarder • • • • Uganda Busia & Tororo districts Kenya Teso & Busia districts
  6. 6. 3.0. Significance Why assess feasible biosecurity measures? Wh f ibl bi it ? Only good biosecurity will  yg y prevent spread of ASF Farmer awareness of ASF  biosecurity is a  prerequisite for adoption Farmer Jennifer Swara using a disinfectant foot bath for the first time Smallholder capacity to  Smallholder capacity to adopt ASF biosecurity  measures was unknown  k
  7. 7. 4.0 Materials and Methods 4.0 Materials and Methods • The project developed simple  biosecurity messages to explain  how ASF virus spreads and  simple measures to control it Messages were developed on a  • Messages were developed on a poster calendar • Poster calendar produced for Poster calendar produced for  Kenya and for Uganda • Translated messages into local  g g languages 7 |
  8. 8. Uganda-Luganda, Uganda-Luganda Samia, Ateso, Japhadola Kenya-Swahili, Samia, Ateso, Samia Ateso Luo -Calendar distributed after the crosssectional study to avoid bias -Meetings held to explain the messages to the farmers‘
  9. 9. In the study site, farmers  were not conscious that  were not conscious that ASF virus could be spread  by  infected pigs getting in  contact with healthy pigs or  contact with healthy pigs or by people movement/on  people’s feet In the study site, pigs  are tethered some of  the time, never   , housed,  some free  range during the  night  and some after  g crop harvest 
  10. 10. In the study site ,  25% of farms fed  5% of farms fed their pigs on swill  in addition to  other food stuffs In the study site,  farmers  said   that they used  swill that does  not contain pork not contain pork
  11. 11. • Farmers said that it is  g good to isolate pigs but  pg it is not be possible for  breeding boars  In the study site,  farmers  were not aware  that pigs looking  that pigs looking apparently healthy  could be incubating ASF g
  12. 12. In the study site, farmers   said that they have never  said that they have never heard about disinfectants  nor  knew that they are  supposed to be used In the study site , 4%  of farmers  interviewed  said  that they use   disinfectants on their  disinfectants on their farms
  13. 13. Some farmers said  that when  pigs die, they slaughter and share  meat with neighbors and  meat with neighbors and relatives and sell the balance. it is  a taboo to bury pigs, it is  throwing away luck and wealth,  some said it is throwing away  id i i h i food and money. Some said they  throw in the bush. • In the study site,  farmers  were not  aware that ASFV can  aware that ASFV can be spread through  infected dead pigs or  pg pork or bones 
  14. 14. In the study site , farmers  were not aware that they  supposed to report sick  d i k pigs to the vet. 6% said  they have ever reported  they have ever reported • In the study site, farmers  said that   there no vets in some area/vets are  too few & do not take action when  contacted, charge farmers & put  contacted charge farmers & put quarantines , farmers have no  benefit in reporting ASF p g
  15. 15. 4.0. Materials &  Methods • F Focus Group Discussions G Di i (FGDs) held to test and get feedback from farmers t f db k f f Study Area on the messages • 24 FGD in 13 villages FGDs i ill • Villages selected i l based on; d purposively b • -poor and less poor • -swill f di and not ill feeding d t • -near main town and more remote t • ASF outbreak and no ASF
  16. 16. 4.0. Materials &  Methods Developed check  • Developed check list to guide  FGDs • Conducted the  FGDs • Meetings of 8‐12  people both men  l b h and women • 2 interviews  separate men&  separate men& women  m Farmer focus group about biosecurity Alupe village, Uganda p g , g
  17. 17. 5.0 RESULTS  5.1 Number of villages aware of each message Number of villages with at least some people who were aware of the biosecurity message. highest awareness was movement of pigs 8 Numb of vil ber llages 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Confine pigs Feeding Bringing new  pigs on the  pigs on the farm Reporting Cleaning Disposal of  dead pigs dead pigs Movement of  pigs  pigs
  18. 18. 5.2. Level of awareness  5.2. Level of awareness Number of villages with at least some p p who were g people aware of the biosecurity message. Number o of villages wh here focus g groups held 6 5 The level of awareness of biosecurity messages f bi it was generally very low 4 3 2 1 0 0 1 2 3 Number of messages 4 5 6 7
  19. 19. 5.3 Capacity to change 5 3 Capacity to change • Farmers said they  are willing to do  something but it  something but it needs institutional  change 
  20. 20. 5.3 Capacity to change p y g What people need to improve What people need to improve • Provide better breeds that  mature fast • Construct model pig units Construct model pig units • Provide learning Aids. • Provide ready market for  selling pigs selling pigs
  21. 21. 5.3 Capacity to change p y g What people need to improve What people need to improve • Provide technical advice on  pig keeping, treatment and  disease control • Provide loan facilities  through microfinance through microfinance  institutions (feeds, drugs) • Compensate farmers when  they lose pigs due to ASF they lose pigs due to ASF
  22. 22. 5.3 Capacity to change p y g What people need to improve What people need to improve • Provide regular training to  farmers in good pig  farmers in good pig farming practices • Compensate farmers  when they lose pigs due when they lose pigs due  to ASF • I Increase availability and  il bilit d accessibility of affordable  veterinary services
  23. 23. 6.0 Implications for ASF Control 6 0 Implications for ASF Control •G Generally farmers were not aware of  ll f t f most of the biosecurity measures (aver  most of the biosecurity measures (aver 77.7%) this could be one of the reasons  why there are sporadic outbreaks of ASF •D l Develop a holistic and participatory  h li ti d ti i t approach in the designing, development  approach in the designing, development and implementation of feasible  biosecurity practices
  24. 24. 6.0 Implications for ASF Control 6 0 Implications for ASF Control •T To understand what farmers know and perceive  d t d h tf k d i p y as barriers to adoption of biosecurity.  • If farmers do not understand and appreciate,  they will not adopt  biosecurity practices. • N df Need for regular sensitization and training of  l iti ti dt i i f p y farmers on the importance of biosecurity in the  prevention and control of ASF
  25. 25. 7.0 Way Forward 7 0 Way Forward • Involve all stakeholders in ASF control; farmers,  ; , traders, butchers, services providers (private,  government), agro vets, NGOs, law enforcement,  government) agro vets NGOs law enforcement consumers etc. • What innovations could help farmers to change? compensation? insurance for pig farmers? incentives to farmers who report?  f h ? Construction of an abbattoir where sick pigs could  pg be proceeded properly to kill the virus n the prok is  sold
  26. 26. ASF PROJECT TEAM ASF PROJECT TEAM
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×