Integrate women into the existing social contextTechnical versus political orientation underlie their popularityGender as characteristic of individuals vs of society, institutions…sex disaggreg; gap fillingGTAs:Address the causes of gender inequality and not just the symptomsSocial context something to act on vs within; more complex understanding of gender: indiv, interactions, institutions
Sustained outcomes: hypothesis to test…get at causes of problems (poverty, gender inequality) so solns hopefully longer lasting.How to chg gender norms etc, what package of interventions, is key res Q for GTAs in VC RinD, as well as link to outcomes.
Livestock and Fish Gender Theme updates
Livestock and Fish Gender Theme UpdatesKathleen ColversonLivestock and Fish Annual Review and Planning MeetingMay 20-22, 2013Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Outcome of 3.7 Gender Strategy“Poor women, men and marginalizedgroups have improved and more equitableaccess to affordable animal source foodsthrough gender equitable interventions”
Expected Impacts of Gender Strategy:• Greater access to and control over new technologies,resources, leadership and market opportunities amongpoor women and men engaged in the selected valuechains.• Improved household food and nutrition securityoutcomes and equality across household members forpoor women and men value chain actors and forconsumers of more affordable and accessible animalsource foods.
Expected Impacts of Gender Strategy:• Enhanced range and quality of choices for poor womenand men in where and how to participate in targetedvalue chains due to positive changes in the gendernorms.• Expanded capacity of value chain stakeholders tounderstand and integrate gender balanced approachesin their work.
Current Focus Countries for Livestock and FishValue Chain gender activities• Tanzania – Dairy and Goat Value Chains – gender analysis andtechnologies for gender equitable access and control of resources• Ethiopia – Small Ruminant Value Chain - gender analysis and technologiesfor gender equitable access and control of resources• Uganda – Pig Value Chain- gender analysis and technologies for genderequitable access and control, gendered consumption and access to ASF inthe household• Egypt – Aquaculture Value Chain – gender analysis, improving genderequitable access to value chain markets• Central America – Beef Value Chain - gender analysis and technologies forgender equitable access and control of resources
Output 1: 2012-2013 Activities• Value Chain partner trainings in Ethiopia – 2 trainings (60 people)• Value Chain partner training in Uganda (26 people)• Partner training on “Integrating Gender and Rights into DevelopmentProjects” (25 people)• Production of ‘Closing the Gender Gap in Agriculture: A trainer’s manual’and research bulletin, “Integrating Gender into Rural Advisory Services”
Output 2: 2012-2013 Activities• Development of Value Chain toolkit with gender focus• Development of M and E indicators with gender focus
Objective of Output 3• “Strategies and approaches that increase women’s andmarginalized groups’ entitlement to access markets and controlresources, technologies, labor, power and the benefits of theirwork”• Focuses on wider social context within which a value chainfunctions: how well does it enable equitable participation, ongood terms, and control over the benefits?• Entitlement is key:– own sense of entitlement;– recognition by others of women’s and other marginalizedgroups’ capacities and claims to engage in markets;– translation of society’s recognition into the way formal andinformal institutions allocate opportunities and resources
Approaches to gender integration (www.igwg.org)
Research ProcessUnderstands people and socialdiversity in their contextDynamic & iterativeEnables critical learning,reflection & questioningMulti-scalePracticeEngages with both women andmenAddresses unequal powerdynamics across social groupsCrosses scalesChallenges oppressive norms,practices and structuresIntegrates with value chaininterventionsOutcomesInclusive and sustainedeconomic and socialdevelopmentMore equitable social enablingenvironmentMore and better life andlivelihood choices for poorwomen and menCharacteristics of a gender transformative approach tovalue chain research in development
Next steps in 2013• Assess value chain leader interest in integrating gendertransformative approaches in VC R4D– Garner interest from 2-3 VCs• Identify ways to integrate GTAs: additional interventions,revisions to how current interventions are delivered, newpartners– Develop plan on how to proceed with current project funds orto raise funds• Develop joint proposals to fund GTA research indevelopment (AGRA, BMGF…)• Develop draft tools on integrating GTAs in value chainanalysis
Output 4: 2012- 2013 ActivitiesExploring shared post-doc position to “Conduct research on diets,consumption patterns and health of women and children and the relationshipof these with selected livestock value chains” with multiple partners (CRP 4.3,Royal Veterinary College, London School of Tropical Medicine)
Additional accomplishments for Gender Strategy• First meeting of 3.7 Gender Working group to draft strategy• Hired gender scientists to conduct research in TZ, Ethiopia, CentralAmerica• Completed Gender Strategy and submitted to CG consortium for approval• Aligned existing projects with 3.7 Gender strategy and L&F proposal• Completed and submitted 2012 Gender Theme report to L&F
CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIARResearch Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systemsin sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world.CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fishlivestockfish.cgiar.org