Integrating crops and livestock for improved foodsecurity and livelihoods in rural Zimbabwe (ZimCLIFS)1. Introduction•Lack...
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Integrating crops and livestock for improved food security and livelihoods in rural Zimbabwe (ZimCLIFS))


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Poster prepared by G.J. Manyawu, S. Moyo, I. Nyagumbo, A. van Rooyen, S. Homann, G. Tesfahan, P. Masikate, W. Mupangwa, J. Nyamangara, D. Rodriguez, N. Macleod, I. Chakoma, E. Mutsamba, S.Mugwara, T. Dube and J. Mataruse for the ILRI APM 2013, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013

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Integrating crops and livestock for improved food security and livelihoods in rural Zimbabwe (ZimCLIFS))

  1. 1. Integrating crops and livestock for improved foodsecurity and livelihoods in rural Zimbabwe (ZimCLIFS)1. Introduction•Lack of capital, frequent droughts, soil degradation, and poor access toinput/output markets limit the opportunities for smallholder (SH) farmers inZimbabwe to improve income and livelihoods. Food insecurity indicatorsremain discouraging (Fig 1 and Table 1).•The ZimCLIFS project aims to assist farmers to intensify and integratecrop-livestock production systems through the use of Innovation Platforms(IPs) to promote the adoption of appropriate technologies and value chaininnovations.•This 3-year collaborative project is coordinated by ILRI. Other partners areCIMMYT, ICRISAT, CSIRO and QAAFI. It is funded by ACIAR.Specific project objectives are to:increase the productivity of SH crop-livestock households by identifyingand adapting appropriate technologies and associated managementpractices improve farmers’ access to resources, technologies, information andmarkets by characterising and strengthening crop and livestock value chains increase the skills of research and extension staff and agribusiness in thedesign and implementation of integrated farming systems research fordevelopment programs in Zimbabwe2. Activities implemented from October 2012 to April 2013The project is operating in the Goromonzi and Murehwa Districts of theMashonaland East Province (avg. rainfall 800 mm/year), and in Nkayi,Gwanda and Matobo Districts of Matabeleland N & S Provinces,respectively (avg. rainfall is 450 mm/year).Activities aim to improve productivity of crops and livestock at farm level by: Identifying best-fit technologies and most promising value chaininnovations from the outputs of discussions with farmers and IPs, andoutputs from previous research and whole farm simulation modeling.Identified technologies included:o alternative cereal-legume rotations and intercropping practicesto intensify crop and fodder production under contrasting soilmanagement technologieso alternative livestock and fodder production and conservationtechnologies for cattle (dairy and beef) and goats Developing appropriate tools for baseline diagnostics and bettertargeting of technologies and innovations to households withcontrasting characteristics Establishing IPs as vehicle for knowledge sharing and value chaindevelopmentOther collaborating institutionsAGRITEX, DLPD (Department of Livestock Production & Development) andtwo NGO Implementing Partners viz. CADS and CTDT.3. Achievements to date• Hosting a stakeholder inception workshop in Oct. 2012 to share the scope of the project and agreeon operational framework• Identified promising value chains: goats, groundnuts, maize in semi-arid region (SAR) and maize,dairy, beef and goat in sub-humid region (SHR).•Establishment of trials across the two different agro-ecologies: -•Total area planted to trials = 59.6 ha (42.6 ha in SHR and 17.0 in SAR)•Recruited 303 farmers into the project (i.e. 63% achievement - 172 in SHR and 131 in SAR).•Harvesting agronomy trials. Hay-making in progress and set to be completed by end of May 2013.•Commenced the establishment of IPs in Feb 2013 - 12 res. and 18 ext. staff trained on IPs.• A combined baseline & VC survey was initiated in Apr. 2013 (delayed) to benchmark 1400 HHsusing a harmonized tool developed by ICRISAT and CIMMYT. Survey will be completed by end ofMay 2013.• Australian scientists from CSIRO and QAAFI have assisted local scientists to calibrate the IAT andAPSFARM simulation models to evaluate current SH farmers crop and livestock productionsystems and to identify suitable winter feeding technologies.•Other capacity building activities:4. Lessons learnt:4.1 Delivering Science –• Need well-coordinated, timely planning and implementation of activities for success• Farmers take long to reveal their opinions, build trust and provide the right answers to set up relevanttrials.• Farmer feedback shows project offers a lot of hope for improved livelihoods.4.2 Developing Capacity –• Project will reinforce stakeholder training for improved capacity• To end hunger we need sustainable strategies for improved self reliance/entrepreneurial drive• Innovation Platforms and partnerships employed by the project could play a pivotal role in addressingcapital and market related challenges currently facing farmersAgronomic evaluationof forage cultivarsAgronomic evaluation ofdifferent cereal-legumeintercrops & rotations toenhance grain & fodderproduction and soil fertilityConservation offorages as hayand silageDevelopment of forage-basedsupplementary feedingpracticesPasture seedmultiplication3 7 2 5 4Figure 1. Food insecurity index (FII) and total cerealproduction and yield for Zimbabwe.Source: Potgeiter, Davis & Rodriquez (undated, ACIARreport)Activity Date No of peopleattendingCategory of personsData collection training and Project Review workshop Jan /Feb 2013 51 Govt & NGO staffPre-harvest training in procedures and data collection March 51 Ext staffPrinciples of hay-making Mar 2013 65 SH farmers & Ext staffPrinciples of silage-making Apr 2013 25 SH farmers & Ext.Fielddays and field tours Mar –Apr ‘13 Numerous All categoriesG.J.Manyawu 1, S. Moyo1, I. Nyagumbo 2, A. van Rooyen 3, S. Homann 3, G. Tesfahan2 , P. Masikate 3, W. Mupangwa2, J. Nyamangara 3, D. Rodriguez5,N. Macleod4, I. Chakoma 1, E. Mutsamba 2, S.Mugwara 2, T. Dube 3 and J. Mataruse 21 ILRI, 2 CIMMYT, 3 ICRISAT, 4CSIRO, 5QAAFITable 1: Per capita consumption oflivestock products and beef slaughterstatisticsProduct Year ValueMeat 1980 13.2 kgMeat 2012 21.3 kg*Beef slaughters(nos.)2000 605,000Beef slaughters(nos.)2012 200,000Dairy 2002 25 ltrDairy 2012 8 ltr*** mainly due to increased poultry consumption.** S.Afr. = 56 ltrs and Zambia = 10 ltrsThis document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported Lisence May 2013