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Framework for comprehensive entry points to improve livestock water productivity in forage-based livestock systems
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Framework for comprehensive entry points to improve livestock water productivity in forage-based livestock systems

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Poster prepared by Amare Haileslassie, Michael Blummel, Peter Craufurd and Ramana Reddy for the ILRI APM 2013, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013 …

Poster prepared by Amare Haileslassie, Michael Blummel, Peter Craufurd and Ramana Reddy for the ILRI APM 2013, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013

Published in: Technology

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  • 1. April2013Framework for comprehensive entry points to improve livestock waterproductivity in forage-based livestock systemsIntroduction•Feed resources of the Forage Based LivestockSystems (FLPS) largely consist of pasture, cropresidues, or immature cereal crops, and also plantscut for fodder and carried to the animals.•FLPS are dominantly extensive and thus the scaleof water depletion (see plate) for feed production isa major concern and improvement of LivestockWater productivity (LWP ) is needed.Framework for ComprehensiveEntry Points to Improve LWPin FLPSAlthough FLPS systems vary by their degree ofintensification, scale of water relatedproblems, and therefore in their values ofLWP, a number common entry points ( Fig 1)to increase LWP are identified by ILRI andpartners and systematically clustered as: Improving the water productivity of feed; Improving livestock feed sourcing andfeeding; Enhancing livestock feed use efficiencies ; Enabling institutions and market linkages forimproved adoption of technologies.Amare Haileslassie12, Michael Blümmel1, Peter Craufurd2, Ramana Reddy11 International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), 2 International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ( ICRISAT)Unlocking livestock development potential through science, influence and capacity developmentILRI APM, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013Figure 1: Framework for entry points to improve LWP in FLPSPhoto plates: showing examples of inefficient use of feed and unproductivewater depletion as the major causes of LWP related problems in FLPSPrinciples to build entry points to improve LWP for FLPSImproving water productivityof feeds on grazing, crop &tree landImproving feed sourcing &feedingEnhancing livestock feeduse efficienciesImproving spatial &temporal water availabilityi.Water conservation;ii.Rainwater harvesting;iii. Improved drainage.Improving plants’ wateruptakei.Improved soil fertilitymanagement;ii.Species diversification &spatial-temporalarrangement.iii.Improved: LWP, system water productivity, ecosystemservices provisionManage livestock feed supplyi.Feed transfer from surplus todeficit systems;ii.Relating feed availability tothe whole farm plan;iii. Post-harvest feedmanagement.Manage livestock feeddemandi.Improving feed quality;ii.Supplementary feeding;iii.Limiting animal movement;iv.Synchronizing water & feedavailability.Focus on productive animali.Selection & cross breeding;ii.Access to AI service;iii.Access to veterinaryservice.Improving livestock herdmanagementi.Optimum herd structure &composition;ii.Quality water supply;iii. Efficient use of livestockservices.Institutions(e.g.Market)This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported Licence May 2013