Input supply and service Improved access to processed feed. Multiplication and supply of forage seeds,seedlings and cutt...
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Promoting agro-enterprises in the Highlands of Ethiopia through improved institutional support services: Experiences of market-oriented dairy and fattening development

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Poster prepared by Berhanu Gebremedhin, Dirk Hoekstra and Azage Tegegne for the ILRI APM 2013, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013

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Promoting agro-enterprises in the Highlands of Ethiopia through improved institutional support services: Experiences of market-oriented dairy and fattening development

  1. 1. Input supply and service Improved access to processed feed. Multiplication and supply of forage seeds,seedlings and cuttings. Credit for fattening purposes. Community-based livestock insuranceschemes.Production Shorter fattening periods and stall feeding. De-worming animals at the beginning of thefattening period. Use of concentrates during the fattening period. Use of crop residues treatment.Marketing/processing Nearby local markets through individual orcollective action. Export market value chains still developing forsmallholders. Virtual or physical market linkages. Supply of market information.Unlocking livestock development potential through science, influence and capacitydevelopment ILRI APM, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2013Promoting agro-enterprises in the Highlands of Ethiopia throughimproved institutional support services: Experiences of market-oriented dairy and fattening developmentThis document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported Licence May 2013Berhanu Gebremedhin, Dirk Hoekstra and Azage Tegegne,International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) Smallholder-led commercial transformation of agriculture underlying strategy in Ethiopia. The Improving Productivity and Market Success (IPMS) project is a research for development (R4D) project aimed at demonstrating market-oriented transformation. IPMS follows value chain development framework.Market oriented developmental changes in improved dairy2005/06 2009/10 %∆Number of households producing 682 2, 156 216Number of female-headed householdsproducing104 352 238Number of improved dairy cowsproducing milk532 1879 253Milk produced (liters) 726, 924 3, 320, 000 356Milk yield (liter/day) 4.48 5.79 29Real revenue (million Birr) 2.2 6.5 200Proportion of milk sold (%) NA 62 ---Proportion of households selling NA 52 --- In order to ensure financial viability of private input supply and services, the crowding out effect of the public input supply and service provision needs to be reconsidered. With the scale of the fattening businesses likely to increase, feed agro dealerships should be further developed to ensure a regular and quality supply of feeds. The traditional production and technology focused extension service approach is inadequate for market oriented agricultural development; market oriented extension service isrequired. The use of a community based insurance scheme for small ruminants can be used to stimulate commercial fattening with credit, especially benefiting women. Provision of market information in various forms, facilitating virtual or physical linkages of producers with buyers, and formal and informal collective action for produce marketingincrease bargaining power of farmers.Conclusions and implicationsInput supply and service Private AI service. Community animal health workers (CAHW). Private multiplication and distribution of forageseeds, seedlings and cuttings.Production development of grazing land enclosures andpromotion of stall feeding through cut and carrysystem. enrichment plantations of improved foragespecies. development of irrigated and backyard fodder processing of crop residues to increase theirfeed value. improved awareness of and access of farmersto processed feed.Marketing/processing Establishment of milk collection centers. Milk processing in small local cooperatives. Processing by some of the larger dairyproducers in some of the district towns.Developmental changes in market oriented improved animal productionSmall ruminant Cattle2005/06 2009/10 %∆ 2005/06 2009/10 %∆Number of households producing 27, 523 54, 554 98 6,157 24,391 296Number of female-headedhouseholds producing4, 657 9, 519 104 308 2,121 587Total number of animals fattened 164, 296 314, 077 91 9,902 47,524 380Real revenue (million Birr) 46 120 159 44 207.5 867Animals fattened per household NA 6 --- NA 2 ---Proportion of animals sold (%) NA 50 – 95 --- NA 100 ---Proportion of households selling NA 100 --- NA 100 ---Fattening cycle/year NA 2 --- NA 1.5 ---

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