Livestock goods and bads: Perspectives from ILRI research

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Presentation by Vish Nene, Steve Staal, Shirley Tarawali, Nancy Johnson, An Notenbaert for ILRI Annual Program Meeting, Addis Ababa, 15 April 2010

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  • Crop residues and fodder markets 9 sites in the Indo-Gangetic plains included in market chain characterization. 781 straw samples collected and analysed together with trader perceptions and market data from 3 urban centres in India 8 districts in Bihar surveyed for analysis of residue production, marketing and consumption  
  • Soil health and livestock keeping in intensive systems crop residues and conservation agriculture 1000 households the Indo-Gangetic plains studied on conservation agriculture, crop residue use and crop-livestock interactions 50 000 households affected by CSISA’s technology delivery hubs
  • Livestock goods and bads: Perspectives from ILRI research

    1. 1. Livestock Goods and Bads Perspectives from ILRI Research Vish Nene, Steve Staal, Shirley Tarawali, Nancy Johnson, An Notenbaert ILRI APM, Addis Ababa, 15 April 2010
    2. 2. Biotechnology Theme <ul><li>Vish Nene </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is Biotechnology doing on goods? <ul><li>Securing livestock assets via control of animal disease (vaccine development) </li></ul><ul><li>Making smarter use of livestock biodiversity (disease resistance and production) </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to human welfare and medicine </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is Biotechnology doing on bads? <ul><li>Developing a system for detection of emerging infectious diseases (pathogen hunting and diversity) </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing the threat of zoonoses </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostics </li></ul>
    5. 5. What could Biotechnology be doing more or different? <ul><li>Better integration across different teams working on “goods” and “bads” </li></ul><ul><li>Research on rumen function & microbes </li></ul><ul><li>Engage in the debate on the use of animal GMOs </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>A tough question for Biotechnology! </li></ul>
    7. 7. Markets Theme <ul><li>Steve Staal </li></ul>
    8. 8. What is Markets doing on goods? <ul><li>Supporting innovation capacity and identification of appropriate technology towards increased livestock productivity (fodder, genetics) </li></ul><ul><li>Piloting organisational models to improve performance of livestock value chains, access to services (producer hubs, innovation platforms) </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting systems to reduce burden of animal disease on smallholder livestock, including barriers to markets and trade (PDS, CBT) </li></ul><ul><li>Providing evidence and decision support to guide policy-making in support of smallholder livestock keeper livelihoods and their communities (dairy Assam, pig sector Vietnam, CAADP) </li></ul>
    9. 9. What is Markets doing on bads? <ul><li>Supporting improved livestock productivity leading to potentially reduced environmental footprint (fodder, genetics) </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of food safety risk in local livestock systems and piloting pragmatic strategies to mitigate those (milk, poultry, pork) </li></ul><ul><li>Developing approaches and capacity to mitigate threats from emerging zoonotic diseases and their control measures (PE/PDS, ecohealth capacity) </li></ul>
    10. 10. What could Markets be doing more or different? <ul><li>Looking past process, innovation and capacity building to outcomes, performance and impact (with P&G, SLF) </li></ul><ul><li>Better integrating risk assessment, value chains and ecohealth approaches, combining both risk-based and incentive-based thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Measures of development performance for the entire value chain, so as to be able to compare development scenarios, including retailing behaviour. </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>A very tough question for Markets! </li></ul>
    12. 12. People, Livestock, Environment Theme <ul><li>Shirley Tarawali </li></ul>
    13. 13. What is PLE doing on goods? <ul><li>Livelihood (productivity – market) </li></ul><ul><li>Better feeding for improved productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Better access to and use of water for improved productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Diversification of income options through livestock based stewardship of natural resources </li></ul>
    14. 14. What is PLE doing on bads? <ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Greenhouse gas emissions: improved productivity and reduced emissions through better feeding </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive water use for feed production: improved efficiency of feed use (better feeds; combinations) </li></ul><ul><li>Overgrazing - degradation of rangelands: options and incentives for livestock management of ecosystem services (C sequestration; wildlife biodiversity) </li></ul>
    15. 15. What could PLE be doing more or different? <ul><li>People: social implications of livestock systems transition </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock: intersection of livestock and soil fertility (forages, livestock management, manure mangement, biomass use) </li></ul><ul><li>Environment: pollution </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>An extremely difficult question for PLE! </li></ul>
    17. 17. Poverty & Gender Group <ul><li>Nancy Johnson </li></ul>
    18. 18. How P&G works to understand, quantify, & encourage the goods <ul><li>Assets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Piloting and evaluation of index based livestock insurance (piloting in 1 district in Kenya) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of agricultural development projects on women’s assets (8-10 large-scale R4D projects in SSA and SA) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PROGEBE (12 sites, 4 countries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop residues and fodder markets (India) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livestock value chains for women (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food Security and Nutrition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PROGEBE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emory-EADD </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. How P&G works to understand, quantify and mitigate the bads <ul><li>Potential disempowerment of women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Threats to women’s access to livestock and income from livestock products (Kenya and Mozambique) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soil health and livestock keeping in intensive systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>crop residues and conservation agriculture (1000 hh in IGP on conservation agriculture; 50,000 reached by CSISA’s hubs) </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. The Gaps that P&G could work on <ul><li>Trade offs, eg between poverty, economic growth, environment, health </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>A very tricky question for P&G! </li></ul>
    22. 22. Sustainable Livestock Futures Group <ul><li>An Notenbaert </li></ul>
    23. 23. What is SLF doing on goods? <ul><li>Understanding drivers of agricultural change and identifying key livestock systems where sustainable food production could be increased </li></ul><ul><li>Testing the impacts of scenarios of global change on livestock product consumption, prices and the impacts on children malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>designing adaptation strategies to climate change to improve livelihoods resilience in some systems </li></ul>
    24. 24. What is SLF doing on bads? <ul><li>Impacts, adaptation and mitigation of climate change: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>measuring the impacts of climate change on people’s vulnerability status and their systems (crops/livestock, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantifying GHG emissions from livestock systems and designing mitigation strategies to reduce them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quantifying the impacts of drivers of change (pop. density, increased demand for livestock products, etc) on the environmental impacts of livestock systems </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying constraints, trade-offs and options for improving natural resource management: water, biomass trade-offs, nutrient management, feeds, land use </li></ul>
    25. 25. What could SLF be doing more or different? <ul><li>Work more effectively with other ILRI teams </li></ul><ul><li>Link better the work on environmental and social impacts (poverty, nutrition) </li></ul><ul><li>Work more on interventions and investments to reduce the bads (happening but slowly) </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the linkages between work at different scales (from global to local and viceversa) </li></ul>
    26. 26. <ul><li>A completely impossible question for SLF! </li></ul>
    27. 27. <ul><li>LUNCH </li></ul>

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